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John Matthew Biggar

Area of loss

75 Squadron Lancaster I LM268 AA-D

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  • Title
  • Forenames
    John Matthew AWMM
  • Surname
    Biggar AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    • NZ427945 AWMM
    • WWII 427945 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    11 March 1922 AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
  • Relationship status


Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards

Training and Enlistment

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Killed in Action, Cause of Death AWMM
    Killed on air operations AWMM

Biographical information

Biographical information

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    • Flight Sergeant Biggar was the son of Peter and Ivy Biggar, of Nakirikiri, Wellington, New Zealand. AWMM
    • 75 (New Zealand) Squadron : Lancaster ILM 228 AA-D

      Reason for Loss
      Taking off with 7 other aircraft from 75 (New Zealand) Squadron – from RAF Base Mepal, Cambridgeshire, England – at 19.35 hours on 11 September 1944 for air operations (Operation Code Named : Gardening) over Kattegat, Denmark, area. 68 aircraft from other Squadrons also participated in this mission.
      All aircraft delivered their mines to the target area and were returning when Lancaster ILM 228 AA-D was intercepted and shot down by a German fighter (Oblt Arnold Brinkmann (8.NJG-3).
      2 crew – Flight Engineer Colin Fowler RAFVR (evaded capture) and RNZAF Flt Sgt David Wilcox (POW) survived the bomber crash landing. All other RNZAF crew aboard were killed.
      RNZAF Crew aboard were
      RNZAF Pilot Wilson Orchard Hadley NZ426041 – Christchurch – killed.
      RNZAF Navigator Pilot Officer John Bernard Gudgeon NZ428786 – Christchurch - killed.
      RNZAF Air Bmdr Flight Sergeant David John Robert Wilcox NZ421244 (POW)
      RNZAF Wireless Op/ Air Gunner John Patrick Arthur Giles NZ425836 – Christchurch – killed.
      RNZAF Air Gunner Flt Sgt William James Victor Boyd NZ 428303 – Nelson – killed.
      RNZAF Air Gunner Flt Sgt John Matthew Biggar NZ 427945 – Wanganui. Killed. Public - Jenifer - Researcher - 20 April 2019 - (England)
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About death

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  • Death
    12 September 1944 AWMM
    Age 22 AWMM
    DenmarkEurope AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Orslev Churchyard, Denmark AWMM Joint grave 11B AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference



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  • Memorial name

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  • External links
  • References
    • Martyn, E. (1998-2008). For Your Tomorrow (Vols. 1-3). Christchurch, N.Z.: Volplane Press. AWMM
    • Martyn, E. (1998-2008). For Your Tomorrow (Vols. 1-3). Christchurch, N.Z.: Volplane Press. AWMM
      Martyn, E. (1998-2008). vol. 2 p. 274 AWMM
    • This record is a work in progress and was partially compiled from the “Database of New Zealand Airmen who took part in Advanced Air Training in Canada during WW2”. Researched by Ivan and Lorna Lindsey of Tauranga. N.Z. 2003 – 2012. Reproduced with permission. AWMM


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DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
25 April 2020Robert Graham (Bob)Solrød Strand, DenmarkResearcher
20 April 2019JeniferWairarapaResearcher
26 June 2017kelvinNorfolk, EnglandResearcher

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