William James Hardham Born 31 July 1876 - Died 13 April 1928 PDF Print Share Key details Service number1251 AWMM11/661 AWMM Also known as ForceArmy AWMM Last rankPre WW1 Farrier Sergeant Major AWMMNew Zealand Mounted Rifles AWMMWW1 Major AWMMWellington Mounted Rifles AWMM WarSouth African War, 1899-1902 AWMMWorld War I, 1914-1918 AWMM Portrait - No known copyright restrictions AWMM View gallery Hide sources Show empty fields Identity About Title ForenamesWilliam James AWMM SurnameHardham AWMM Ingoa Also known as Service number1251 AWMM11/661 AWMM GenderMale AWMM Iwi Hapū Waka Rohe Religion Images and documents Images Contribute › Documents Contribute › Civilian life About birth Date of birth31 July 1876 AWMM Place of birthWellington, New Zealand AWMM Birth notesWellington, New Zealand AWMM Occupation before enlistmentSouth Africa Blacksmith and farrier AWMMSouth Africa Blacksmith and farrier AWMMWW1 Blacksmith AWMMWW1 Blacksmith AWMM Post war occupationDominion Newspaper, Wellington AWMMPublic Works Employee AWMMRSA manager AWMM Address before enlistmentUnknown 5 Oxford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMMUnknown 10 Riddiford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMMUnknown 21 Riddlers Crescent, Petone, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM Next of kin on embarkationMr George Hardham (father), 5 Oxford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMMMrs George Hardham (father), 10 Riddiford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMMMr George Hardham (father), 10 Cardall Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMMMrs Constance Evelyn Hardham (wife), 26 Ohiro Road, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM Relationship statusPre 31 Mar 1900 Single AWMMPre 19 Mar 1902 Single AWMMPre 16 Oct 1914 Single AWMMPre 21 Feb 1918 Married AWMM Service Wars and conflicts WarSouth African War, 1899-1902 AWMMWorld War I, 1914-1918 AWMM CampaignsCape Colony AWMMNatal Province, South Africa, Africa AWMM24 May 1900-31 May 1902 Transvaal AWMMTransvaal, South Africa, Africa AWMMRhodesia AWMMRhodesia AWMM1915-1916 Gallipoli AWMMGallipoli, Turkey AWMMSinai & Palestine AWMM1914-1916 Egypt AWMM ForceArmy AWMM Service number1251 AWMM11/661 AWMM Military serviceCadets (from 1891) AWMMWellington Naval Artillery Volunteers (1895) AWMMPetone Naval Artillery Volunteers AWMMCoronation Contingent AWMM Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers Miilitary decorations Medals and AwardsVictoria Cross (VC) AWMMVC. London Gazette, 4 October 1901. "On 28 January 1901, near Naauwpoort, this non-commissioned officer was with a section which was extended and hotly engaged with a party of about twenty Boers. Just before the force commenced to retire, Trooper McCrae was wounded, and his horse killed. Farrier Sergeant Major Hardham at once went, under a heavy fire, to his assistance, dismounted, and placed him on his own horse, and ran alongside until he had guided him to a place of safety." AWMMQueen's South Africa Medal (Cape Colony, Rhodesia, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902 clasps) AWMMMentioned in Despatches (MiD) AWMM1914-1915 Star AWMMBritish War Medal (1914-1920) AWMMVictory Medal with oak leaf AWMMColonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal AWMMNew Zealand Volunteer Service Medal AWMMNew Zealand Long and Efficient Service Medal AWMM Training and Enlistment Military training EnlistmentSouth Africa Wellington, New Zealand AWMMSouth Africa Unknown AWMMWellington, New Zealand AWMMWW1 Unknown AWMMWW1 Unknown AWMM Age on enlistment Embarkations Embarkation detailsSouth Africa Vessel was Gymeric AWMMFarrier Sergeant AWMM4 Contingent, 7 Company AWMMNew Zealand Mounted Rifles, 4th Contingent (Rough Riders) AWMMSouth Africa Vessel was Devon AWMMLieutenant AWMM9 Contingent, H Squadron AWMMNew Zealand Mounted Rifles, 9th Contingent AWMMWW1 16 October 1914 AWMM from Wellington, New Zealand AWMM HMNZT 6 or HMNZT 10 AWMMVessel was Orari or Arawa AWMMCaptain AWMMWellington Mounted Rifles AWMM2nd Reinforcements AWMMWW1 21 Feb 1918-4 April 1918 AWMM to Suez, Egypt AWMM Moeraki 21 February 1918 AWMMVessel was Moeraki AWMMCaptain AWMM35th Reinforcements, Mounted Rifles Brigade AWMMNew Zealand Expeditionary Force AWMM Prisoner of war Capture details Days interned Liberation date POW liberation details POW serial number Medical history Medical notesHospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM30 May 1915 : Wounded at Gallipoli AWMMHospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMMJanuary 1919: Invalided to New