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James Whitman Barnard

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    James Whitman AWMM
  • Surname
    Barnard AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    2 February 1920 AWMM StratfordTaranaki AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
  • Relationship status

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    Military Medal (MM) AWMM
    3 August 1944 AWMM
    'During the period 17-21 March 1944 Trooper Barnard was a member of a smoke-laying party in the area of CASSINO, Italy, which was responsible for smoking the bridge across the Rapido River. Throughout the whole period the area was under direct observation by the enemy and constantly raked by machine-gun and artillery fire, but Trooper Barnard showed a complete disregard for his own safety and coolly carried on with his job of laying smoke. On 21 March the enemy fire was so intense and accurate that the smoke party was pinned to the ground for a considerable period. During that time Trooper Barnard, appreciating the vital importance of keeping the bridge smoked from enemy observation, alone kept up the liberation of smoke, moving from canister to canister without thought of his own safety. His gallant example was an inspiration to the remaining members of his Troop'. (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Barnard, James Whatman. (Ref. WO 373/7/127). Military Medal. AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
    WW2 Unknown AWMM Stock clerk/Civilian AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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  • Last rank

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • 'A particularly vivid account of this smoke-laying, written by Trooper Buchanan, won a competition organised by the 2 NZEF Times. It describes the mortaring:

    ‘… there was a crushing explosion in the field about 20 yards to the left … and we dived for cover in the water channel on the right hand side of the road. We huddled down knee-deep in mud and water…. One fell on the road itself and the rubble spurted up about 18 inches from my head. I was swearing at each crash and flinching….’

    At one time, shelling and machine-gun fire was so intense and accurate that the smoke party was pinned for a considerable time and there was a grave danger that the bridge would become exposed to enemy observation. Trooper Jim Barnard earned an immediate award of the MM by coolly going forward under direct observation and setting more canisters alight. This eased the pressure from, at least, observed fire and allowed the work to go on. Buchanan continues:

    ‘I grabbed a couple of canisters … and placed them out in the open at an angle favourable to the breeze, tore open the fuse, exposing the grey-black powder, and dropped in a fusee. The stuff burned readily, with a hissing sound, the small flame glowing green and yellow and giving off a dense column of grey smoke that Sapperead quickly. In a few moments the structure was obscured from me, and from the observers on the hill.’' (Source: ) AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
    • 'The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy.' (London Gazette, 3 August 1944, p.3605.). Military Medal.
      http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/36637/supplements/3605
      Further Reference
    • 'During the period 17-21 March 1944 Trooper Barnard was a member of a smoke-laying party in the area of CASSINO, Italy, which was responsible for smoking the bridge across the Rapido River. Throughout the whole period the area was under direct observation by the enemy and constantly raked by machine-gun and artillery fire, but Trooper Barnard showed a complete disregard for his own safety and coolly carried on with his job of laying smoke. On 21 March the enemy fire was so intense and accurate that the smoke party was pinned to the ground for a considerable period. During that time Trooper Barnard, appreciating the vital importance of keeping the bridge smoked from enemy observation, alone kept up the liberation of smoke, moving from canister to canister without thought of his own safety. His gallant example was an inspiration to the remaining members of his Troop'. (Source: The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Barnard, James Whatman. (Ref. WO 373/7/127). Military Medal.
      http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D7350755
      Further Reference
  • Documents
    • Sutherland, J. (1989). Gallantry awards to New Zealanders in World War Two. Christchurch, N.Z.: Regal Medals. AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 4 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1941 to 30 June, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 4 : WW2 22}WW2 8 AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1950). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 16 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1946 to 30th June, 1948). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 16 AWMM
    • Loughnan, R. (1963). Divisional Cavalry. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      p.333. AWMM
    • New Zealand Gazette AWMM
      MM. New Zealand Gazette, vol 1, p.157 AWMM
    • Loughnan, R. (1963). Divisional Cavalry. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
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