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James Whatman Barnard


  • Title
  • Forenames
    James Whatman AWMM
  • Surname
    Barnard AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    James Whitman AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 1180 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    • WW2 Pre 1941 AWMM 16 Shelly Beach Rd., Herne Bay, Auckland AWMM
    • Jayforce Pre 1946-1948 AWMM 16 Shelly Beach Rd., Herne Bay, Auckland AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    • WW2 Mrs. R. Barnard, 16 Shelly Beach Rd., Herne Bay, Auckland (m) AWMM
    • Jayforce Mrs. R. Barnard, 16 Shelly Beach Rd., Herne Bay, Auckland (m) AWMM
  • Relationship status


Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Military Medal (MM) AWMM
      "During the period 17-21 March 1944, Tpr Barnard was a member of a smoke laying party in the Cassino area who were responsible for smoking the bridge across the Rapido. Throughout the whole period, the area was in direct observation from the enemy and was constantly rake by MG and artillery fire throughout. Tpr Barnard showed a complete disregard for his own safety and cooly carried on with his job of laying smoke. On 21 March 1944, the shelly and MG fire was so intense and accurate that the smoke part were for a considerable period pinned to the ground. During the period Tpr Barnard appreciating the vital importance of keeping the bridge smoked from enemy observation alone kept up the liberation of smoke moving from canister to canister without thought for his own safety. His gallant example was an inspiration to the remaining members of his troop." (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Barnard, James Whatman. (Ref. WO 373/7/127). Military Medal. AWMM
    • War Medal 1939-1945 AWMM
    • New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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  • Last rank

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • A particularly vivid account of this smoke-laying, written by Trooper Buchanan, won a competition organised by the 2 NZEF Times. It describes the mortaring:

    ‘… there was a crushing explosion in the field about 20 yards to the left … and we dived for cover in the water channel on the right hand side of the road. We huddled down knee-deep in mud and water…. One fell on the road itself and the rubble spurted up about 18 inches from my head. I was swearing at each crash and flinching….’

    At one time, shelling and machine-gun fire was so intense and accurate that the smoke party was pinned for a considerable time and there was a grave danger that the bridge would become exposed to enemy observation. Trooper Jim Barnard earned an immediate award of the MM by coolly going forward under direct observation and setting more canisters alight. This eased the pressure from, at least, observed fire and allowed the work to go on. Buchanan continues:

    ‘I grabbed a couple of canisters … and placed them out in the open at an angle favourable to the breeze, tore open the fuse, exposing the grey-black powder, and dropped in a fusee. The stuff burned readily, with a hissing sound, the small flame glowing green and yellow and giving off a dense column of grey smoke that Sapperead quickly. In a few moments the structure was obscured from me, and from the observers on the hill.’' (Source: ) AWMM
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About death

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  • Death
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference



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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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  • External links
  • References
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 4 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1941 to 30 June, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      p.22 AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1950). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 16 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1946 to 30th June, 1948). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      p.8 AWMM
    • Loughnan, R. (1963). Divisional Cavalry. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
    • Brocklebank, L.W. (1997). Jayforce : New Zealand and the military occupation of Japan, 1945-48. Auckland, N.Z.: Oxford University Press. AWMM
    • Sutherland, J. (1989). Gallantry awards to New Zealanders in World War Two. Christchurch, N.Z.: Regal Medals. AWMM

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