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Raymond William Common

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Portrait of Corporal Raymond William Common, Auckland Weekly News, 11 February 1942. Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections AWNS-19420211-24-46. Image has no known copyright restrictions.
Portrait of Corporal Raymond William Common, Auckland Weekly … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Raymond William AWMM
  • Surname
    Common AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    WWII 32821 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    26 March 1917 AWMM HastingsHawkes Bay AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
  • Relationship status

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    Western Desert AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 32821 AWMM
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Military Medal (MM) AWMM
      4 November 1941 AWMM
      'On 24 April 1941, at HOLOS, Greece, when the Company was almost surrounded and under intense fire, volunteers were called for to take an order for withdrawal to the forward platoons. Private Common immediately volunteered and owing to his dash and daring the withdrawal was successfully accomplished. He subsequently did good work in rallying men under fire and waited behind to destroy a truck.'. (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Common, Raymond William. (Ref. WO 373/27/364). Military Medal. AWMM
    • Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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  • Embarkation details

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Son of John Dodd Common and Hilda Hannah Common, of Hastings, Hawke's Bay.

    'The next attack began about 6 p.m. with the Germans still underestimating the strength of the defence; in fact, the operation order stated that ‘a small enemy force is offering opposition to us.’ But the approach of the tanks along the highway and the particularly effective fire from some machine-gunners who had been sent to support the encircling movement beneath the cliffs made the C Company lines quite untenable. About 4.30 p.m. Lieutenant-Colonel Wilder ordered the company to withdraw and Private Common, under very heavy fire, took the instructions forward to 13 and 15 Platoons. By then they had very little chance of escaping. Some sections were pinned down by the machine-gun fire from the upper slopes; some were cut off by the Germans now occupying the pits from which 14 Platoon had withdrawn; and others suffered when the NZ artillery shortened its range to deal with the approaching tanks. The result was that by nightfall only a few men had rejoined the battalion. Pte R. W. Common, MM, m.i.d.; born NZ 26 Mar 1917; seedsman; killed in action 23 Nov 1941.; 25 Battalion - The two forward platoons of C Company, 15 and 13, kept the enemy pinned down 200 yards away by rifle and Bren-gun fire while the 3-inch mortars maintained a steady fire on the scrub-covered area which sheltered them. The enemy continued to infiltrate on the high ground behind the left of C Company, ground which 7 MG Platoon could not engage because of an intervening ridge. About 4.30 Major Satterthwaite, after telephone discussions with Williams and George (A Company), instructed C Company to withdraw and report to Major George; it was to reorganise behind A Company headquarters and the two companies were then to hold a defensive position. Instructions were sent to 13 and 15 Platoons and the two forward sections of 14 Platoon by Private Common, who volunteered to take a message. The citation for the Military Medal he was awarded explains the situation:

    ‘On the 24th April, 1941, at Molos, when the coy was almost surrounded and under intense fire, volunteers were called for to take an order for the withdrawal to the fwd pls. Pte Common immediately volunteered, and owing to his dash and daring, the withdrawal was accomplished. Pte Common subsequently did good work in rallying men under fire and volunteered again to wait behind to destroy a truck, a task which he also successfully accomplished.’' (Source: McClymont, W.G. To Greece. p. 389.; Puttick, E. 25 Battalion. p. 56.) AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    23 November 1941 AWMM
    Age 24 AWMM
    Western DesertNorth Africa AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Knightsbridge War Cemetery, Acroma, Libya AWMM 14. J. 25. AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
    • Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
      http://www.cwgc.org
      Sources Used
    • 'The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the undermentioned awards in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East.' (London Gazette, 4 November 1941, p.6359.). Military Medal.
      http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35333/supplements/6359
      Further Reference
    • 'On 24 April 1941, at HOLOS, Greece, when the Company was almost surrounded and under intense fire, volunteers were called for to take an order for withdrawal to the forward platoons. Private Common immediately volunteered and owing to his dash and daring the withdrawal was successfully accomplished. He subsequently did good work in rallying men under fire and waited behind to destroy a truck.'. (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Common, Raymond William. (Ref. WO 373/27/364). Military Medal.
      http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D7362874
      Further Reference
  • Documents
    • McClymont, W. (1959). To Greece. Wellington, N.Z.: Department Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      p.389. AWMM
    • Puttick, E. (1960). 25 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      p.56. AWMM
    • Common, R. (2004). Drawn to war : a soldier's diary. Hastings, N.Z: Avlona Press. AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 3 (Embarkations from 1st July, 1940 to 31st March, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      p.95 AWMM