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Jack Nelson Harold



  • Title
  • Forenames
    Jack Nelson AWMM
  • Surname
    Harold AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    WWII NZ4646 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    17 September 1922 AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
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  • Post war occupation
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Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    WW2 1941 AWMM Printer AWMM
    WhangareiNorthland AWMM
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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
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Medical history

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Little Ships from "Down Under" - written by Jack N. Harold c.1990

    On January 29th., 1943 two of the Royal New Zealand Navy's Bird Class Corvettes belonging to the 25th., Minesweeping Flotilla found themselves engaged in a torrid scrap with a large Japanese submarine.

    The two coverttes H.M.N.Z.S. Moa and H.M.N.Z.S. Kiwi were patrolling 1,600 metres apart off Kaimbo Bay, Guardacanal in the Solomon Islands, when Able Seaman E. Vinnie an asdic operator picked up an asdic echo at 1,600 metres which was identified as an enemy submarine.

    The Kiwi altered course towards the enemy and increased to full speed to attack with depth charges whilst Moa remained on her original course to act as asdic vessel.

    At this point the two corvettes had no knowledge as to the size of the enemy which turned out to be the Japanese submarine I-I-.

    The submarine was 2,035 tonnes, 96 metres long, twice the size of the corvettes and had surface speed of 18 knots, this being six knots faster than its opponents and her main 125mm gun which fired a shell twice the weight of the 100mm shells of the Kiwi and Moa and she also carreid a six pounder and two machine guns.

    The Kiwi dropped a pattern of six depth charges and having completed the exercise the Corvette steamed ahead to open the range and regain asdic contact.

    The corvettte dropped a further parttern of six depth charges forcing the I-I to surface with her electric motors out of action,

    Using her diesel engines the I-I made for Guardalcanal in an attempt to escape in the darkness of the high land of the island.

    The Kiwi and The Moa turned towards their foe firing star and explosive shells, the Kiwi's third h.e. shell found its mark the submarine relied with her 125mm gun two shells passing over the Kiwi and three shells close to the Moa, too close for comfort and at 365 metres the Kiwi as the submarine was almost broadside on prepared to ram, the Moa continued the supporting role by firing illuminating star shells.

    I-I altered course slightly to starboard before the Kiwi hit her on the port side abaft the conning tower where she had hold, ramming the submarine twice more. All this had happened in the space of under an hour, the repeated raming put the Kiwi's asdic gear out of action.

    It was Moa in the chase now opening up on the submarine which was retreating at a speed of 12 knots and had managed to put out a fire on her after casing.

    From the time the Moa took over the leading role the action turned into a chase I-I relying on her six pounder to reply to Moa's 100mm shells.

    The Japanese altered course after trying to dodge the Moa's fire and the Moa kept manoeuvring to stop the submarine's stern gun being brought to bear on her.

    Several of the Moa's shells were seen to find their target and finally at 11.20pm I-I ran aground on a submerged reef and was held fast.

    The Moa stood off waiting for dawn when she found the battered fore part of the submarine sticking about 12 to 15 metres out of the water at an angle of 45 degrees.

    One wounded Japanese officer was rescued from the sea before enemy artillery from the shore made it wise for Moa to move off.

    Ammunition fired by The Kiwi and The Moa were 55 rounds of 100mm shells and the 20mm Oerlikon guns fired 1,250 pounds. The Kiwi returned to New Zealand for repairs and Moa was sunk in Tulagi Harbour, Solomon Islands on April 7th 1943. AWMM
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About death

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  • Death
    15 April 2017 AWMM
    Age 94 AWMM
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  • Jack and often referred to as Poppa Jack. You truly were a true friend that shared a special kindness and genuine love with so many people. Fond memories of you today. Arohanui Ramon, Sara and Troy Crawley-Allen.
    Public - Sara - Friend - 25 April 2017



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  • External links
    NZOnScreen. Memories of Service 3 - Jack Harold.
    Further Reference
  • Documents
    Harold, J. N. (1993). Big Bird - Little Ship. J. N. Harold, Auckland : New Zealand. AWMM
    Harold, Jack Nelson. Papers relating to HMNZS Moa and Kiwi. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 90/18 AWMM