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John Alexander Black

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Portrait, John Alexander Black, Alexandria in June 1943, with medal ribbon. - This image may be subject to copyright

Portrait, John Alexander Black, Alexandria in June 1943, with medal ribbon. - This image may be subj …

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    John Alexander AWMM
  • Surname
    Black AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    WWII 36468 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    23 August 1918 AWMM AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    Pre 1 October 1940 AWMM 11 Mons Avenue, Mt Roskill, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    Mrs D.M. Black (wife), West Tamaki Road, St Heliers, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Pre 1 February 1941 AWMM Married AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    North Africa AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 36468 AWMM
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Military Medal (MM) AWMM
      28 January 1943 AWMM
      Military Medal. Action at Miteiriya Ridge in October 1942. London Gazette on 26 January 1943. 'On 24 October 1942 Private Black was acting as range taker in a machine-gun platoon at MITEIRIYA RIDGE, Egypt. He took up position in an exposed derelict tank in a minefield 150 yards in front of his guns, where he had a complete view of the enemy, and in spite of intense shelling and small-arms fire remained at his post and continued to give accurate ranges throughout the day. By his fortitude and the accuracy with which his ranges were given his platoon was able to inflict heavy casualties on the enemy. The following night Private Black assisted in lighting gaps in a minefield and personally boarded a tank in order to guide their tanks and infantry to forward positions.'. (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Black, John Alexander. (Ref. WO 373/23/451). Military Medal. AWMM
    • 1939-1945 Star AWMM
    • Africa Star (8th Army clasp) AWMM
    • Defence Medal AWMM
    • War Medal 1939-1945 AWMM
    • New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
    WW2 Oct 1940 AWMM
    Age 22 AWMM
    News agent/Civilian AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    • Height, Unknown Period AWMM
      5 foot 8 inches AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM
      Wounded at El Alamein, Egypt and sent to the English Hospital, Suez Canal AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM
      Sinus operation 2 General Hospital Suez Canal area. AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM
      To convalescent area in Gaza. AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM
      To English Hospital Gaza, with Hepatitis. Whilst there, a Duodenal Ulcer was found and he was sent to Maadi Camp Hospital to await hospital ship to return to New Zealand. AWMM

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • New Zealander of Scottish origins

    John Black served overseas for three and a half years.

    Husband of Daphne. Father of Nigel, Stephanie

    Cenotaph record initially prepared with the serviceman in 2000

    Private J. A. Black, MM; Thames; born Auckland, 23 Aug 1918; newspaper agent; wounded 16 Jul 1942. (Source: Kay, R. 27 (Machine Gun) Battalion. p.289.)

    'The following night (the 27th–28th) the New Zealanders were relieved by the South Africans on Miteiriya Ridge and went back into reserve at Alam Onsol, about 15 miles to the rear, where they made up for the lack of sleep and the strain of the last four days and five nights.

    In the fighting on Miteiriya Ridge ten machine-gunners had been killed and eleven wounded—not many casualties if compared with the losses at Sidi Rezegh and in other desert battles. This might be attributed, at least in part, to the fact that the fighting had been less mobile. The German armour did not get the chance to counter-attack as it had done at Sidi Rezegh, Ruweisat and El Mreir. Also the troops had better knowledge of what they were to do—information had been passed right down to platoons before the battle. On Miteiriya Ridge Gardiner won the only DSO awarded to a NZ machine-gun officer in the Second World War, Halkett and Beard the MC, and Cattanach, Black and Forsyth the MM. Private J. A. Black, MM; Thames; born Auckland, 23 Aug 1918; newspaper agent; wounded 16 Jul 1942.
    ' (Source: Kay, R. 27 (Machine Gun) Battalion. p. 289.) AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    7 February 2014 AWMM
    Age 95 AWMM
    BelmontAuckland AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
    NZ Herald 10 February 2014 AWMM
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
    • 'The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East.' (London Gazette, 28 January 1943, p.526.). Military Medal.
      http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35879/supplements/526
      Further Reference
    • 'On 24 October 1942 Private Black was acting as range taker in a machine-gun platoon at MITEIRIYA RIDGE, Egypt. He took up position in an exposed derelict tank in a minefield 150 yards in front of his guns, where he had a complete view of the enemy, and in spite of intense shelling and small-arms fire remained at his post and continued to give accurate ranges throughout the day. By his fortitude and the accuracy with which his ranges were given his platoon was able to inflict heavy casualties on the enemy. The following night Private Black assisted in lighting gaps in a minefield and personally boarded a tank in order to guide their tanks and infantry to forward positions.'. (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Black, John Alexander. (Ref. WO 373/23/451). Military Medal.
      http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D7360659
      Further Reference
  • References
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 3 (Embarkations from 1st July, 1940 to 31st March, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 3: WW2 42 AWMM
    • Kay, R. (1958). 27 (Machine Gun) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      Tape recorded interview available at Museum Archive. AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      NZ Herald 10 February 2014 AWMM
    • Kay, R. (1958). 27 (Machine Gun) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.281, 284, 287, 289. AWMM
    • Information kindly provided by family AWMM
    • Cenotaph record initially prepared with the service person. AWMM

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