Arthur Plugge Unknown date of birth - Died 2 July 1934 PDF Print Share Key details Contribute › Service number12/1 AWMM Also known as ForceArmy AWMM Rank and unit at dischargeWW1 AWMMLieutenant Colonel AWMM WarWorld War I, 1914-1918 AWMM Lay a poppy Arthur Plugge - No known copyright restrictions AWMM View gallery Hide sources Show empty fields Identity About Contribute › Title ForenamesArthur AWMM SurnamePlugge AWMM Ingoa Also known as Service number12/1 AWMM GenderMale AWMM Iwi Hapū Waka Rohe Religion Images and documents Images Contribute › Documents Contribute › Civilian life About birth Contribute › Date of birth Place of birthThames, Coromandel District, Waikato, New Zealand AWMM Birth notesTapu, Thames, New Zealand AWMM Occupations Contribute › Occupation before enlistmentWW1 AWMM Post war occupation Next of kin Contribute › Address before enlistmentUnknown AWMMMarket Road, Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM Next of kin on embarkationMrs M.H. Plugge Market Road, Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM Relationship statusPre 16 October 1914 AWMMSingle AWMM Service Wars and conflicts Contribute › WarWorld War I, 1914-1918 AWMM Campaigns1915-1916 AWMMGallipoli AWMMGallipoli, Turkey AWMM ForceArmy AWMM Service number12/1 AWMM Military units Military service Miilitary decorations Contribute › Medals and AwardsMentioned in Despatches (MiD) Twice AWMM Training and Enlistment Contribute › Military training EnlistmentWW1 AWMMUnknown AWMMAuckland, New Zealand AWMM Age on enlistmentWW1 AWMM Embarkations Contribute › Embarkation detailsWW1 AWMM16 October 1914 AWMMAuckland, New Zealand AWMM16 Oct 1914-3 December 1914 AWMMHMNZT 8 AWMMAuckland, New Zealand, Suez, Egypt AWMMDepart - 16 Oct 1914, Arrival - 03 Dec 1914 AWMM Embarkation bodyWW1 AWMM16 October 1914 AWMMMain Body AWMMHeadquarters, Auckland Infantry Battalion AWMMLieutenant Colonel AWMM Prisoner of war Contribute › Capture details Days interned Liberation date POW liberation details POW serial number Medical history Contribute › Medical notes Last known rank Contribute › Last rankWW1 AWMM30 June 1918 AWMMLieutenant Colonel AWMM Biographical information Biographical information Contribute › Colonel Plugge (pronounced Pluggy) was a well known local identity in Thames district. He was also the Headmaster of Dilworth Ulster Institute in Epsom, Auckland from 1909-1914.Colonel Plugge has the distinction of being the first name on the Auckland Roll with the Regimental Number 12/1. In the Auckland district there were four infantry regiments: 3rd Auckland, 6th Hauraki, 15th North Auckland, and 16th Waikato. Each of the Regiments provided a Company and also certain specialists to form the Battalion for service overseas. The four companies of the Battalion thus formed retained the names and badges of the Territorial Regiments from which they were drawn. The organisation and commands were as follows: Commanding Officer - Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Plugge, Second in Command - Major Harrowett, Adjutant - Captain Alderman.The Battalion left New Zealand on 22 September 1914 but had to return because of the German Pacific Fleet in the area. On 11 October they sailed for Wellington to join the Expeditionary Force assembling there. At dawn on 16 October 1914 the transports departed for Hobart. From there they headed for Egypt and arrived at Alexandria on 3 December. The troops went to Zeitoun Camp. In April, on board the captured liner Lutzow they sailed for Gallipoli and the Auckland Battalion was the first New Zealand force to land on 25 April 1915. Colonel Plugge was struck by a flying fragment which lodged in his wrist. He was not badly wounded. The Battalion withdrew from Turkey on 20 December that year.Plugge's Plateau at Gallipoli was so named on the first day of fighting when Colonel Arthur Plugge 37 Commanding the Auckland Battalion, placed his headquarters there. To the Turks it became known as Hain Tepe or 'Treacherous Hill' because of the effect of the battery on them. (see Gallipoli a Battlefield Guide, p. 162)1st Auckland arrived in France on 16 April 1916At the Battle of the Somme in August 1916 Colonel Plugge was in command of the 1st New Zealand Infantry Brigade, the veterans of Anzac, who smashed the last line of the German defence. 1st Auckland took over 750 yards of the line. Of the 1500 men who went into battle, 300 were killed and 700 wounded. In spite of these high casualties it was regarded as a great victory.In December 1916 Colonel Plugge CMC was detached for special work in physical and recreational training.There is a cemetery in Turkey named after Lt. Col. Plugge called Plugge's Plateau Cemetery. This area was the headquarters of Lt. Col. Plugge during the Anzac landing.The Auckland Museum Library's manuscripts collection contains a school assignment outlining the military career of Arthur Plugge, researched and compiled by Richard Campbell, of Dilworth School. [Ref. MS 2002/140]Plugge's Plateau was captured by the 3rd Australian Infantry Brigade on the 25th April, 1915, and named later for Colonel A. Plugge, C.M.G., Commanding Auckland Battalion, whose Headquarters were there. It became a battery position, a reservoir, and a position on the "Inner Line" of defences, and on its Western slopes were the Anzac Headquarters. There are now over 20 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. The Cemetery covers an area of 198 square metres. Anzac is the midmost of the three areas into which the fighting on Gallipoli and the cemeteries on the Peninsula are divided. Plugge's Plateau (pronounced "Pluggy's") was the name given to the hill, 100 metres above sea level, to which the cliff rises from Ari Burnu. Plugge's Plateau Cemetery is on the north-west corner of the Plateau. (Source: http://www.gallipoli.gov.au/2visiting/plugges.html)Auckland War Memorial Museum Scars on the Heart WWI "The En Zeds " display case. Display item is a named photograph "From Auckland to the pryamids some of King's College old boys with the NZEF in Egypt", it was published in the Auckland Weekly News, 1 April 1915. AWMM Read more Death About death Contribute › Age at death57 AWMM Date of death2 July 1934 AWMM Cause of death Place of deathTaupiri, Waikato, New Zealand AWMM Death notesTaupiri, New Zealand AWMM Cemetery Contribute › Cemetery nameTaupiri Cemetery, Gordonton Road, Waikato, New Zealand AWMM Grave reference Memorial Contribute › Memorial nameRoll of Honour, Freemasons, Te Awamutu Lodge No. 2221 E.C., Ellerslie Masonic Centre, 9A Robert Street, Ellerslie, Auckland AWMM Memorial reference Obituary Roll of Honour Remember Arthur Plugge by laying a poppy. Henry James Pluck John Thomas Pluck Arthur Plugge Samuel Scoles Plumb Albert Plumley Lay a poppy for 2015 Leave a note Leave a tribute or memory of Arthur Plugge Leave a note Contribute › Processing Sources Sources Contribute › External linksMilitary personnel filehttp://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=20801776Archives NZNew Zealand Electronic Text Collection topic pagehttp://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/name-130077.htmlNZETC DocumentsNew Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMMPage No: 585 AWMMCampbell, Richard. 'Colonel Arthur Plugge : "The forgotten Man of Dilworth School"', 1999. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 2002/140. AWMM Seen an error on this page? Tell us about it.