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A journal of a voyage to the South Seas in His Majesty's ship the Endeavour

documentary heritage
  • Other Name

    Parkinson's voyage--spine title (Alternate title)

  • Description

    "Preface (p.v-xxiii), though signed by Stanfield Parkinson, written by William Kenrick. Sydney Parkinson, one of Banks's two botanical artists, supposedly kept a full journal which was lost after the writer's death on the homeward voyage. His brother Stanfield Parkinson, with the help of Dr. Wm. Kenrick, assembled a narrative from Sydney's papers which were lent to him by Banks with an implicit understanding that publication was not to be contemplated.

    On the book's appearance an injunction by the High Court of Chancery prohibited further distribution until after the publication of Hawkesworth's narrative. In the preface the compilers made libellous and unfounded charges against Banks. Beaglehole (C1430 p.ccliii-cclv) gives examples of numerous factual errors in the text and states that only a few copies were sold.

    New Zealand: p.86-131, (p.126-8 Vocabulary, p.128-131 a description of the artifacts in plate XXVI). Plates XIV-XXVI on New Zealand subjects, plate XXV being Map of the Coast of New Zealand. Although physically the most impressive of the unofficial narratives the work's merit lies in its sidelights on incidents during the voyage. Dr. John Fothergill, a Quaker, as were the Parkinsons, a friend of Banks and a mediator in the dispute, subsequently bought the balance of the edition, about 400 copies. In his 'Explanatory Remarks on the Preface' he recounted objectively the circumstances regarding the dispute over the ownerships of Sydney Parkinson's effects, vindicating Banks and explaining his own role. The 2nd. edition, however, was only issued after Fothergill's own death, by his editor J. C. Lettsom. Reissued 1784 with new title page and collation:

    2 p.l., iii-xxiii, 22, 212, Ixxi, [213]-353p., 1 1. front, (port.) 29 plates (2 ports, 3 maps) 35cm. Contents of additional material: 'Advertisement' signed John Coakley Lettsom, June 1, 1784 (second preliminary leaf); 'Explanatory remarks on the Preface to Sydney Parkinson's Journal of a voyage to the South-Seas by John Fothergill, M.D. F.R.S.' (p. [1]-18); 'Postscript', unsigned letter to the publisher of the Monthly Review, (p.[19]-22); 'Preface to the additional part; chiefly extracts from Byron, Wallis, Carteret and Bougainville, (p.[i]-lxxi); 'Appendix, containing an account of Captain Cooke's [sic] second voyage in his Majesty's Ship the Resolution, (p.[213]-313); An abridgment of the narrative of a voyage performed by Captain Cook and Captain Clerke . . . 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779 . . ., from Ellis, p.[314]-353. Additional maps of Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Half of copies seen have coloured plates. Some copies have Errata leaf bound in following p.212.

    No copy seen of either issue with the additional [4]p. of an unsigned note, letter from Sydney Parkinson dated 16 October 1770 to Mrs Jane Gomeldon, her reply of 28 May 1771 and her poem addressed to Parkinson and his friends on their return. (See Holmes 49; Du Rietz BK 944-5). BM records a copy of the first issue with Fothergill essay bound in, dating it 1777?; NUC records one copy of the Fothergill as a separate in original blue paper covers though signatures (d-i) indicate insertion after the Preface."--Bagnall, 4466.

  • Place
  • Other Id

    G926.C66 PAR 1784 (Library of Congress Call Number)

    35112 (Cat ID)

    62783 (DBTextworks system ID)

    27900 (Presto content ID)

  • Department

Images and documents


  • Object Type
  • Name/Title
    A journal of a voyage to the South Seas in His Majesty's ship the Endeavour
  • Other Name

    Parkinson's voyage--spine title (Alternate title)

  • Primary Maker
  • Contributor/Publisher
    Printed for Charles Dilly ... and James Phillips ...
  • Place
  • Date
  • Physical Description

    [2], xxiii, [1], 22, 212, lxxi pages, [213]-353, [3] pages, 27 leaves of plates : illustrations, maps (some colour) ; 34 cm.

