Māori › Henry Michael McElroy Born 2 December 1910 - Died 23 September 2001 PDF Key details Service numberWWII 20045 AWMM Also known asBlack Tracker AWMM Armed force / branchArmy AWMM Last rankLieutenant Colonel/Military AWMM 21 Infantry Battalion AWMM WarWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Enquire Lay a poppy Portrait, The Weekly News; 19 July 1944 awarded Bar to the DSO - This image may be subject to copyri … View gallery Hide sources Show empty fields Identity About Contribute › Title ForenamesHenry Michael AWMM SurnameMcElroy AWMM Ingoa Also known asBlack Tracker AWMM Service numberWWII 20045 AWMM GenderMale AWMM Iwi Hapū Waka Rohe ReligionAnglican, Christian AWMM Images and documents Images Contribute › Documents Contribute › Civilian life About birth Contribute › Birth2 December 1910 AWMM Timaru, Canterbury AWMM Date of birth Place of birth Birth notes Address before enlistmentWW2 Dargaville, New Zealand AWMM Post war occupation Next of kin on embarkationWW2 Mrs E.G. McElroy (wife), Princes Street, Northcote, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM Relationship statusPre 30 June 1941 AWMM Married AWMM Service Wars and conflicts Contribute › WarWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM CampaignGreece AWMM North Africa AWMM Italy AWMM Armed force / branchArmy AWMM Service numberWWII 20045 AWMM Military serviceCommander 1st Battalion, Auckland Territorials AWMM 21 Infantry Battalion 21Bn Assoc. Inc. Records. MS-2008-42. Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers Military decorations Contribute › Medals and AwardsCompanion of the Distinguished Service Order and bar (DSO*) AWMM DSO citation: 'During the night attack on Ruweisat Ridge on 14/15 July 1942 this officer became separated from his Battalion during a clash with enemy tanks. He collected some 60 men with him and continued the advance independently destroying numerous enemy posts, killing many of the enemy and taking 40 prisoners. At daybreak he found himself isolated and on the edge of a depression filled with Italians. His men had only an average of 5 rounds each remaining and 8 of them were wounded. Major McElroy extended his party and charged, and after a furious interchange of fire and the bayonetting of many of the enemy, the remainder, 40 officers and 460 other ranks surrendered. Major McElroy then escorted his prisoners to a neighbouring formation and returned to his unit. His personal leadership, dash and determination alone made possible this brilliant exploit.' (London Gazette, 22 September 1942) DSO Bar citation: 'Lieutenant Colonel McElroy commands 21 New Zealand Battalion, which on the night 20/21 March 1944 moved into Cassino and attacked towards the western part of the town. Darkness, vast piles of rubble, deep bomb craters and stubbornly held strongpoints made the operations difficult in the extreme. After heavy fighting lasting into the following day, an important sector was captured and held. Throughout the fighting and under constant enemy fire of all descriptions, Lieutenant Colonel McElroy retained a coolness and sound judgement vital to the success of the operation. For a further six days Lieutenant Colonel McElroy remained in Cassino directing the operations of his Battalion, and for the last two days of operations of the other troops in the town. Conditions for command could scarcely have been worse. In the narrow area of the town the enemy concentrated extremely heavy artillery and mortar fire and the slightest movement in the open was at the additional risk of machinegun fire and snipers. The enemy reinforced and frequently attempted to infiltrate between our positions. Maintaining the troops and evacuating wounded were always difficult and dangerous. Notwithstanding these difficulties, Lieutenant Colonel McElroy directed further operations and succeeded in establishing a firm line to hand over to relieving troops. His disregard for his own personal safety and his determination were a magnificent example to his men and a direct contribution to the cleaning and holding of a large portion of Cassino.' (NZ Gazette, 1 February 1945) AWMM 1939-1945 Star AWMM Africa Star (8th Army clasp) AWMM Italy Star AWMM Defence Medal AWMM New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM Efficiency Decoration (ED) AWMM Training and Enlistment Contribute › Military training Branch Trade Proficiency EnlistmentWW2 Accountant/Civilian AWMM Timaru, Canterbury AWMM Occupation before enlistment Age on enlistment Embarkations Contribute › Embarkation detailsWW2 Lieutenant/Military AWMM 21 Infantry Battalion AWMM Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Second Echelon AWMM Prisoner of war Contribute › Capture details Days interned Liberation date Liberation Repatriation POW liberation details POW serial number Medical history Contribute › Medical notesHospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM Wounded four times. AWMM Last known rank Contribute › Last rankLieutenant Colonel/Military AWMM 21 Infantry Battalion AWMM Biographical information Biographical information Contribute › Henry McElroy was the son of Jessie Eleanor McElroy.The Nominal Roll records divorced as his marital status at embarkation AWMM Death About death Contribute › Death23 September 2001 AWMM Age 91 AWMM AWMM Date of death Age at death Place of death Cause of death Death notes Cemetery Cemetery name Grave reference ObituaryObituary: Sunday Star Times, October 7 2001 AWMM Memorial name Memorial reference Memorials Memorial Contribute › Memorial name Roll of Honour Remember Henry Michael McElroy by laying a poppy. George Desmond McElroy George Desmond McElroy Henry Michael McElroy Henry William McElroy Herbert Desmond McElroy Lay a poppy for 2021 Leave a note Leave a tribute or memory of Henry Michael McElroy Leave a note Contribute › Processing Related objects 21 New Zealand Infantry Battalion Association Inc - Records, 1955 - 2005 Library / Pictorial › manuscripts and archives MS-2008-42 Sources Sources Contribute › External linksCody, J. (1953). 21 Battalion. Wellington, Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2-21Ba.html Sources Used Cody, J. (1953). 21 Battalion. Wellington, Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2-21Ba.html Sources Used DocumentsThe Weekly News AWMM The Weekly News 1944 AWMM 21 Battalion (Official history of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939-45) AWMM Military Service Record AWMM Haigh, J., Polaschek, A. (Eds.). (1993). New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. Christchurch, N.Z.: Authors. AWMM Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM WW2 2: WW2 116 AWMM Sunday Star Times AWMM Obituary: Sunday Star Times, October 7 2001 AWMM Veterans' club : the comradeship and memories of Auckland's 21st infantry battalion. Auckland War Memorial Museum : Auckland. Accompanies exhibition held in the Pictorial Gallery, second floor, Auckland War Memorial Museum, 24 March-21 May 2006. AWMM 21 New Zealand Infantry Battalion Association Inc. Records, 1955 - 2005. Auckland War Memorial Museum. MS-2008-42. AWMM Information kindly provided by family AWMM The development of the Online Cenotaph is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.Online Cenotaph Data by Auckland War Memorial Museum is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.