Te Rangi Royal Born 23 August 1897 - Died 8 July 1965 PDF Print Share Key details Service number19654 AWMM5096 AWMM Also known asTe Rangiataahua Kiniwe AWMMRoera AWMMTe Rangi Atahua Kiniwe AWMM ForceArmy AWMM Last rankWW1 Lieutenant AWMMNew Zealand (Maori) Pioneer Battalion AWMMWW2 Major AWMM28 (Maori) Battalion AWMM WarWorld War I, 1914-1918 AWMMWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Enquire Lay a poppy Portrait of Te Rangiataahua Kiniwe Royal in military uniform … Read more View gallery Hide sources Show empty fields Identity About Contribute › Title ForenamesTe Rangi AWMM SurnameRoyal AWMM Ingoa Also known asTe Rangiataahua Kiniwe AWMMRoera AWMMTe Rangi Atahua Kiniwe AWMM Service number19654 AWMM5096 AWMM GenderMale AWMM IwiNgāti Raukawa AWMMNgāti Tamaterā AWMM Hapū Waka Rohe Religion Images and documents Images Contribute › Documents Contribute › Civilian life About birth Contribute › Date of birth23 August 1897 AWMM Place of birthLevin, Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand AWMM Birth notesPossibly born on the 3rd August 1896 (Military Personnel File) AWMM Occupation before enlistmentWW1 Clerk AWMMUnknown military district AWMMWW2 Civil servant AWMM Post war occupationCivil servant AWMMController Maori Welfare AWMM Address before enlistmentUnknown Unknown address AWMMUnknown 38 Grey Street, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Next of kin on embarkationMrs Keriati Kiniwe Royal (mother), Paeroa, New Zealand AWMMMrs P. Royal (wife), 38 Grey Street, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Relationship statusPre 31 Dec 1917 Single AWMMPre 02 May 1940 Married AWMMMarried to Te Puhi o Rakaiora Taiaroa AWMM Service Wars and conflicts Contribute › WarWorld War I, 1914-1918 AWMMWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Campaigns ForceArmy AWMM Service number19654 AWMM5096 AWMM Military service Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers Miilitary decorations Contribute › Medals and AwardsOfficer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) AWMM1964 AWMMMilitary Cross and bar (MC*) AWMM19 March 1942 AWMMThe National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Royal, Rangi. (Ref. WO 373/27/425). Bar to Military Cross. AWMMMilitary Cross (MC) AWMM30 December 1941 AWMMThe National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Royal, Rangi. (Ref. WO 373/27/425). Military Cross. MC. Leading a bold charge against German paratroopers at Suda Bay, Crete. Bar, MC. Libyan campaign. AWMM Training and Enlistment Contribute › Military training EnlistmentWW1 Unknown AWMMWW2 Rotorua, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand AWMM Age on enlistment Embarkations Contribute › Embarkation detailsWW1 31 Dec 1917-25 February 1918 AWMM from Wellington, New Zealand AWMM to Glasgow, Scotland AWMM HMNZT 99 AWMMVessel was Athenic AWMMCompany Sergeant Major AWMM25th Reinforcements, Maori Contingent AWMMNew Zealand Expeditionary Force AWMMWW2 Vessel was Aquitania AWMMCaptain AWMM28 (Maori) Battalion AWMMSecond New Zealand Expeditionary Force, 2nd Echelon AWMM Prisoner of war Contribute › Capture details Days interned Liberation date POW liberation details POW serial number Medical history Contribute › Medical notesHospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMMWounded 14 December 1941 AWMM Last known rank Contribute › Last rankWW1 Lieutenant AWMMNew Zealand (Maori) Pioneer Battalion AWMMWW2 Major AWMM28 (Maori) Battalion AWMM Biographical information Biographical information Contribute › Te Rangiataahua Kiniwe Royal (Ngāti Ruakawa, Ngāti Tamaterā) served in both the First and Second World Wars. He was Major in command of the 28th Māori Battalion's B Company when he was injured near Gazala in Libya.Te Rangiataahua was born on 23 August 1896 at Muhunoa, Ohau. He spent his early life in the Horowhenua and Thames districts, later joining the Native Department in 1916. He enlisted in the Army in 1917 - serving in France for eight months before returning home.After the war, Te Rangiataahua continued his work with the Native Department and was a clerk in the Native Land Court. He was a very successful sportsman during the interwar years - representing his province in cricket and rugby.In 1940, Te Rangiataahua enlisted as Captain in the 28th Māori Battalion, part of the 2nd New Zealand Division who fought in the Second World War. After training at Palmerston North, the Battalion travelled by train to Wellington to board the Aquitania for Britain. Soon after daybreak on 2 May the Aquitania departed. Cody (1956) describes the scene:"With nearly three thousand troops plus a detachment of the RNVR on board, [the ship] moved out into the stream. The Maori Battalion's last close contact with its own people was the sight of the crowd allowed on the wharf and the sound of the Ngati Poneke girls singing farewell songs as the distance widened between ship and shore. The Battalion sang its farewell song 'Po Atarau' in reply."The ship travelled in convoy with the Empress of Britain and the Empress of Japan, travelling around Africa to avoid potential conflict. Once they reached the Irish sea they were escorted by HMS Hood, an aircraft carrier and six destroyers and reached Glasgow on 16 June. After six months training in England, the Battalion sailed back around Africa, arriving in Egypt on 3 March 1941.After battles in Greece and Crete, the 28th Māori Battalion joined the rest of the New Zealand Division in the campaign in Libya. Te Rangiataahua was wounded in the advance to Gazala. Wira Gardiner (1992) outlines the events that led up to the battle."On 10 December 1941, the Maori [Battalion] were on the move westwards past Menastir, the scene of their recent triumph, and on toward Gazala. 