Date of birth
Place of birth
Address before enlistment
WW1 Pre 5 August 1914 AWMM Maungahuia, Dannevirke, New Zealand AWMM
Post war occupation
Next of kin on embarkation
WW1 Mrs A. Coningham (mother), 123 Cuba Street, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
Pre 15 August 1914 AWMM Single AWMM
POW liberation details
POW serial number
- Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM
Contracted typhoid fever in 1916 AWMM
- Wounds Diseases Etc., WWI AWMM
Wounded in action twice with the Royal Flying Corps AWMM
- 29 January 1948 AWMMKilled in Air Accident, Cause of Death AWMM
Coningham disappeared when G-AHNP Star Tiger was lost off the east coast of the United States on route to Bermuda. AWMM
Although Coningham was born in Australia, he was raised in New Zealand.
Educated Terrace School and Wellington College.
Joined the New Zealand forces on the outbreak of war in 1914. He first served with the Wellington Regiment in Samoa
Later he ended up at Gallipoli with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles. At some point in 1916, he contracted typhoid fever, invalided and was discharged from the NZEF.
Determined not to sit out the rest of the war, after he had sufficiently recovered, he traveled to England and joined the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) late in 1916.
Flight Commander with 32 Squadron, RFC in 1917.
Officer Commanding (OC) of 92 Squadron, RFC, in 1918.
The actual number of enemy aircraft he shot down in WWI differs depending on the source. According to Haigh & Polaschek, it was only 9 confirmed victories; according to the Aerodrome.com website, it was 14; and according to the RAF Web biography, it was 19. The Aerodrome.com website gives a detailed list of his victories.
Air Officer Commanding (AOC) of 4 Group, Bomber Command, Royal Air Force (RAF) 1939-41.
AOC 1 Tactical Air Force (TAF), North Africa, Sicily, Italy, 1943-44.
Coningham appeared on the cover of Time Magazine on 14 August 1944.
AOC 2 TAF, invasion of northwest Europe and Germany, 1944-45.
Commander-in-Chief of Flying Training Command, RAF, 1945-47.
While en route to Bermuda on board a British South American Airways flight, the aircraft on which Coningham was travelling, BSAAC "Star Tiger", disappeared in the area known as the Bermuda Triangle. On board the "Star Tiger" was fellow NZer Brian McMillan (see separate Cenotaph record for more information).
Date of death may have been 29 January or 30 January 1948.
Haigh & Polaschek give Coningham's birthdate as 19 January 1895. Other sources give his birthdate as 11 March 1895. AWMM
Roll of Honour
Remember Arthur Coningham by laying a poppy.
Leave a note
Leave a tribute or memory of
- Haigh, J., Polaschek, A. (Eds.). (1993). New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. Christchurch, N.Z.: Authors. AWMM
- New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
Vol1: 143 AWMM
- Orange, V. (1990). Coningham: a Biography of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham. London, England: Methuen. AWMM
- Thompson, H. (1956). New Zealanders with the Royal Air Force (Vols. 1-3). Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
volume 2. AWMM
- Beattie, P.J. & Pomeroy, M. (2013-2015). Onward : portraits of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (vols 1-3). Auckland, New Zealand: Fair Dinkum Publications AWMM
Vol. 2: Includes portrait AWMM
The development of the Online Cenotaph is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.