Occupation before enlistment
Age on enlistment
18 Public - Ella - Other relative - 30 October 2016 - New Zealand, World War II Ballot Lists, 1940–1945.
POW liberation details
POW serial number
- Son of John Archibald Campbell and of Teu Campbell (nee Bosini). Brother of Bill, Margaret and Alistair Campbell
"Stuart Alexander Maireriki Campbell was born in 1923 on Tongareva, the northernmost atoll in the Cook Islands also known as Penrhyn Island. He served New Zealand as part of the 28th Māori Battalion in the Second World War. Between 1941 and 1945 he served in Greece, North Africa and finally Italy.
Stuart’s mother Teu Campbell, was a young woman from Tongareva, the eldest daughter of Bosini. Stuart's father Jock (John Archibald Campbell, service number 2/1544) was a papa'a (European) trader from New Zealand who had moved to the comparative serenity of the Cook Islands after his experiences serving in the First World War. He served in Europe and North Africa and was a part of the Gallipoli campaign with the New Zealand Field Artillery.
Stuart was the eldest of four children. His younger brother was Alistair Te Ariki Campbell, who later became a successful poet, novelist and playwright, and was my grandfather. Much of what we know about Stuart comes from my Grandfather’s stories and the poetry he wrote about his memories of his brother, and his impression of the Māori Battalion that his brother was a part of.
Photograph of Stuart's brothers Bill and Alistair (right) taken on their journey to New Zealand in 1933. This picture illustrated a story in the New Zealand Railways Magazine of 1 July 1933.
Taken from the New Zealand Electronic Text Collection.
Alistair wrote about his happy childhood in the Cook Islands and the later experiences of the children during the sad time when their mother Teu became ill and died in 1932 and when a year later, their father also passed away. When he was 9 years old, Stuart and his siblings became orphans and were sent away from the warmth of family life in Tongareva, posted like packages with baggage labels tied to their collars to be looked after by Jock’s grandmother in chilly Dunedin. The children's grandmother was unable to look after them and eventually they were sent to live in an orphanage. It is this address, Glendinning Home, Anderson's Bay, Dunedin that Stuart gave upon enlistment in 1941 at age 18.
Stuart joined the 28th Māori Battalion. The companies were organised on a tribal basis and as a Pacific Islander Stuart was a part of D Company – made up of Ngāti Kahungunu from the Hawkes Bay, South Island iwi and Pacific Islanders.
Stuart was killed in action on the 11th of April 1945 while waiting to cross the Santerno River near Massa Lombarda, Italy. He was killed by what was termed "friendly fire" when an RAF Bomber accidentally dropped a 500 pound bomb near Stuart’s D Company unit. His death came only a few weeks before the Māori Battalion were sent home as the war slowly came to an end.
Despite the odds Stuart was a bright, intelligent young man, remembered for his skill on the cricket field as well as his sharp imaginative mind. Johnson, Ella. Stuart Alexander Maireriki Campbell. Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tāmaki Paenga Hira. First published: 29 November 2016. Updated: 6 December 2016. AWMM
- Teu was the eldest of Bosini's two daughters. Public - Ella - Other relative - 30 October 2016 - Family papers
- Stuart and his siblings arrived in New Zealand in 1933 and went to live at the Glendinning Childrens Home in Dunedin. Public - Ella - Other relative - 31 January 2017 - Family papers
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Stuart Alexander Campbell
There is an amazing article about Stuart CAMPBELL at this link;
Public - Roscoe - Researcher - 16 August 2017
Lest we Forget.
Kia orana Uncle Stuart, you were the beloved brother of my Grandfather Alistair. He shared your story with our whanau and also with many others around the world through his poetry. We will be remembering you this ANZAC day for the good man you were and the sacrifices you made.
Public - Ella - Other relative - 19 April 2017
- Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1945). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 14 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1944 to 31st December, 1944). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
WW2 14: WW2 16 AWMM
- Cody, J. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
|16 August 2017||Roscoe||Auckland||Researcher||
|30 October 2016||Ella||Auckland, New Zealand||Other relative||
The development of the Online Cenotaph is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.