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Carl Nelham Watson

Studio portrait of Carl Nelham Watson (s/n 9250). Image provided by family. This image may be subject to copyright.

Studio portrait of Carl Nelham Watson (s/n 9250). Image provided by family. This image may be subjec …

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Carl Nelham AWMM
  • Surname
    Watson AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    WWII 9250 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    WW2 Worth School, Linwood AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    WW2 Mrs Ruby Frances Watson (mother), 137 Upland Road, Wellington AWMM
  • Relationship status

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 9250 AWMM
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Military Cross (MC) AWMM
      1942 AWMM
      Citation for Military Cross: Throughout the operations in Crete this Company Commander showed outstanding qualities of leadership, tenacity, and skill in handling his company, and at one period, the whole Battalion. His personal example of continuous conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in very adverse circumstances, his extreme coolness and contempt for danger under heavy and continuous fire and the quick decisions made by him on the spot for counter-attacks or withdrawal, inspired officers and men under his command with confidence in his judgement and respect for the personal example he set. On May 22, at Maleme his men, suffering heavy casualties, had been forced to evacuate an important line of posts in the defensive area of 23 Battalion facing north. In spite of intensive mortar, machine gun and pom-pom fire, Captain Watson and his storeman, by the skilful use of Thomson sub-machine guns, drove back the enemy, who were about to penetrate our postition up a covered ravine, and enabled our troops to reoccupy their orignal positions. Captain watson later led a successful counter-attack against the enemy from this line, enabling this vital position to be held for a further two days. BC Freyberg, Major General, General Officer Commanding (-in-Chief) Recommended by Lieutenant -Colonel D F Leckie Brigadier J Hargest AWMM
    • 1939-1945 Star AWMM
    • War Medal 1939-1945 AWMM
    • New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM
    • Coronation Medal 1953 AWMM
    • Efficiency Decoration (ED) AWMM
    • Military Cross (MC) AWMM
      4 November 1941 AWMM
      The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Watson, Carl Nelham. (Ref. WO 373/27/299). Military Cross. AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
    • WW2 POW - P.G. 75 Bari, Italy Data Entry Form
      Ruweisat Ridge, Egypt Data Entry Form
      15 July 1942 AWMM
    • WW2 POW - P.G. 45 Italy Data Entry Form
    • WW2 POW - Oflag XII B, Germany Data Entry Form
    • WW2
      15 July 1942 AWMM
    • WW2 POW - Oflag XII-B, Mainz,Germany 2NZEF, Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. N.Z. 1945.
      Germany, Europe 2NZEF, Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. N.Z. 1945.
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
    WW2 3 April 1945 Data Entry Form
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Husband of Patricia Mary von Keisenberg on 21 July 1945 (Source: Data Entry Form)

    Father to three Children, Julian, Catherine and Caroline (Source: Data Entry Form)

    After the war, he was a lecturer at Wellington Teachers Training College, a headmaster at Tonga College 1948-49 and Inspector of Schools, Waikato /Bay of Plenty (Source: Data Entry Form)

    Lt-Col C. N. Watson, MC, ED, m.i.d.; Wellington; born Tinwald, 8 Jan 1911; school-teacher; CO 26 Bn 20–29 Jun 1942; CO 23 Bn 29 Jun–15 Jul 1942; p.w. 15 Jul 1942. (Source: Davin, D.M. Crete. p.112.) AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Birkenhead Glenfield Cemetery, corner Eskdale and Glenfield Roads, Birkenhead, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM Anglican Lawn, Row O, Plot 104 AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Armoury Cenotaph File AWMM
      Cenotaph Data Entry Form AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
    • The Evening Post AWMM
      Volume CXXXIV, Issue 33, 7 August 1942, Page 3 AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      Volume 79, Issue 24340, 31 July 1942, Page 5 AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      Volume 78, Issue 24075, 20 September 1941, Page 10 AWMM
    • Davin, D. (1953). Crete. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.112-16, 122-4, 136-7. AWMM
    • Henderson, J. (1958). 22 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.70, 74. AWMM
    • McClymont, W. (1959). To Greece. Wellington, N.Z.: Department Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      p.287. AWMM
    • Norton, F. (1952). 26 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.146, 149. AWMM
    • Ross, A. (1959). 23 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.9, 26, 30, 42, 43, 68, 71, 76, 150, 151, 162, 163, 171, 172, 180, 474, 477. AWMM
    • Scoullar, J. L. (1955). Battle for Egypt : the summer of 1942. Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch, Wellington, N.Z. AWMM
      pp.173, 234, 238, 254, 276, 299. AWMM
    • List of 2NZEF Prisoners of War. 1941-1945. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 2009/8. AWMM
    • Great Britain Army. (1945). Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. London, U.K.: Government Printer. AWMM
    • Information kindly provided by family AWMM
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