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Henry Kirkman

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  • Service number
    2465 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127roberth.htm
  • Also known as
    • H. R. Kirkman AWMM
    • Henry Robert Kirkman Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper Reports
  • Armed force / branch
    • Army AWMM
    • Colonial Unit - Roberts' Horse Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper reports
  • Last rank
  • War
Auckland War Memorial Museum, South African War Memorial 1899 - 1902 - No known copyright restrictions

Auckland War Memorial Museum, South African War Memorial 1899 - 1902 - No known copyright restrictio …

Identity

  • Title
    • Trooper Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127roberth.htm
    • promoted to Lance Corporal Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - May 1900 - Newspaper Report
  • Forenames
    Henry AWMM
  • Surname
    Kirkman AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    • H. R. Kirkman AWMM
    • Henry Robert Kirkman Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper Reports
  • Service number
    2465 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127roberth.htm
  • Gender
    • Male AWMM
    • Male Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper Reports
    • Male Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127roberth.htm
  • Iwi / Hapū / Waka / Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    1859 Public Source
  • Date of birth
    1859 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research
  • Place of birth
    Hackney, England Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    Waiomatatini, East Coast Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research - Newspaper reports
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    Family living in England - his 2 daughters (Christina & Agnes) were sent there when he decided to enlist for SA War Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research
  • Relationship status
    widower Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    Kimberley, Modder River, Kroonspruit & Bloemfontien Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper reports
  • Armed force / branch
    • Army AWMM
    • Colonial Unit - Roberts' Horse Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper reports
  • Service number
    2465 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127roberth.htm
  • Military service
    1900-1901 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper reports
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    Roberts' Horse British Medal Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127roberth.htm

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment
    abt 41 yrs Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research

Embarkations

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  • Embarkation details

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Died of Sickness, Cause of Death AWMM
    Enteric fever AWMM

Last known rank

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  • Last rank
    Lance Corporal Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Newspaper Reports

Biographical information

Biographical information

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    • According to the New Zealand Herald, 21 January 1901, Henry Kirkman was the first man to leave the Auckland district for the Boer War.

      Before World War I, enteric fever, or typhoid fever, was the scourge of armies, and in the Anglo-Boer War killed more soldiers than enemy action. It is caused by a bacteria entering the body via contaminated food or water. Early symptoms include high fever, headaches and lassitude. Follicles along the intestinal walls later become inflamed, often leading to perforation and hemorrhaging. Other complications include gall bladder, pneumonia or heart failure.

      At the time of the Boer War, there were no antibiotic remedies for the disease. AWMM
    • GISBORNE, January 18. News has just been received that Trooper Henry Kirkman, the first man to leave this district for the war, and who joined Lord Roberts's Horse, died, of enteric at Bloemfontein in April last. He resigned his position as Native schoolmaster to go to South Africa Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Otago Daily Times , Issue 11945, 19 January 1901, Page 7
    • 18 January 1901 - DIED AT THE FRONT.

      EAST COAST'S FIRST REPRESENTATIVE.

      Up to the present we have been congratulating the district on the fact that the fifty odd men who went from here to fight the Empire's battles in South Africa had escaped death or serious injury. We regret exceedingly having now to announce the loss of one brave fellow, and, strange to say, the first man to leave Gisborne for the war. Early in the campaign Mr Kirkman, Native school teacher at Waiomatatini, threw up his appointment and took passage to the Cape, where he enlisted in Roberts's Horse. He was through the dreadful ambush at Kroonspruit, and escaped injury, but after that event his friends lost tidings of him, and they have been making anxious inquiries of late. Now news has been received that he died of enteric at Bloemfontein as far back as April 20th. The sad intelligence was conveyed in a message to Mr McGavin, of Tokomaru, by a friend who had received definite advice. It will, we are sure, be received with very deep regret by the whole district, and especially by the people of the Awanui district, by whom Mr Kirkman was very much respected. The deceased gentleman was a widower, and had two children, who, we believe, are in England, having, lately been taken Home by a relative. Mr Kirkman had no relatives in the colony, but was well connected at Home. He was a most capable teacher, and was highly esteemed by the Department with which he was connected in fact, it is no secret that he was on the eve of promotion to a much better position but since the death of his wife he became of a restless disposition, and, taking a keen interest in the war, he was, as we have said, the first to leave, departing from Gisborne quietly, without any band to give him a farewell, early in November. His memory will be cherished by the people here. Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XXVIII, Issue 9049, 18 January 1901, Page 2
    • May 1900 - AN EAST COASTER AT THE FRONT. The first representative from this district to reach South Africa was Mr Kirkman, a native school teacher at Waiomatatini, who being seized with the war spirit, threw up his position and prospects, which were good, and went at his own expense to the Cape, where he joined Roberts's Light Horse. A letter, dated from Bloemfontein, has been received from Mr Kirkman by a gentleman resident on the East Coast, from which it appears that he has been through five battles and many skirmishes without a scratch. He was at the relief of Kimberley, and the fights along the Modder river, culminating in the surrender of Cronje. He was also present at the taking of Bloemfontein. His squadron has earned three clasps and a star already, so it must have seen some service. He has been made a Lance Corporal. Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XXVII, Issue 8838, 16 May 1900, Page 3
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    Apr 1900 AWMM
    BloemfonteinSouth Africa AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
    41 yrs Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
    refer to Biographical information Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research
  • Memorial name
    Gisborne's SA War Memorial - refer document attachment "Gisborne Boys in the SA Boer War Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015 - Research
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name
    • Auckland War Memorial Museum, South African War Memorial 1899 - 1902 AWMM
    • War Memorial Theatre, 159 Bright Street, Gisborne AWMM

Roll of Honour

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  • Henry Robert Kirkman was born in England. He married in 1884 Christina Doig Murdock. They had two children, Christina Constance born 1886 in England and Agnes Elizabeth born 1893 in NZ. It was shortly after the birth of their 2nd daughter, in Kaipara, Northland that Mrs Christina Kirkman Died in 1894 - here is a report concerning this tragic event: Found Drowned. Auckland, January 9 1894: A young married woman named Christina Kirkman, the wife of Mr Henry R. Kirkman, of Kaipara Heads, was found drowned this morning on the beach at Devonport. She was last seen alive at half-past nine last night in bed. She had complained for some time past of several pains in her head, and had been in a low state of health. It is feared that she committed suicide while temporarily deranged through illness. The inquest is proceeding.
    Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 24 July 2015
    Report 

Sources

Sources

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  • External links
    New Zealand History online. New Zealand in the South (Boer) War
    http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/the-south-african-boer-war/introduction
    Further Reference
  • References
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      New Zealand Herald, 21 January 1901 AWMM
    • Stowers, R. (2009). Rough riders at war : history of New Zealand's involvement in the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902 and information on all members of the 10 New Zealand contingents. Hamilton, N.Z.: R. Stowers. AWMM

Contributors

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DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
24 July 2015Lorraine MGisborne, NZResearcher

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