Collection of Auckland War Memorial Museum Tamaki Paenga Hira, N2593
French Italian Campaign Medal 1859
Medal instituted on 11th August 1859, awarded to members of the French expedition into Italy during the 2nd Italian War of Independence.
The medal lists the following key battles:
Montebello, 20 May 1859
Palestro,30 May 1859
Turbigo, 3 June 1859
Magenta, 4 June 1859
Marignan (Melegnano), 8 June 1859
Solferino. 21-24 June 1859.
During this war, also referred to as the Franco-Austrian War of 1859, an alliance was formed between the French, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the United Provinces of Central Italy to take up arms against Austria which controlled the regions of Lombardy and Tuscany and Venetia. The key leaders against Austria were Napoleon III, King Vittorio Emanuele II of Sardinia and Guiseppe Garibaldi. The outcome of this phase of the war was the Armistice of Villafranca which came into force on 11th July 1859. Guiseppe Garibaldi then launched his campaign against the Two Sicilies, followed by engagements with Neapolitan forces and the Papal States. The outcome was the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy (containing all of Italy except Venetia and the area around Rome) in March 1861 with Vittorio Emanuel proclaimed as king.
Italian 2nd War of Independence
29 Apr 1859-11 July 1859
29 April 1859 to 11 July 1859
BARRE (medallist's name)
- 1 - medal diameter : 34mm
(medal diameter: 31.5mm)
- 2 - ribbon width : 40mm
- 0 - Whole length : 84mm
9 August 2016
Images and documents
The development of the Auckland War Memorial Museum online collection is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.