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Porokoru Patapu Pohe

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Portrait, Weekly News, reported as missing on operations - This image may be subject to copyright

Portrait, Weekly News, reported as missing on operations - This image may be subject to copyright

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Porokoru Patapu AWMM
  • Surname
    Pohe AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    John AWMM
  • Service number
    • WWII NZ402894 AWMM
    • WWII 402894 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    10 December 1914 AWMM WanganuiManawatu-Wanganui AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    WW2 Taihape, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    WW2 Mr Whatarangi Ropoama Pohe (father), Rural Delivery, Taihape, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status

Service

Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
    WW2 POW - Stalag Luft III, Sagan, Germany POW Deaths (R25405152)
    POW Deaths (R25405152)
    22 September 1943 AWMM
    Shot down whilst on a raid over Hanover, Germany AWMM
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Killed or died while a Prisoner of War, Cause of Death AWMM
    Shot by the Gestapo after escaping from Stalag Luft III POW camp AWMM

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Porokoru Pohe was the son of Whatarangi Ropoama Pohe and Honoria Maraea Pohe, of Taihape

    Porokoru Pohe was born in Wanganui and grew up on his family's farm near Taihape. He was educated at Putiki school, Turangarere School, Taihape District High School and Te Aute College.

    An article in The Dominion, Saturday 24 April 1944, under the heading - Maori pilot fought to the end is summarised: After leaving school Pohe spent a couple of years in the Territorials, with the Manawatu Mounted Rifles. He applied for flying training in September 1939, just nine days after war was declared, though it was September 1940 before he was enlisted at the Ground Training School in Levin. He began his training soon afterward, at Harewood and then at Woodbourne air force base in Blenheim where he graduated in January 1941.

    On completing his training he was the first fully qualified Maori pilot to leave New Zealand. He was posted to the RAF's 51 Squadron in Dishforth, Yorkshire. He flew his first mission over Europe in a Whitley bomber in July 1941. It was the first of 22 such raids, during which he bombed enemy targets in France, including U-boat bases, Berlin and other German cities, and Genoa in Italy.

    His next posting, at the end of April 1942 was as an instructor. He was posted back to 51 squadron, now stationed at Snaith in Yorkshire, to fly over Europe in Halifax bombers. His first mission two days later was to Hanover in Germany, but he never returned. He became a prisoner in Stalag Luft III, an air force POW camp in Sagan, about 200 kilometres south-east of Berlin.

    On the night of 24 March 1944 he escaped from Stalag Luft III in the Great Escape. Using a tunnel named Harry (it was the third attempt - the Germans had discovered Tom and Dick), 220 men attempted to escape, but the tunnel had come up short of the trees they were heading for, and only 76 men got clear.

    He was one of the 50 recaptured airmen shot by the Gestapo on the orders of Adolf Hitler, the Fuhrer of Nazi Germany. Three of those executed were from New Zealand: Flight Lieutenant Christensen (NZ413380), Flying Officer Porokoru Pohe (NZ402894) and New Zealand born Squadron Leader John Williams (40652), an Australian citizen serving with the Royal Air Force. Of the other 23 men recaptured, 15 were returned to Stalag Luft III and 8 were held in concentration camps. Only three of the original 76 escaped POWs got completely away to England.

    Pohe's exact movements cannot be traced but he was recaptured and taken into custody in Gorlitz, south of Sagan. He and five others were taken by truck toward Sagan and shot on the orders of two Gestapo officers named Scharpwinkel and Lux.

    When news of the executions reached England the British Government resolved to bring the culprits to justice once the war had ended. However by the time the hunt for those responsible started, Hitler and most of the other high ranking Nazi officials were dead. Ultimately several Gestapo officers were executed or imprisoned for this war crime.

    The New Zealand Herald dated 19 May 1944 reported that Flying Officer Pohe died while Prisoner of War. An article in the Herald on 22 May reads as follows: THREE NEW ZEALANDERS - TRIBUTE TO BRAVE MEN. Wellington, Saturday. "The acting Prime Minister, the Hon. D.G. Sullivan, stated today that the Government had been advised that among the air officers who had been shot in Germany were two members of the RNZAF, Flying Officer Porokoru Patapu (John) Pohe, of Taihape, and Flight-Lieutenant Arnold George Christensen, of Hastings, as well as one other New Zealander, Acting-Squadron-Leader J.E.A. Williams, whose next-of-kin is in Australia, and who was serving with the RAF. In every case the next-of-kin had been informed of the position."