  • Language
  • Collection
  • Level of Current Record
    Bib record
  • Member Object

    1 item in this collection. View all items.

  • Related Object Notes
    MS-2000-5 Catalogue of the Mackelvie Collection of Books and Pamphlets
    MUS-1995-38-86 Museum correspondence - Mackelvie, James Tannock
    N5297 CAT Catalogue of the Mackelvie Collection for Auckland, New Zealand
  • Edition/State/Version
    [2nd edition]
  • Subject Category
  • Content
    PART I.
    Comprehending the occurrences that happened from the ship's departure from England to its arrival in the South-Seas; particularly
    The descriptions of the country and natives of Terra del Fuego Page
    Arrival at and description of the islands and natives of Otaheite
    Observation of the transit of Venus
    Table of the rise and fall of the thermometer during the ship's stay at Otaheite
    Descriptive catalogue of plants, medical, culinary, &c. found on that island
    Vocabulary of the language of Otaheite, with remarks
    Description of the country and natives of Yoolee-Etea, with the neighbouring islands
    Description and delineation of the various warlike and domestic implements of Otaheite and the adjacent isles
    PART II.
    Comprehending the occurrences met with from leaving Yoolee-Etea to the time of the ship's departure from the coast of New-Zealand.
    Views of the-head-lands and delineations of the coast, country, and inhabitants, of New-Zealand
    Description of the chiefs, warriors, and war-canoes, &c. of New-Zealand
    Picturesque view on the coast
    Singular head-dresses of the natives
    Map of the coast of New-Zealand
    Vocabulary of the New-Zealand tongue
    Description and delineation of the military weapons and household implements, personal ornaments, &c. of New-Zealand
    Comprehending the incidents that happened from the time of the ship's leaving New-Zealand, to its arrival at and departure from Batavia for Europe.
    Account of the country, natives, and natural produce, of New- Holland
    Vocabulary of the language of New-Holland
    Vocabulary of the language of the natives of the island of Savoo
    Description of the city, inhabitants, customs, and persons trading to Batavia.
  • Public Access Text

    [Keywords: Rare books--18th century]

    The preface to Sydney Parkinson's Journal was drawn up after his death, at the request of his brother, Stanfield Parkinson, the original editor, by the late Dr. Kenrick ... - page [ii]. Listed in: Bibliography of Captain James Cook, R.N., F.R.S., circumnavigator. 2nd ed. Sydney : Library of New South Wales, 1970. No. 714. Bookbinder's spine title: Parkinson's voyage. ESTC, T110808 Hocken, pages 12-13.

  • Associated Notes

    Full text available to read through New Zealand Electronic Text Collection (NZETC) (Accessed 22.6.2022)

  • Subject Notes
    Sydney Parkinson (c. 1745 - 26 January 1771) was a Scottish botanical illustrator and natural history artist. He was the first European artist to visit Australia, New Zealand and Tahiti. Parkinson was the first Quaker to visit New Zealand.
    Joseph Banks employed Parkinson to travel with him on James Cook's first voyage to the Pacific in 1768, in HMS Endeavour. Parkinson made nearly a thousand drawings of plants and animals collected by Banks and Daniel Solander on the voyage. He had to work in difficult conditions, living and working in a small cabin surrounded by hundreds of specimens. In Tahiti he was plagued by swarms of flies which ate the paint as he worked. He died at sea on the way to Cape Town of dysentery contracted at Princes' Island off the western end of Java.--Wikipedia, retrieved February 2020.
    A fuller biography of Sydney Parkinson in the Australian Dictionary of Biography, see link in this record.
  • Collection Type
    Reserve Collection - Outsize
  • Copyright
    All rights reserved
  • Last Update
    19 Dec 2023
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