Zealand , suffering from malaria AWMM Last known rank Last rankPre WW1 Farrier Sergeant Major AWMMNew Zealand Mounted Rifles AWMMWW1 Major AWMMWellington Mounted Rifles AWMM Biographical information Biographical information Son of George Hardham and Ann GregoryMarried in 1913 to Constance Evelyn Parsonson, she died 5 June 1960, age 73.He enlisted twice for the Boer War.He was the first man in New Zealand to receive the Victoria Cross during the Boer War and received it from King Edward VII on 1 July 1902 in London.Rescued Trooper J. McRae (Service number 1301) near Naauwpoort, Transvaal, 28 January 19101911 he resided at Fitzherbert Street, Hutt, Wellington, his occupation a blacksmith1914 August he was recalled for Expeditionary Force service, promoted to Captain and attached to Queen Alexandra's 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Squadron, Wellington Mounted RiflesIn WWI he was in Egypt and Gallipoli, rank of Captain, with the Wellington Mounted Rifles. Left for Gallipoli on 9 May 1915. Wounded at Gallipoli 30 May 1915. Returned to New Zealand (February 1916)February 1918: embarked for Egypt (rank of Major) in command of the 35 and 36 (Mounted) ReinforcementsApril to October 1918 : Palestine, rank of Major ( 15 May 1918 )with the 35 Mounted Rifle ReinforcementsCommandant of the Desert Corps Rest Camp in CairoJanuary 1919 : invalided to New Zealand suffering from MalariaMoeraki then transhipped to "Ormonde" at Sydney for Suez. His medals are held by the National Army Museum, Waiouru, New Zealand.Auckland Museum Boer War "Sieges, Shrapnel and Scalpels " display. AWMM Read more Death About death Age at death51 AWMM Date of death13 April 1928 AWMM Cause of death Place of deathWellington, New Zealand AWMM Death notes82 Fairlie Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM Cemetery nameKarori Cemetery, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM Grave referenceArea 11 Block AA Row 03 Plot 062 AWMM Memorial nameDunedin, Victoria Cross winners' plaque, Queens Gardens, Dunedin, New Zealand AWMM Memorial reference Obituary Sources Sources External linksmilitary personnel files - VC & George Cross holders Army War medals and decorations indexes and registershttp://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=22311763Archives NZmilitary personnel files - VC & George Cross holders Army War medals and decorations indexes and registershttp://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=22311763Archives NZNational Archives of New Zealand, National Collection of War Art. Portrait.http://warart.archives.govt.nz/node/238Further ReferenceNZ History online database of New Zealand embarkations for the Boer Warhttp://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/new-zealand-in-the-south-african-boer-war/databaseFurther ReferenceDictionary of New Zealand Biography. Published on Te Ara, The Encyclopedia of New Zealand online.http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/3h7/1Further ReferenceMinistry for Culture and Heritage, NZ History online. Dunedin RSA building, formerly site of the VC winners' plaque.http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/media/photo/dunedin-rsa-war-memorialFurther Reference DocumentsBryant, G.A. (1972). Where the prize is highest : the stories of the New Zealanders who won the Victoria Cross. Auckland, N.Z.: Collins. AWMMVolunteers: the Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society AWMMNew Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMMVol1: 301 AWMMNew Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume IV. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM79: 2 AWMMBryant, G.A. (1972). Where the prize is highest : the stories of the New Zealanders who won the Victoria Cross. Auckland, N.Z.: Collins. AWMMBryant, G.A. (1972), pp. 25-27, includes photo AWMMVolunteers: the Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society AWMMThe Boer War VC: William James Hardham. The Volunteers. Vol 25 No. 2 p. 76-78 AWMMSanders, J. (1974). New Zealand VC winners : the story of New Zealand servicemen who won the greatest honour for valour on the battlefield. Auckland, N.Z.: Wilson and Horton. AWMMHarper, G., & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z.: HarperCollins NZ. AWMMHarper, G. & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: HarperCollins NZ.p.29-30,60, 64-66, 227, 232 AWMMThe Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, England: This England. AWMMThe Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). p. 139 AWMM Seen an error on this page? Tell us about it.