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medal, campaign

On display
Object / Artefact › History
  • Other titles
    • French Italian Campaign Medal 1859 (descriptive name)
    • Medaille d'Italie, 1859
  • Description
    French Italian Campaign Medal 1859
    circular silver medal; loose ring suspender; with ribbon
    obverse: laureate head of Napoleon III facing left; legend: NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR within a bound olive wreath
    reverse: legend within bound olive wreath: CAMPAGNE D'ITALIE with date below: 1859; inscription at centre in six lines: MONTEBELLO / PALESTRO / TURBIGO / MAGENTA / MARIGNAN / SOLFERINO
    markings:
    obverse: medallist's name under head: BARRE
    ribbon: red with five narrow white stripes
    medallist: Albert Désiré Barre (Paris 6 May 1818 - 29 December 1878)
  • Place
  • Other Number
    N2593
  • Collection area
  • Item count
    1
  • Display location
    3G
  • Record richness
medal, campaign, N2593, Photographed by: Rohan Mills, photographer, digital, 07 Feb 2017, © Auckland Museum CC BY
medal, campaign, N2593, Photographed by: Rohan Mills,… … Read more

Artefact

  • Credit
    Collection of Auckland War Memorial Museum Tamaki Paenga Hira, N2593
  • Notes
    French Italian Campaign Medal 1859
    Medal instituted on 11th August 1859, awarded to members of the French expedition into Italy during the 2nd Italian War of Independence.

    The medal lists the following key battles:
    Montebello, 20 May 1859
    Palestro,30 May 1859
    Turbigo, 3 June 1859
    Magenta, 4 June 1859
    Marignan (Melegnano), 8 June 1859
    Solferino. 21-24 June 1859.

    During this war, also referred to as the Franco-Austrian War of 1859, an alliance was formed between the French, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the United Provinces of Central Italy to take up arms against Austria which controlled the regions of Lombardy and Tuscany and Venetia. The key leaders against Austria were Napoleon III, King Vittorio Emanuele II of Sardinia and Guiseppe Garibaldi. The outcome of this phase of the war was the Armistice of Villafranca which came into force on 11th July 1859. Guiseppe Garibaldi then launched his campaign against the Two Sicilies, followed by engagements with Neapolitan forces and the Papal States. The outcome was the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy (containing all of Italy except Venetia and the area around Rome) in March 1861 with Vittorio Emanuel proclaimed as king.
  • Event
    1859-1861
    Italian 2nd War of Independence
  • Person
  • Place
  • Date
    29 Apr 1859-11 July 1859
    29 April 1859 to 11 July 1859
  • Production
    Barre, Albert Desire (medallist)
    [France]Europe
    [1859]
    Italian 2nd War of Independence, Italian Wars of Independence, wars
    Napoleon III (1852 - 1870), French reign
  • Signature/marks
    BARRE  (medallist's name)
  • Consists of
  • Dimensions
    • 1 - medal diameter : 34mm
      (medal diameter: 31.5mm)
    • 2 - ribbon width : 40mm
    • 0 - Whole length : 84mm
  • Classification
  • Record created
    9 August 2016

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