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Edward Allan McPhail

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Portrait of Captain Edward Allan McPhail, Auckland Weekly News, 7 October 1942. Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections AWNS-19421007-19-2. Image has no known copyright restrictions.
Portrait of Captain Edward Allan McPhail, Auckland Weekly Ne … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Edward Allan AWMM
  • Surname
    McPhail AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    WWII 8044 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    31 December 1906 AWMM AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    • WW2 Pre 1940 AWMM Care of Bank of N.Z., Christchurch AWMM
    • WW2 Pre 1944 AWMM C/o Bank of N.Z., Christchurch AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    • WW2 Mr. E. McPhail, care of D.E.S. McPhail, Rangiora (father) AWMM
    • WW2 Mrs. P.S. McPhail, Nurses' Home, Public Hospital, Christchurch (w) AWMM
  • Relationship status

Service

Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) AWMM
      DSO citation: "Lieutenant Colonel McPhail commanded 21st Battalion which was one of the attacking battalions on the night 9 April 1945 over the Senio. This position was strongly held and enemy resistance was heavy. The battalion destroyed the defences and captured 186 prisoners. Lieutenant Colonel McPhail realising that the enemy would not be able to establish himself quickly pushed on and by his initiative and personal example the battalion had cleared the enemy from the Canal di Lugo by the next day. This action allowed the next attack to take place that night and caused the complete defeat of the enemy in that sector. AWMM
    • Military Cross and bar (MC*) AWMM
      24 September 1942 AWMM
      The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for McPhail, Edward Alan. (Ref. WO 373/27/302). Bar to Military Cross. AWMM
    • 1939-1945 Star AWMM
    • Africa Star AWMM
    • Italy Star AWMM
    • Defence Medal AWMM
    • War Medal 1939-1945 with oak leaf AWMM
    • Coronation Medal 1953 AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    WW2 Sep 1939 AWMM
    Age 32 AWMM
    Banker/Civilian AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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  • Embarkation details
    WW2 Private AWMM

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM
    Wounded 9 April 1943 AWMM

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Enlisted with 2 NZEF as a Private in 1939 but was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant with 23 Battalion in 1940

    Promoted to Captain and appointed Intelligence Officer (IO) of 5 Infantry Brigade in 1942

    Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and served as temporary Commanding Officer (CO) of 23 Battalion, May-June 1944

    Appointed permanent CO of 23 Battalion in August 1944

    CO of 21 Battalion in October 1944

    Returned to New Zealand in May 1945

    Served with Territorial Forces after World War 2 ended

    Promoted to Brigadier and appointed Commander of 3 New Zealand Infantry Brigade in 1948

    Retired in 1954

    Lt-Col E. A. McPhail, DSO, MC and bar, m.i.d.; Rangiora; born Wanganui, 31 Dec 1906; bank official; CO 23 Bn 6 May-10 Jun 1944, 4 Aug-13 Oct 1944; CO 21 Bn 30 Oct 1944-25 May 1945; wounded 9 Apr 1943. (Source: Borman, C.A. Divisional Signals. p.274.) AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    • 27 January 1967 AWMM
      Age 60 AWMM
      AshburtonCanterbury AWMM
    • 27 January 1967 21Bn Assoc. Inc. Records. MS-2008-42.
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

Remember Edward Allan McPhail by laying a poppy.

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Leave a tribute or memory of Edward Allan McPhail

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1942). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 5 (Embarkations from 1st July, 1941 to 30 September, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
    • 21 Battalion (Official history of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939-45) AWMM
      pp.395, 396, 402, 404, 406, 409, 415, 418, 423, 424, 425, 427, 433, 434, 435, 436, 438. AWMM
    • Borman, C. (1954). Divisional Signals. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.274, 275, 277, 284, 285. AWMM
    • Kay, R. (1958). 27 (Machine Gun) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.435, 501. AWMM
    • McClymont, W. (1959). To Greece. Wellington, N.Z.: Department Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.377, 380. AWMM
    • Murphy, W.E. (1961). The relief of Tobruk. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      p.467n. AWMM
    • Ross, A. (1959). 23 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.9, 49, 52, 107, 135, 339, 343, 348, 350, 354, 371, 380, 383, 386, 388, 389, 390, 391, 393, 395, 463, 474, 475, 477, 478. AWMM
    • Kay, R. (1967). Italy. Volume 2. From Cassino to Trieste. Dept. of Internal Affairs, Historical Publications Branch, Wellington, N.Z. AWMM
      pp.52, 70, 248, 341, 382, 390n, 441, 503-4, 532, 548. AWMM
    • Scoullar, J. L. (1955). Battle for Egypt : the summer of 1942. Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch, Wellington, N.Z. AWMM
      pp.258, 259, 278, 301. AWMM
    • Walker, R. (1967). Alam Halfa and Alamein. Dept. of Internal Affairs, Historical Publications Branch, Wellington, N.Z. AWMM
      pp.145, 148. AWMM
    • Veterans' club : the comradeship and memories of Auckland's 21st infantry battalion. Auckland War Memorial Museum : Auckland. Accompanies exhibition held in the Pictorial Gallery, second floor, Auckland War Memorial Museum, 24 March-21 May 2006. AWMM
    • 21 New Zealand Infantry Battalion Association Inc. Records, 1955 - 2005. Auckland War Memorial Museum. MS-2008-42. AWMM
The development of the Online Cenotaph is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.