    "The Government is deeply shocked at the incident" said Mr Sullivan, "and I join with all citizens of New Zealand in expressing sympathy to the next-of-kin of these brave men who, served by a strong sense of duty, were making every effort to escape and rejoin their colleagues in the fight against Nazi tyranny." (New Zealand Herald 19 May 1944)

    Because of the number of POWs involved and the tragic aftermath, the Stalag Luft III escape is a well documented part of World War 2 history. Popularly known as "The Great Escape" it has been the subject of books and a 1963 Hollywood movie.

    Name mispelt in the Evening Post, 1944 as Poroloru. Next of kin details compiled from information in the Casualty lists published in the newspapers. AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    30 March 1944 AWMM
    Age 29 AWMM
    AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Poznan Old Garrison Cemetery, Poland AWMM Collective grave 9. A. AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name
    Pollington Airfield Memorial Garden, Yorkshire, England AWMM

Roll of Honour

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Leave a note

Leave a tribute or memory of Porokoru Patapu Pohe

Leave a note

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  • Wreath Remembrance
    Mauzoleum Memorial Zagan
    Chairman Sq.Ldr Brian Mennell and members.

    THWARTED SPIRIT
    As we escape this night,through "Harry" to bitter flight.
    How I am certain,of uncertain,to be this not my final curtain!
    We will run to hide,to stay alive
    To reach afar,our guiding star.
    To cross the shore,to pass the land
    To liberate of this command
    To see oncemore our promised homeland!
    To reunite with friends of old
    To love my family with resolve.
    Should we fail to "live to die"
    You will remember I,the pilot of the sky!
    Who tried to reach his other side,to abide
    To fight again,with unequalled pride!
    Only this he to be denied,by Hitler's order awry,for fifty airmen to die!

    Fifty souls in the heaven above,winged as "doves" of Gods eternal love! REMEMBERED.
    Copyright:N.J.Deller 1/3/14
    Public - Nathan John - 8 November 2018
    Report 
  • PATAPU
    Dearest Johnny,my brother from the past!
    A Pohe Maori wings bravest in cast
    Who served Aotearoa,tall moa,with zeal steadfast.
    The night you coasted,through "Harry" to flight
    Out across the whitescape,of dangers grasp and might.
    Gorlitz was your capture of darkened smite
    We pray for you brother,tenderly your plight.
    You left your land,of the "long white cloud"
    Upstanding twenty nine indigenous,of handsome proud
    Only to fall,under Fuhrer storm shroud!
    A travesty cruel,of a nature profound
    We see your memory,in images near
    An airman born with wings of sheer!
    Aroha nui,our deepest Johnny Pohe;Haerera to the heavens love afar!

    Copyright:N.J.Deller 30/1/15 "73 years remembrance and prayers"
    Public - Nathan John - 17 August 2017
    Report 
  • He tino mihi tēnei ki a Maramena Roderick rātou ko Julian Arahanga mā, mo ā rātou pukumahi whakahirahira ki te putanga mai o tēnei tāonga, ko 'Turangaarere'. Ahakoa te pouri o te wā nei, ko te 'Anzac Day', kia maumahara tātou aua tāngata kua whawhai, kua hinga hoki i te Pakanga Tuatahi me te Pakanga Tuarua. 'Brave to his last breath' R.I.P. tōkū whanaunga, ko Porokoru Patapu (John) Pohe, i roto i ngā ringa aroha o te Ātua. 'Mā te Ātua tātou, te Whānau Pohe, e manaaki, e tiaki i ngā wā katoa'.
    Public - Karen - Other Relative - 25 April 2015
    Report 

Sources

Sources

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Contributors

Command item
Command item
Add new record Refresh
DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
08 November 2018Nathan JohnHettstedt GermanyOther
03 February 2018GeoffreyTilbury, EnglandResearcher
11 October 2015sdcwellingtonResearcher
25 April 2015KarenWellington, New Zealand.Other Relative

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