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Michael Ralph Kennedy

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Brigadier Kennedy in uniform - This image may be subject to copyright
Brigadier Kennedy in uniform - This image may be subject to … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Michael Ralph AWMM
  • Surname
    Kennedy AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    • WWII 451818 AWMM
    • Vietnam 30213 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    11 October 1922 AWMM MussoorieIndia AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    WW2 Pre 16 April 1942 AWMM C/o H. Jones, Maramarua, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    WW2 Mrs M.F. Kennedy (mother), Kerikeri Inlet, Bay of Islands, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Pre 1 January 1944 AWMM Single/WWII AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    • Italy AWMM
    • British Commonwealth Occupational Force, Japan AWMM
    • 1948-1960 AWMM
      The Malayan Emergency AWMM
      The Malayan Emergency (1948-1960) After the defeat of the Japanese in WWII, a new problem emerged for Malaya. In 1948 Chinese guerrilla fighters (who had been armed and air supplied by the British during the war) emerged from the jungle and under Chin Peng, began their terror campaign to take over the country by force. Thus an intense jungle war began, fought by the British, British Commonwealth and Malay forces against the Malayan Communist Party. The Australian Government of the day, along with many others in the Western bloc, was apprehensive about the spread of international communism. Initially there was not much coordination between security forces until Lt.-Gen.Sir Harold Briggs was appointed as Director of Operations in 1949. His war executive committees (including Sir Henry Gurney) coordinated emergency operations, and created 500 new villages for Malayan citizens who lived in remote areas beyond government protection. These citizens had lived in constant fear that the Communists would appear and force them to supply food and money. Travelling was dangerous as a Communist ambush could lurk behind any roadside bush. So, by depriving the insurgents of their crucial sources of supplies and information, the Communists began to attack the new settlements. But the security forces were now fighting on their own ground, and proved to be too strong for the Communists. These forces were able to concentrate on jungle operations, thereby destroying the Communists and their camps. This was the longest continuous military commitment in Australia's history. It was to be the only war the West had won against Communism. The Emergency lasted for twelve years, ending in 1960. Australia suffered 15 killed and 27 wounded in action. From http://www.raafschoolpenang.com/malaysia.htm AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    • WWII 451818 AWMM
    • Vietnam 30213 AWMM
  • Military service
    21 Infantry Battalion 21Bn Assoc. Inc. Records. MS-2008-42.
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Training and Enlistment

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Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Height, Unknown Period AWMM
    5 foot 10 inches AWMM

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Husband for 45 years of Phyll, father of Diana, Victoria. Educated at King's College and Nelson Boys' College

    He rejoined the Army in 1947. Commanded 28 (ANZUK) Brigade, 1973-1974

    Retired as Brigadier in 1977. Recalled in an Honorary capacity in 1982 as Honorary Colonel 2/1 RNZIR and later as Honorary Colonel of the NZ Infantry until 1989.

    He received Legion of Merit (USA) while serving in USA after World War Two. Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE)

    Cenotaph record initially prepared with the serviceman in 2001 AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    2 April 2012 AWMM
    Age 89 AWMM
    AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Cremated AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
    Obituary: New Zealand Herald, 5 April 2012 AWMM
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Cooke, P. (2001). Defending New Zealand: ramparts on the sea 1840-1950s. Wellington, N.Z.: Defence of New Zealand Study Group. AWMM
    • Pugsley, C. (2003). From emergency to confrontation: the New Zealand armed forces in Southeast Asia, 1949-1966. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1945). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 13 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1944 to 31st March, 1944). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 13: WW2 66 AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      Obituary: New Zealand Herald, 5 April 2012 AWMM
    • Cenotaph data entry form AWMM
    • This record was created from data kindly provided by the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. AWMM
    • Veterans' club : the comradeship and memories of Auckland's 21st infantry battalion. Auckland War Memorial Museum : Auckland. Accompanies exhibition held in the Pictorial Gallery, second floor, Auckland War Memorial Museum, 24 March-21 May 2006. AWMM
    • 21 New Zealand Infantry Battalion Association Inc. Records, 1955 - 2005. Auckland War Memorial Museum. MS-2008-42. AWMM
    • 21 Battalion (Official history of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939-45) AWMM
    • Burdon, R. (1959). 24 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
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