5th Brigade was to move west towards Gazala but not get involved in serious fighting. Seventeen miles west of Tobruk, the battalions were given their tasks. 23rd Battalion was to move down the main coastal road. The Maori were to move along a track on the escarpment overlooking the coast road. 22nd Battalion moved further south.The 28th (Maori) Battalion's first objective was Sidi Mgherreb, 'a slight rise dominated by a little hill hardly more than a pimple on the desert'. It was a very strong position, protected by a minefield on its left flank and by a line of 26 anti-tank guns, interlaced with machine guns and mortars on its right."Using simple, if unorthodox, tactics the Battalion was successful and took over 1000 prisoners. Two days later and 12 km further west, the 28th Battalion was in action again, this time the objective was Point 181. The assault (as recorded by Cody) was a replica of the first."Colonel Dyer placed Captain Royal in charge with orders to consolidate while he returned to his headquarters back on the first objective. Royal in turn instructed A Company and 17 Platoon to consolidate while he went forward with B Company to exploit in case there were more enemy about. They found a field ambulance, medical stores, a food truck, a car and several motor cycles. The Arawas had taken time off to sample the Italian hot coffee in the food truck when the approach of daylight disclosed still more enemy in trenches close by.They did not offer much opposition and the Maoris [sic] took over their weapon pits. B Company's adventures were not yet over for at first light another enemy group was seen about 400 yards away, apparently standing around waiting to surrender. The Maoris [sic] were proceeding to oblige them when the enemy suddenly turned and manned some guns behind them, whereupon B Company's men dived for the cover they had just left.By the greatest of good fortune a Vickers crew had arrived by this time and came immediately into action cleaning up the enemy gun crews, breaking up an incipient counter-attack, and ensuring that the guns remained unmanned. Captain Royal and Lieutenant D Stewart were wounded by the same mortar shell and Lieutenant F T Bennett took command."After recovering in hospital, Te Rangiataahua returned home to New Zealand. He was appointed Chief Welfare Officer, becoming the controller of Māori welfare in 1946. He was involved in many Māori development initiatives - playing a significant role in the development and implementation of the Māori Social and Economic Advancement Act 1945. Royal & Jamison (2014) describe him as "influential in pursuing tribal self-determination through the establishment of some 500 tribal committees formed to consider issues related to education, health and employment".Retiring from working life in 1956, Te Rangiataahua received an OBE in 1964. He died on 8 July 1965 and is buried in Muruika Soldiers' Cemetery, Ohinemutu. AWMM Read more Death About death Contribute › Age at death68 AWMM Date of death8 July 1965 AWMM Cause of death Place of deathRotorua, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand AWMM Death notes Cemetery nameOhinemutu Cemetery, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Grave reference Memorial name Memorial reference Obituary Roll of Honour Remember Te Rangi Royal by laying a poppy. Stewart Royal Taiaroa Royal Te Rangi Royal Tukukino Royal William Royal Lay a poppy for 2016 Leave a note Leave a tribute or memory of Te Rangi Royal Leave a note Contribute › Processing Sources Sources Contribute › External linksMilitary Personnel filehttp://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=24063059&digital=yesFurther ReferenceMilitary Personnel filehttp://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=24201514&digital=yesFurther ReferenceTe Ao Houhttp://teaohou.natlib.govt.nz/journals/teaohou/index.htmlSources UsedDictionary of New Zealand Biography.http://www.dnzb.govt.nzSources Used28th Maori Battalion Website 1941-1945http://www.28maoribattalion.org.nz/Sources UsedObituary: Te Ao Hou 1965. no. 52 (September) pp. 63-63.http://teaohou.natlib.govt.nz/journals/teaohou/issue/Mao52TeA/c26.htmlObituary28th Maori Battalion Website 1941-1945. Personal pagehttp://www.28maoribattalion.org.nz/soldier/rangiataahua-kiniwe-royalFurther ReferenceDictionary of New Zealand Biography.http://dnzb.govt.nz/dnzb/default.asp?Find_Quick.asp?PersonEssay=4R29Further ReferenceTe Ao Hou.http://teaohou.natlib.govt.nz/journals/teaohou/issue/Mao52TeA/c26.htmlFurther ReferenceCody, J.F. