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Nicholas Golding

  • Service number
    1814 Public - Gina - Direct descendant - 24 June 2016 - Discharge Records
  • Also known as
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Last rank
  • War
Nicholas Golding wearing his medals


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  • Title
    Sergeant Public - Gina - Direct descendant - 24 June 2016 - Family knowledge and Discharge records
  • Forenames
    Nicholas AWMM
  • Surname
    Golding AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    1814 Public - Gina - Direct descendant - 24 June 2016 - Discharge Records
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi / Hapū / Waka / Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    12 December 1817 AWMM ArmaghNorthern Ireland AWMM
    Tanddragee, Armagh, Ireland AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
  • Relationship status


Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    1814 Public - Gina - Direct descendant - 24 June 2016 - Discharge Records
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • New Zealand Medal AWMM
    • Nicholas received a Good Conduct Medal for his role in the Military Police in Auckland and the NZ Medal. He later received the Queen Victoria medal for bravery in Taranaki land wars. The medals remain in his family. Public - Gina - Direct descendant - 25 June 2016 - Military Records, Newspaper articles, family knowledge

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment


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  • Embarkation details

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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  • Last rank

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Nicholas married twice. His first wife was Ann nee Reilly [Elizabeth Ann] and second wife Mary nee Billing.

    Family write: "Nicholas was known as the "little dark Spanish man", he was 5 foot 7 inches tall according to his war records and had an olive complection. Although Nicholas was born in County Armagh in Northern Ireland, he was descended on his fathers side, from the dark Irish and the most common story in our family is that the Spanish sailors from the 24 remaining vessels of the Spanish Armada (fleet of Spanish war ships), had intermarried with Irish women.

    Nicholas was age 20 in 1838 when he married Ann Reilly in Banbridge Down, Magheraford, Northern Ireland, they had 8 children all together.

    Nicholas enlisted with the 65th Regiment of the British Army at Banbridge, Ireland on 21 December 1841 age 23. His War Records however show his age at enlistment as 20 years with birth 1821.

    From 1841, over the next six years Nicholas and Ann travelled long sea journeys back and forth between Ireland, England and Australia by ship carrying out his army duties. Nicholas was sent to oversee the transportation of convicts from England to Hobart, Australia during which time he acted as a Guard and Gaol Warden for the jail in Hobart.

    Nicholas Golding's Military career: position of Private in 65th Regiment from 21 December 1841 to 22 November 1845 (3 years and 337 days). Promoted to Corporal on 23 November 1845 to 14 August 1851 (5years 265 days). Promoted Sergeant 15 August 1851 to 16 June 1863 (13 years). Approved Discharge by the General Commanding in Chief, T. H. Tidy Ally of the Chelsea Regimental Board at Camp Otahuhu, Auckland.

    Nicholas, who had been overseeing the convicts in Australia was sent to assist the 65th Regiment in Wanganui, arriving October 1847, age 29. Ship records list him as 'supercargo' and he was the only soldier aboard the ship. Nicholas remained in Wellington, NZ until 1851 after which he was recalled back to England. Promoted to Sergeant on 15 August 1851 he spent time at the Parkhurst Military Barracks, Isle of Wight, England.

    The following year, in 1854, Nicholas aged 37, returned to Auckland, NZ where he served at the Otahuhu Camp.

    In December 1858 Nicholas when he was a Sergeant in the 65th Regiment and in charge of the Marsland Hill Guard in New Plymouth, he had to arrest and testify against two soldiers, Thomas Jones and William Lucas.

    Nicholas eventually was discharged from the British Army on 16 June 1863 age 46. The discharge noted a disability of standing too long during his years of service. He remained in New Plymouth.

    During his army career Nicholas had taken part in many confrontations, including the Waireka Battle. In 1873 a Remission Certificate was reissued to Nicholas as he lost the original. The Certificate was for the purchase of land No. 154 bearing a value of 15 pounds and awarded under the Volunteer Land Act 1865. Later on Nicholas received a Good Conduct Medal and also the New Zealand Medal.

    Nicholas's wife Ann died of typhoid influenza on 21 January 1875 aged 54. One year later when Nicholas was 59 years of age he married Mary Bishop (nee Billing). Mary was aged 36, Nicholas was 23 years older than her. Mary and Nicholas had one child together.

    Nicholas of course did not retire from employment altogether. For a period, Nicholas acted as Bailiff at the New Plymouth Magistrates Court and was for 15 years Principal Warder at the New Plymouth Gaol. An article from the Taranaki Herald, dated 18 February 1865, reports he was a debt collector: 'Nicholas Golding takes this opportunity of returning his thanks to those tradesmen and storekeepers who entrusted him with collecting their accounts during the past year, and hopes for a continuance of their favors for the future. Nicholas Golding collects accounts on the usual terms.' Nicholas also collected debts for his son-in- law, Edward Metcalf Smith for Edward's Gun Smith business.

    In his later years Nicholas Golding was the Chairman of Soldiers Home Society which held meetings at the Taranaki Institute. He was also a member of several Lodges and Societies and was a foundation member of The New Plymouth Friendly Society which invested in freehold property and was responsible for granting benefits to soldiers in times of sickness and death. He was District Chief Ranger of The Order of Forresters and the De Burgh Adams Masonic Lodge. He was also a candidate in the Mayoral elections (Taranaki Herald, 14 October 1880) and a storekeeper at Oakura as listed in the Taranaki Commercial and Professional Directory. AWMM
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About death

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  • Death
    Apr 1915 Cemetery records
    Age 97 AWMM
    New PlymouthTaranaki Cemetery records
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Te Henui Cemetery, Junction of Watson and Lemon streets, New Plymouth AWMM Anglican Row 5 - Lot 11 Plot 3 AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference



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  • Memorial name

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DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
27 June 2016GinaAucklandOther relative
29 April 2015Online CenotaphAuckland, New ZealandResearcher

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