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Online Cenotaph

William James Hardham

-
  • Service number
    • South African 1251 AWMM
    • WWI 11/661 AWMM
  • Also known as
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Last rank
    • Pre WW1 Farrier Sergeant Major AWMM
      New Zealand Mounted Rifles AWMM
    • WW1 Major AWMM
      Wellington Mounted Rifles AWMM
  • War
    • South African War, 1899-1902 AWMM
    • World War I, 1914-1918 AWMM
Portrait - No known copyright restrictions
Portrait - No known copyright restrictions AWMM

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    William James AWMM
  • Surname
    Hardham AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    • South African 1251 AWMM
    • WWI 11/661 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Date of birth
    31 July 1876 AWMM
  • Place of birth
    Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Birth notes
    Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
    • South Africa Blacksmith and farrier AWMM
    • South Africa Blacksmith and farrier AWMM
    • WW1 Blacksmith AWMM
    • WW1 Blacksmith AWMM
  • Post war occupation
    • Dominion Newspaper, Wellington AWMM
    • Public Works Employee AWMM
    • RSA manager AWMM
  • Address before enlistment
    • Unknown 5 Oxford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Unknown 10 Riddiford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Unknown 21 Riddlers Crescent, Petone, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    • Mr George Hardham (father), 5 Oxford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Mrs George Hardham (father), 10 Riddiford Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Mr George Hardham (father), 10 Cardall Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Mrs Constance Evelyn Hardham (wife), 26 Ohiro Road, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    • Pre 31 Mar 1900 Single AWMM
    • Pre 19 Mar 1902 Single AWMM
    • Pre 16 Oct 1914 Single AWMM
    • Pre 21 Feb 1918 Married AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
    • South African War, 1899-1902 AWMM
    • World War I, 1914-1918 AWMM
  • Campaign
    • Cape Colony AWMM
      Natal Province, South Africa, Africa AWMM
    • 24 May 1900-31 May 1902 Transvaal AWMM
      Transvaal, South Africa, Africa AWMM
    • Rhodesia AWMM
      Rhodesia AWMM
    • 1915-1916 Gallipoli AWMM
      Gallipoli, Turkey AWMM
    • Sinai & Palestine AWMM
    • 1914-1916 Egypt AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    • South African 1251 AWMM
    • WWI 11/661 AWMM
  • Military service
    • Cadets (from 1891) AWMM
    • Wellington Naval Artillery Volunteers (1895) AWMM
    • Petone Naval Artillery Volunteers AWMM
    • Coronation Contingent AWMM
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Victoria Cross (VC) AWMM
      VC. London Gazette, 4 October 1901. "On 28 January 1901, near Naauwpoort, this non-commissioned officer was with a section which was extended and hotly engaged with a party of about twenty Boers. Just before the force commenced to retire, Trooper McCrae was wounded, and his horse killed. Farrier Sergeant Major Hardham at once went, under a heavy fire, to his assistance, dismounted, and placed him on his own horse, and ran alongside until he had guided him to a place of safety." AWMM
    • Queen's South Africa Medal (Cape Colony, Rhodesia, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902 clasps) AWMM
    • Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) AWMM
    • 1914-1915 Star AWMM
    • British War Medal (1914-1920) AWMM
    • Victory Medal with oak leaf AWMM
    • Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal AWMM
    • New Zealand Volunteer Service Medal AWMM
    • New Zealand Long and Efficient Service Medal AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    • South Africa Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • South Africa Unknown AWMM
      Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • WW1 Unknown AWMM
    • WW1 Unknown AWMM
  • Age on enlistment

    Embarkations

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    • Embarkation details
      • South Africa Vessel was Gymeric AWMM
        Farrier Sergeant AWMM
        4 Contingent, 7 Company AWMM
        New Zealand Mounted Rifles, 4th Contingent (Rough Riders) AWMM
      • South Africa Vessel was Devon AWMM
        Lieutenant AWMM
        9 Contingent, H Squadron AWMM
        New Zealand Mounted Rifles, 9th Contingent AWMM
      • WW1 16 October 1914 AWMM from Wellington, New Zealand AWMM HMNZT 6 or HMNZT 10 AWMM
        Vessel was Orari or Arawa AWMM
        Captain AWMM
        Wellington Mounted Rifles AWMM
        2nd Reinforcements AWMM
      • WW1 21 Feb 1918-4 April 1918 AWMM to Suez, Egypt AWMM Moeraki 21 February 1918 AWMM
        Vessel was Moeraki AWMM
        Captain AWMM
        35th Reinforcements, Mounted Rifles Brigade AWMM
        New Zealand Expeditionary Force AWMM