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: War History Branch, Dept. of Internal Affairs.http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2Maor.htmFurther ReferenceFamNet: The Family History Network record pagehttp://famnet.net.nz/login_pages/Cenotaph.aspx?Systemid=C18096Further ReferenceBritish War Medal 1914-20; verso: CAPT. C.J. BLOMFIELD AIF Received as part of medal set associated with Major Te Rangi K Royal (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.3)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657390Further ReferenceVictory Medal 1914-18 ; verso: CAPTAIN C.J. BLOMFIELD AIF Received as part of medal set associated with Major Te Rangi K Royal (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.4)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657391Further ReferenceCoronation 1953 (EII) Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.10)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657397Further ReferenceThe Most Excellent Order of the British Empire : Officer (Civ) (OBE) : GRI / GV Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.1)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657388Further ReferenceMilitary Cross (MC) GRI awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal, 28 Battalion, WW2 medal inscribed verso: 1941 Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.2)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657389Further Reference1939-45 Star Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal, WW2 (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.5)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657392Further ReferenceAfrica Star Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal, WW2 (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.6)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657393Further ReferenceDefence Medal 1939-45 Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal, WW2 (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.7)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657394Further ReferenceWar Medal 1939-45 Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal, WW2 (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.8)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657395Further ReferenceNZ War Service Medal 1939-45 Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal, WW2 (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.9)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657396Further ReferenceNZ Territorial Service Medal (type B) [George V] Medal awarded to Major Te Rangi K Royal description: medal inscribed: MAJ. R.ROYAL R. OF O (Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira, 2001.25.883.11)http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/collections-research/collections/record/am_humanhistory-object-657398Further ReferenceNew Zealand Herald, 20 March 1942, p.7http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=NZH194203184.108.40.206Further Reference'The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East.' (London Gazette, 19 March 1942, p.1261.). Bar to Military Cross.http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35492/supplements/1261Further Reference'The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards in recognition of distinguished services in the Middle East (including Egypt, East Africa, The Western Desert, The Sudan, Greece, Crete, Syria and Tobruk) during the period February 1941 to July 1941.' (London Gazette, 30 December 1941, p.7336.). Military Cross.http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35396/pages/7336Further ReferenceThe National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Royal, Rangi. (Ref. WO 373/27/425). Bar to Military Cross.http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D7362935Further ReferenceThe National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Royal, Rangi. (Ref. WO 373/27/425). Military Cross.http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D7362935Further ReferenceEvening Post, 7 October 1943, p.6http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19431007.2.86.1Further ReferencePassau, Victoria. Te Rangiataahua Kiniwe Royal. Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tāmaki Paenga Hira. First published: 10 February 2016. Updated: 5 April 2016.www.aucklandmuseum.com/war-memorial/online-cenotaph/features/te-rangiataahua-kiniwe-royalFurther Reference DocumentsNew Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1918). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume III. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM76: 23 AWMMSecond New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMMWW2 2: WW2 161 AWMMTe waka o-Tu (the war craft): on board H.M.T. Aquitania AWMM21 Battalion (Official history of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939-45) AWMMp.101. AWMMCody, J. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMpp.3-4, 5, 11, 37, 41, 49-50, 53, 58, 66, 83, 85, 93-4, 101, 103, 106-8, 114, 120-1, 126-7, 129-30, 139, 145-7, 151-2, 168-70. AWMMCody, J.F. (1961). New Zealand Engineers, Middle East. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMp.146. AWMMDavin, D. (1953). Crete. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMpp.112, 115-16, 124, 127-8, 136, 212, 216-17, 336, 382, 386, 393-5, 399. AWMMKay, R. (1958). 27 (Machine Gun) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMp.184. AWMMMcClymont, W. (1959). To Greece. Wellington, N.Z.: Department Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMp.258. AWMMMurphy, W.E. (1961). The relief of Tobruk. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMpp.327-8. AWMMRoss, A. (1959). 23 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMp.90. AWMMGardiner, W. (1992). Te mura o te Ahi = The story of the Maori Battalion. Auckland, N.Z.: Reed. AWMM Seen an error on this page? Tell us about it.