Ethnology Artefact collections The ethnography collections are primarily concentrated on New Zealand Māori and the Pacific Islands. The focus of the ethnology collection is to represent and preserve a well-balanced range of arts and material culture from New Zealand Māori and Moriori, tropical Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Indonesia, South-East Asia, Australia, Africa and the Americas, in this order of priority. Objects are collected for their intrinsic importance, but also for their place within a cultural or geographic range or by virtue of the relevance of their maker. The Auckland Museum ethnology collections are already the premier New Zealand collections in these fields, but continuing active and directed collecting is necessary to maintain this status and to provide Auckland Museum and New Zealand with a prime cultural resource. Content and scope The ethnology collections consist of items of material culture from those areas of the world deemed relevant according to Auckland Museum's mission statement. The ethnology collections are characterised by their extreme diversity of types of materials, size and shape, and differing cultural significance. Materials include heavy stone items, fragile textiles, canoes, small high monetary value items especially jade, feathers, bone, much untreated leaf material in mats and baskets, untreated wood, pottery, bamboo, metals in swords and daggers especially, leathers and animal skins. Size ranges from full-sized canoes down to minute fishhooks, with very limited standardisation in shape or projections. Cultural diversity is often the most difficult to assess and requires specialist anthropological knowledge on the part of curators. All of these different types of diversity have important implications for methods of storage, handling, display, acquisition and de-accessioning. Historical backgroundThe ethnology collections began within the core collection of the Museum from its founding in 1852 and has since grown into separate Archaeology, Decorative and Applied Arts, History and other collections.Read more Categories of collectionsFor practical purposes of storage and geographical relationships, the ethnology collection has been categorised into ten collections, registered and databased as one.Read more Ownership, strategies and directionsIncreasingly for Ethnology collections, legal "ownership" less important than the recognised moral and emotional "cultural" ownership exercised by relevant ethnic communities.Read more Documentation All of the Ethnology collections are registered in the original and still-maintained manual system which has been extended over recent years by several Māori tribal inventories, subject indexes and geographical card systems. Since the initiation of electronic data entry, all of the Ethnology collection objects have been entered onto the computer data files. This database is very important for collection management especially and for research generally. However, for much historical research, the old manual system is more important for tracing the history of collections and their changing interpretation. The collection in the Museum Objects from the Ethnology collections can be seen in the following galleries: Pacific Lifeways Pacific Masterpieces Māori Court Māori Natural History gallery Staffing In view of the cultural complexity of these collections, their curatorial care requires staff with a sound anthropological background and an experienced practical cultural sensitivity. They must maintain close relationships with communities through frequent fieldwork, and pursue joint research and display projects with other scholars and ethnic communities.