    Prisoner of war

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    • Capture details
    • Days interned
    • Liberation date
    • POW liberation details
    • POW serial number

    Medical history

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    • Medical notes
      • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM
        30 May 1915 : Wounded at Gallipoli AWMM
      • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM
        January 1919: Invalided to New Zealand , suffering from malaria AWMM

    Last known rank

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    • Last rank
      • Pre WW1 Farrier Sergeant Major AWMM
        New Zealand Mounted Rifles AWMM
      • WW1 Major AWMM
        Wellington Mounted Rifles AWMM

    Biographical information

    Biographical information

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    • Son of George Hardham and Ann Gregory

      Married in 1913 to Constance Evelyn Parsonson, she died 5 June 1960, age 73.

      He enlisted twice for the Boer War.

      He was the first man in New Zealand to receive the Victoria Cross during the Boer War and received it from King Edward VII on 1 July 1902 in London.

      Rescued Trooper J. McRae (Service number 1301) near Naauwpoort, Transvaal, 28 January 1910

      1911 he resided at Fitzherbert Street, Hutt, Wellington, his occupation a blacksmith

      1914 August he was recalled for Expeditionary Force service, promoted to Captain and attached to Queen Alexandra's 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Squadron, Wellington Mounted Rifles

      In WWI he was in Egypt and Gallipoli, rank of Captain, with the Wellington Mounted Rifles. Left for Gallipoli on 9 May 1915. Wounded at Gallipoli 30 May 1915. Returned to New Zealand (February 1916)

      February 1918: embarked for Egypt (rank of Major) in command of the 35 and 36 (Mounted) Reinforcements

      April to October 1918 : Palestine, rank of Major ( 15 May 1918 )with the 35 Mounted Rifle Reinforcements

      Commandant of the Desert Corps Rest Camp in Cairo

      January 1919 : invalided to New Zealand suffering from Malaria

      Moeraki then transhipped to "Ormonde" at Sydney for Suez. His medals are held by the National Army Museum, Waiouru, New Zealand.

      Auckland Museum Boer War "Sieges, Shrapnel and Scalpels " display. AWMM
    Read more

    Death

    About death

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    • Age at death
      51 AWMM
    • Date of death
      13 April 1928 AWMM
    • Cause of death
    • Place of death
      Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Death notes
      82 Fairlie Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Cemetery name
      Karori Cemetery, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
    • Grave reference
      Area 11 Block AA Row 03 Plot 062 AWMM
    • Memorial name
      Dunedin, Victoria Cross winners' plaque, Queens Gardens, Dunedin, New Zealand AWMM
    • Memorial reference
    • Obituary

    Roll of Honour

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    Leave a note

    Leave a tribute or memory of William James Hardham

    Leave a note

    Contribute ›
    • In memory of his courage and loyalty.
      Public - William - Other Relative - 22 April 2015

    Sources

    Sources

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    • External links
    • Documents
      • Bryant, G.A. (1972). Where the prize is highest : the stories of the New Zealanders who won the Victoria Cross. Auckland, N.Z.: Collins. AWMM
      • Volunteers: the Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society AWMM
      • New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
        Vol1: 301 AWMM
      • New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume IV. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
        79: 2 AWMM
      • Bryant, G.A. (1972). Where the prize is highest : the stories of the New Zealanders who won the Victoria Cross. Auckland, N.Z.: Collins. AWMM
        Bryant, G.A. (1972), pp. 25-27, includes photo AWMM
      • Volunteers: the Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society AWMM
        The Boer War VC: William James Hardham. The Volunteers. Vol 25 No. 2 p. 76-78 AWMM
      • Sanders, J. (1974). New Zealand VC winners : the story of New Zealand servicemen who won the greatest honour for valour on the battlefield. Auckland, N.Z.: Wilson and Horton. AWMM
      • Harper, G., & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z.: HarperCollins NZ. AWMM
        Harper, G. & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: HarperCollins NZ.p.29-30,60, 64-66, 227, 232 AWMM
      • The Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, England: This England. AWMM
        The Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). p. 139 AWMM
      • Beattie, P.J. & Pomeroy, M. (2013-2015). Onward : portraits of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (vols 1-3). Auckland, New Zealand: Fair Dinkum Publications AWMM
        Vol. 2: Includes portrait AWMM
      • Stowers, R. (2009). Rough riders at war : history of New Zealand's involvement in the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902 and information on all members of the 10 New Zealand contingents. Hamilton, N.Z.: R. Stowers. AWMM

    Contributors

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    Add new record Refresh
    DateNameLocationRelationshipContact
    11 August 2017JeniferWairarapaResearcher
    22 April 2015WilliamAuckland NZOther Relative