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James Hardie Neil

Unknown photographer (1918) So many more German wounded came into a New Zealand Ambulance that a Bavarian Medical Officer was detailed to attend to his compatriots. Colonel J. Hardie Neil (third left) and Major H.M. Goldstein (far right). Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira. PH-ALB-418 H974. Image has no known copyright restirctions.

Unknown photographer (1918) So many more German wounded came into a New Zealand Ambulance that a Bav …


  • Title
  • Forenames
    James Hardie AWMM
  • Surname
    Neil AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    • South African N/N AWMM
    • WWI 3/1307 AWMM
    • WWII 800691 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    • 27 February 1875 AWMM DunedinOtago AWMM
    • 27 February 1875 Noel Smith Research Project
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    • Unknown AWMM
    • Mrs M E Hardie Neil (wife), 64 Symonds St, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
    • Mrs M E Hardie Neil (wife), 64 Symonds St, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status


Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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Training and Enlistment

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Husband of Mary Elizabeth Coates

    Neil was educated at Otago Boys High School and Otago University (MBChB 1898, MRCS 1902).

    He left with the 4th Contingent for Africa on the S.S. Tagus on 12 June 1901 arriving at Port Chalmers on 11 November 1901. The Contingent was disbanded on 21 July 1901.

    Neil had a medical practice in Symonds Street, Auckland, and was also an Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeon at both Auckland Hospital and Mercy Hospital.

    Married Mary Elizabeth Coates in 1903. She died on 14 February 1959, aged 83. They resided at "Pahi", 64 Symonds Street, Auckland and raised 2 sons and 5 daughters.

    In WWI he served in Egypt and France commanding No.3 Field Ambulance.

    In WW2 he was Officer Commanding the 12th Field Ambulance, Home Guard, Epsom, Auckland.

    He was also associated with the Administration and Organisation of the Emergency Precaution Service.

    The Auckland Museum Library's manuscripts collection holds an autograph album belonging to James Hardie Neil, containing autographs, mainly of fellow New Zealand Medical Corps staff, but also including those of several residents of Le Quesnoy. Also featured are 13 small watercolour paintings and pen and ink drawings by 3/3446 Private John Weeks and 3/1761 Private Clement ('Clem') Comer. [Ref. MS 383]

    Auckland Museum Boer War "Sieges, Shrapnel & Scalpels" Display. Items on display are a Red Cross Arm band and a medical chest. AWMM
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About death

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  • Death
    • 27 January 1955 AWMM
    • 27 May 1955 Noel Smith Research Project
      Age 81 AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Purewa Cemetery and Crematorium, Meadowbank, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
    Death notice: New Zealand Herald, 29 January 1955 AWMM
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference



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  • Memorial name

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Haigh, J., Polaschek, A. (Eds.). (1993). New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. Christchurch, N.Z.: Authors. AWMM
    • This record as partially completed by information provided by Noel George Smith (2020-2021). AWMM
      Military Service Record AWMM
    • Stowers, R. (2002). Rough Riders at War: history of New Zealand's involvement in the Anglo-Boer war 1899-1902 and information on all members of the ten New Zealand contingents. Author: Hamilton, N.Z. AWMM
    • New Zealand Contingents to South Africa: Nominal Rolls (1900). Wellington, N.Z.: Government Printer. AWMM
      24: 34 AWMM
    • New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1917). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume II. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
    • Neil, J.H. (1919 rev 1940). Field ambulance organization and administration. London: H.K. Lewis. AWMM
    • Neil, James Hardie. Autograph album, 1916 - 1921. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. PD-1959-1. AWMM
    • The New Zealand Herald AWMM
      Death notice: New Zealand Herald, 29 January 1955 AWMM
    • Unknown photographer. (1914 - 1918) [Battles at Ypres and Messines]. Auckland War Memorial Museum - Tamaki Paenga Hira. PH-ALB-195. AWMM
    • Neil, J. H., & Neil, T. H. (1948). Ear, nose and throat nursing. Auckland, N.Z.: Auckland Service Printery. AWMM
    • Beattie, P.J. & Pomeroy, M. (2013-2020). Onward : portraits of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (vols 1-5). Auckland, New Zealand: Fair Dinkum Publications AWMM
      Vol. 1: Includes portrait AWMM


Command item
Command item
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DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
01 May 2021MarcusSydney, AustraliaDirect descendant
28 August 2017AllanRotoruaResearcher

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