Date of birth
Place of birth
Address before enlistment
Unknown AWMM 39 Collingwood Street, Ngaio, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
Post war occupation
Next of kin on embarkation
Mr F.L. Marshall (father), 20 East Street, Newton, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
Medals and Awards
Military Cross (MC) AWMM
14 October 1943 AWMM
The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Marshall, Ernest Leonard Joseph. (Ref. WO 373/26/89). Military Cross. AWMM
Maj E. L. J. Marshall, MC, ED, m.i.d.; Lower Hutt; born Coromandel, 16 May 1908; clerk; QM 2 NZ Div Sigs Sep 1939–Oct 1941; OC J Sec Oct-Dec 1941, 3 Coy Dec 1941-Jun 1942, 1 Coy Jun-Nov 1942; OC Sig School, Base, Dec 1942-Jun 1943; CSO NMD and CO NMD Sigs Nov 1943-Dec 1944; SSO Sigs Army HQJun-Dec 1945. (Source: Borman, C.A. Divisional Signals. p.75.)
'The first groups of New Zealanders from Minqar Qaim began to arrive in the Qattara Box area soon after midday on 28 June, and later in the day larger, more organised columns came in. By nightfall Main and Rear Divisional Headquarters, the Divisional Reserve Group, and 4 and 5 Infantry Brigades were concentrated about three and a half miles to the north-west of the Box. Divisional Signals rejoined Main Division in the area about 9 p. m., and immediately set about counting its losses which, despite the rigours of the Minqar Qaim battle, were satisfyingly small, although the non-appearance of the Adjutant with his staff and the unit office vehicle caused considerable difficulty and anxiety.
By the afternoon of the next day signal communications were stabilised and in normal working order, new call-sign row directories, column sequences and radio-telephony codes having been obtained from Main Headquarters 30 Corps. Although the signals system was able to settle down again so quickly under the executive direction of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Companies' headquarters, which had sustained little or no dislocation during the lively events of the day before, the loss of the unit's nerve centre, as it were, represented a major disruption in its operational and administrative machinery. Not only was Lieutenant-Colonel Agar deprived suddenly and at a singularly inopportune time of his Adjutant and RSM, but he had also lost all his unit's records.
It was a situation which might have arisen perhaps half a dozen times before in the field and therefore not one on which to waste unprofitable lamentations, so the Colonel set to work to restore the position as best he might. To OC No. 3 Company, Captain Marshall, fell the task of reorganising the unit headquarters. He gathered about him a new headquarters staff and set to work to rewrite war diaries and compile casualty returns, for which he was forced to rely solely on various soldiers' statements as to when and where so-and-so had been killed, somebody else had been wounded, and so on, until names, regimental numbers, next-of-kin and all the other innumerable details were once again more or less accurately recorded. For his work at this difficult time, for his resourcefulness while acting as Signalmaster during the Minqar Qaim battle, and later for his work as OC No. 1 Company during the anxious days of July and August, Marshall was awarded the MC.' (Source: Borman, C.A. Divisional Signals. p. 261.) AWMM
Date of death
Age at death
Place of death
Cause of death
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Ernest Leonard Joseph Marshall
- Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 1 (Embarkations to 31st March, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
WW2 1: WW2 120 AWMM
- Borman, C. (1954). Divisional Signals. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
pp.11, 24, 75, 213, 261. AWMM
- Murphy, W.E. (1961). The relief of Tobruk. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
- List of 2NZEF Prisoners of War. 1941-1945. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 2009/8. AWMM
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