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Cyril Bythesea Crosland

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Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Cyril Bythesea AWMM
  • Surname
    Crosland AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    9141 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    • Wavell Campaign AWMM
    • Greece AWMM
    • 1941 Crete AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    9141 AWMM
  • Military service
    Otago Mounted Rifles for one year AWMM
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Training and Enlistment

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Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
    • WW2 POW - Dulag Kreta, Galatas Greece AWMM
      Sfakia, Crete AWMM
      1 June 1941 AWMM
      Battle of Crete AWMM
    • WW2 POW - Dulag-Rallys Pire Greece, Piraeus, Greece AWMM
      Crete, Greece AWMM
    • WW2 POW - Stalag VIII-B (later 344), Lamsdorf, Poland AWMM
    • WW2 POW - Stalag VIII-B (later 344), Lamsdorf, Poland AWMM
    • WW2 POW - Crete List of 2NZEF POW (MS 2009/8)
      Crete, Greece List of 2NZEF POW (MS 2009/8)
    • WW2 POW - Stalag VIII-B (later 344), Lamsdorf, Poland 2NZEF, Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. N.Z. 1945.
      Germany, Europe 2NZEF, Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. N.Z. 1945.
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
    WW2 1 April 1945 AWMM
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number
    • 1466 Crete AWMM
    • 25171 Stalag VIIIB AWMM

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    • Height, Unknown Period AWMM
      5 foor 7 inches AWMM
    • Hair colour, Unknown Period AWMM
      Dark AWMM
    • Eye colour, Unknown Period AWMM
      Pale Blue AWMM
    • Complexion, Unknown Period AWMM
      Fair AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM
      Maadi casp Hospital, brief, March 1940 AWMM

Last known rank

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  • Last rank

Biographical information

Biographical information

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    • Cyril Crosland was the son of Edward Shaw Crosland and Stepson of Ann Elizabeth Crosland, brother of Edward Crosland, May Crosland and Eileen Crosland. His mother, Emma Rosina Crosland (nee Mortimer), died 16th October 1922.

      Husband of Elsa; father of 4 children

      As a POW he was interned at: Dulag Kreta Crete, Dulag-Rallys Pire Greece, Stalag VIII B Lamsdorf and from Stalag VIII B he went to two work camps at Krappitz for 6 months to a paper mill, and then to Katowitz for 18 months to a coalmine. After the Long March in early 1945 he was formally attached to Stalag XIIIC while working on a German farm.

      He was liberated late April 1945. AWMM
    • In December 2000 he contributed to the National Library Second World War oral history project - Crete: https://natlib.govt.nz/records/35849364

      Cyril Bythsea Crossland born Makarewa, Southland 1915. Recalls enlisting for World War II, going to Burnham Camp October 1939, and leaving New Zealand, February 1940. Describes enlistment process and gives reasons for going into Army Service Corps. Describes travelling to Egypt on the `Sobieski' and arrival at Maadi Camp. Refers to DRs [Despatch Riders]. Talks about going to Greece, attacks by German air force and evacuation from Greece and going to Crete. Recalls German invasion, 20 May 1941 and withdrawal to Galatas. Briefly mentions being captured by Germans in Sfakia (Sphakia) and mentions location of prison camp and food available. Refers to German control of Maleme aerodrome. Discusses experiences during escape, being caught and going to Stalag VIIIB in Germany. Describes living standards of Cretan people. Recalls seeing trainloads of Jews going to concentration camps. Talks about liberation by Americans and arrival in England. Recalls meeting future wife, Ailsa Hanson, marriage at Eketahuna in 1946 and return to Invercargill to work on future wife's farm. Refers to nightmares on return. Talks about membership of RSA [Returned Services Association]. Public - Allan - Researcher - 13 July 2022 - Second World War oral history project - Crete: Interview with Cyril Bythesea Crosland, 1 Dec 2000. National Library, Wgtn NZ
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    19 August 2008 AWMM
    Age 92 AWMM
    HamiltonWaikato AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Hautapu Cemetery, Cambridge, New Zealand AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • References
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
    • Information kindly provided by family AWMM
      Cenotaph data entry form AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 1 (Embarkations to 31st March, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 1: WW2 44 AWMM
    • List of 2NZEF Prisoners of War. 1941-1945. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 2009/8. AWMM
    • Great Britain Army. (1945). Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. London, U.K.: Government Printer. AWMM

Contributors

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DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
13 July 2022AllanPegasus Town, Waimakariri District, NZResearcher

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