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Arthur Coningham

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Colour portrait of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, in Italy, January 1944. RAF Photographer. IWM TR1497. Image may be subject to copyright restrictions.
Colour portrait of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, in Ital … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Arthur AWMM
  • Surname
    Coningham AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    Arthur Mary Coningham AWMM
  • Service number
    • 1/456 AWMM
    • 7/1177 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    11 March 1895 AWMM BrisbaneQueensland AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    WW1 Pre 5 August 1914 AWMM Maungahuia, Dannevirke, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    WW1 Mrs A. Coningham (mother), 123 Cuba Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Pre 15 August 1914 AWMM Single AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    WW1 5 August 1914 AWMM
    Age 19 AWMM
    Farmer/Civilian AWMM
    AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM
      Contracted typhoid fever in 1916 AWMM
    • Wounds Diseases Etc., WWI AWMM
      Wounded in action twice with the Royal Flying Corps AWMM
    • 29 January 1948 AWMMKilled in Air Accident, Cause of Death AWMM
      Coningham disappeared when G-AHNP Star Tiger was lost off the east coast of the United States on route to Bermuda. AWMM

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Although Coningham was born in Australia, he was raised in New Zealand.

    Educated Terrace School and Wellington College.

    Joined the New Zealand forces on the outbreak of war in 1914. He first served with the Wellington Regiment in Samoa

    Later he ended up at Gallipoli with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles. At some point in 1916, he contracted typhoid fever, invalided and was discharged from the NZEF.

    Determined not to sit out the rest of the war, after he had sufficiently recovered, he traveled to England and joined the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) late in 1916.

    Flight Commander with 32 Squadron, RFC in 1917.

    Officer Commanding (OC) of 92 Squadron, RFC, in 1918.

    The actual number of enemy aircraft he shot down in WWI differs depending on the source. According to Haigh & Polaschek, it was only 9 confirmed victories; according to the Aerodrome.com website, it was 14; and according to the RAF Web biography, it was 19. The Aerodrome.com website gives a detailed list of his victories.

    Air Officer Commanding (AOC) of 4 Group, Bomber Command, Royal Air Force (RAF) 1939-41.

    AOC 1 Tactical Air Force (TAF), North Africa, Sicily, Italy, 1943-44.

    Coningham appeared on the cover of Time Magazine on 14 August 1944.

    AOC 2 TAF, invasion of northwest Europe and Germany, 1944-45.

    Commander-in-Chief of Flying Training Command, RAF, 1945-47.

    While en route to Bermuda on board a British South American Airways flight, the aircraft on which Coningham was travelling, BSAAC "Star Tiger", disappeared in the area known as the Bermuda Triangle. On board the "Star Tiger" was fellow NZer Brian McMillan (see separate Cenotaph record for more information).

    Date of death may have been 29 January or 30 January 1948.

    Haigh & Polaschek give Coningham's birthdate as 19 January 1895. Other sources give his birthdate as 11 March 1895. AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    29 January 1948 AWMM
    Age 52 AWMM
    AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Haigh, J., Polaschek, A. (Eds.). (1993). New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. Christchurch, N.Z.: Authors. AWMM
    • New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      Vol1: 143 AWMM
    • Orange, V. (1990). Coningham: a Biography of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham. London, England: Methuen. AWMM
    • Thompson, H. (1956). New Zealanders with the Royal Air Force (Vols. 1-3). Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      volume 2. AWMM
    • Beattie, P.J. & Pomeroy, M. (2013-2015). Onward : portraits of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (vols 1-3). Auckland, New Zealand: Fair Dinkum Publications AWMM
      Vol. 2: Includes portrait AWMM