condensed discuss document expanded export feedback print share remove reset document_white enquire_white export_white report_white

Betty Mary Clements

-
Portrait, Betty Mary Clements in uniform - This image may be subject to copyright

Portrait, Betty Mary Clements in uniform - This image may be subject to copyright

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Betty Mary AWMM
  • Surname
    Clements AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    • Wood AWMM
    • Betty Mary Wood AWMM
  • Service number
    816528 AWMM
  • Gender
    Female AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

Contribute ›
  • Birth
    27 June 1921 AWMM AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    Pre 23 September 1943 AWMM Westmere, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
    Clerk AWMM
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    Mrs M.M. Clements (mother), Westmere, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Pre 6 December 1944 AWMM Single AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

Contribute ›

Training and Enlistment

Contribute ›
  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
    WW2 23 September 1943 AWMM
    Age 22 AWMM
    Clerk AWMM
    WanganuiManawatu-Wanganui AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Prisoner of war

Contribute ›
  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

Contribute ›
  • Medical notes
    Dental, Unknown Period AWMM
    False teeth AWMM

Biographical information

Biographical information

Contribute ›
  • Betty Mary Clements married Les Wood. They had three children.

    In 1943 Betty was called up to serve at Narrowneck Military Hospital, Devonport.

    By the end of 1944 she was transferred to Trentham Military Camp ready for embarkation on NZHS Maunganui for Bombay and posted to Italy

    She arrived in Italy mid winter and trucked to Caserta

    The war ended after 6 months and the Hospital moved to Egypt, where she worked for 6 more months on the wards.

    She returned to New Zealand on the Strathmore but measles broke out on the ship.

    She then went to Japan and served on Etajima Island and later at Kiwa and was there for a little over a year before the unit returned to New Zealand

    The New Zealand occupation of Japan began in February 1946 and continued until November 1948 involving approximately 12,000 men and women. New Zealand personnel were part of a larger British Commonwealth Occupation Force with a total of 40,000 personnel from the United Kingdom, Australia and India. The surrender of Germany in May 1945 saw the war in Europe come to an end. Shortly after this there were plans for an final assault on Japan to which New Zealand had agreed to send 16,000 land forces, as well as about 8320 all ranks as an air component. However before this occurred the bombs were dropped on Hiroshima on 6 August 1946 and Nagasaki on 9 August. The Japanese accepted the Potsdam Declaration of 26 July, 1945 on 10 August, unconditionally surrendered on 14 August and the formal surrender was signed on 2 September 1945. The need therefore for an occupational force arose. New Zealand's contribution to the British Commonwealth Occupational Force (BCOF) was officially known as the 2 NZEF Japan, or the J Force during the stages of organisation. While the American forces occupied the majority of Japan, the J Force were mostly based in Yamaguchi Prefecture in the far south western tip of the island of Honshu. All the allied forces in Japan came under the control of General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander Allied Powers. The first draft was formed in Italy and sent to Japan from Naples after training in Florence. This draft was formed from the 2 NZEF troops remaining in the Mediterranean theatre after the war in Europe ended. Those who were not married and those who were the last to arrive as reinforcements from New Zealand made up the majority of this draft. J Force's army brigade was originally formed by conscripts bought together in Northern Italy mostly from the 9 Infantry Brigade (22 and 27 infantry battalions and the Divisional Cavalry Regiment) as well as single men from the 13th to 15th Reinforcements. Officers were conscripted from the 10th to 12th Reinforcements. Other officers from earlier Reinforcements were asked to volunteer. Specialist, Maori and nursing components were all volunteers from the 14th and 15th Reinforcements and other earlier Reinforcements. The Royal New Zealand Air Force formed squadron No 14 from New Zealand volunteers. The draft from Italy was later relieved by a draft of volunteers raised in New Zealand in early to mid 1946, who were in turn also relieved by a second draft of volunteers from New Zealand in mid 1947. Some of the Relief draft arrived at Kure naval base in Japan on 1 August 1947, on board the Dunera. On 21 April 1948 Cabinet approved the decision to withdraw from Japan and from mid 1948 the New Zealand camps were closed or taken over by other allied occupation forces. For further information see:

    The Pacific by O.A. Gillespie, The Jay Force Experience by H Stone, and Jay Force New Zealand and the Military Occupation of Japan 1945-1948 by L. Brocklebank. AWMM
Read more

Death

About death

Contribute ›
  • Death
    31 October 2007 AWMM
    Age 86 AWMM
    AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
    Death Notice: New Zealand Herald, 2 November 2007 AWMM
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

Contribute ›
  • Memorial name
    Eden Garden, 24 Omana Avenue, Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM

Roll of Honour

Remember Betty Mary Clements by laying a poppy.

Leave a note

Leave a tribute or memory of Betty Mary Clements

Leave a note

Contribute ›

Sources

Sources

Contribute ›
  • External links
  • Documents
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
    • New Zealand Military Nursing - A History of the R.N.Z.N.C. Boer War to Present Day AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1945). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 14 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1944 to 31st December, 1944). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 14: WW2 20 AWMM
    • New Zealand Military Nursing - A History of the R.N.Z.N.C. Boer War to Present Day AWMM
      Kendall, S. & Corbett, D. (1990). p. 172 AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      Death Notice: New Zealand Herald, 2 November 2007 AWMM
    • Service Women Project: Sponsorship to research this record was kindly provided by the Auckland Returned Services Association, Returned Servicewomen's Branch; Marjorie Traill, Dorothy Grant, Daphne Shaw and Margaret Woollett. AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1945). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 14 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1944 to 31st December, 1944). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      p.20 AWMM
The development of the Online Cenotaph is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.

Creative Commons License Online Cenotaph Data by Auckland War Memorial Museum is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License