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James Thomas Burrows

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Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    James Thomas AWMM
  • Surname
    Burrows AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    Gentleman Jim AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 7146 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    14 July 1904 AWMM ChristchurchCanterbury AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    • WW2 Unknown AWMM 52 Stafford Street, Riccarton, Christchurch, New Zealand AWMM
    • WW2 Unknown AWMM 52 Stafford Street, Riccarton, Christchurch, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    • WW2 Mrs J.T. Burrows (wife), 52 Stafford Street, Christchurch, New Zealand AWMM
    • WW2 Mrs J.T. Burrows (wife), 52 Stafford Street, Christchurch, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status

Service

Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) AWMM
      DSO: NZ Gazette, 21 September 1944. Citation: "At Minqar Qaim on the night of June 17/28 [sic] (1942) Lt Col J.T. Burrows commanded the (4th) Brigade which was ordered to make a breach in the enemy line by a bayonet attack. He carried out this difficult operation with skill and coolness, his personal example of courage and determination being an inspiration to all ranks. At Ruweisat Ridge on July 14/15 he again commanded the brigade in a night attack and when the leading units had become scattered, he showed fine decision and resolution in carrying the reserve battalion through to the objective. During the following day he showed high courage and devotion in holding the ground gained under very high fire and against several attacks, being personally on the Ridge throughout and setting an example to all." AWMM
    • Companion of the Distinguished Service Order and bar (DSO*) AWMM
      DSO Bar: NZ Gazette, 30 April 1946. Citation: "Brigadier Burrows commanded 6th NZ Infantry Brigade during the operations south of Arezzo and Florence. In the attack on Lignano, a key position holding up the advance on Arezzo, he showed outstanding devotion to duty and leadership. His drive, skillful disposition of troops and cheerful example to his unit commanders greatly contributed towards the success of the operation. During the difficult fighting around Cerbaia and San Michele, Brig Burrows again showed great determination and was at all times an inspiration to those under him. His leadership enabled the Brigade to beat off consistent enemy counter attacks, the repelling of which forced the enemy to withdraw from key positions. At all times during these operations Brigadier Burrows has rendered distinguished and gallant service." AWMM
    • 1939-1945 Star AWMM
    • Africa Star (8th Army clasp) AWMM
    • Italy Star AWMM
    • Defence Medal AWMM
    • War Medal 1939-1945 with oak leaf AWMM
    • New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM
    • Korea Medal (EIIR) AWMM
    • Coronation Medal 1953 AWMM
    • Efficiency Decoration and 2 bars (ED**) AWMM
    • Cross of Valour (Greece) AWMM
    • United Nations Medal for Korea AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Husband of Elsie and later of Eleanor Florence Lester (nee West-Watson)

    Represented Canterbury in cricket as a medium-pace bowler pre-WW2. Also won the NZ University blues in boxing.

    Member of the NZ All Blacks tour to South Africa in 1928. Although frustrated by injuries during the tour, he managed to make 9 appearances on the field. He went on to be the All Blacks' coach in 1937.

    Enlisted with 2 NZEF as Second-in-command (2 i/c) of 20 Battalion, 1941.

    Commanding Officer (CO) of 20 Battalion, May 1941 - June 1942.

    Commander 4 Brigade 27-29 June 1942; 5 July - 15 August 1942.

    With 20 Battalion Armoured Regiment, August 1942 - July 1943.

    CO of 5 Brigade, March 1944 - November 1944.

    CO of 6 Brigade, July - August 1944.

    Rector of Waitaki Boys High School, Oamaru, 1945-49.

    Commander of the Southern Military District (SMD), November 1951 - October 1955.

    Commander of K Force, November 1953 - November 1954.

    Commander of the SMD from January 1955 - 1960.

    Retired 1960.

    Honorary Colonel of Canterbury Regiment, 1957-64.

    Honorary Colonel, 2 Royal NZ Infantry Regiment, 1964-66.

    Burrows published his autobiography, Pathway Among Men, in 1974. AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    10 June 1991 AWMM
    Age 86 AWMM
    ChristchurchCanterbury AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 1 (Embarkations to 31st March, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 1: WW2 29 AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1945). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 13 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1944 to 31st March, 1944). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1945). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 13 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1944 to 31st March, 1944). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
    • Burrows, J.T. (1974). Pathway among men. Christchurch, N.Z.: Whitcombe & Tombs. AWMM
    • Haigh, J., Polaschek, A. (Eds.). (1993). New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. Christchurch, N.Z.: Authors. AWMM