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Charles Heaphy

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Charles Heaphy. Ref: 1/2-003062-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. http://natlib.govt.nz/records/22544487. Image has now known copyright restrictions.
Charles Heaphy. Ref: 1/2-003062-F. Alexander Turnbull Librar … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Charles AWMM
  • Surname
    Heaphy AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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Service

Wars and conflicts

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Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    Victoria Cross (VC) AWMM
    VC gazetted 8 February 1867. Citation: "On 11 Febuary 1864 on the banks of the Mangapiko River, New Zealand, Major Heaphy went to the assistance of a soldier who had fallen into a hollow where there were a great many Maoris concealed. While doing this, the major became a target for a volley from only a few feet away. Five musket balls pierced his clothes and cap and he was hit in three places, but in spite of this he stayed with the wounded man all day." (Register of the VC, p145) Awarded to Heaphy on 11 May 1867 at a parade in Auckland. He was honoured for his actions on 11 February 1864 when "under intense fire, went to the aid of a wounded soldier at Waiari, near Te Awamutu." (DNZB, p182) AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Charles Heaphy was the son of Thomas Heaphy, a watercolourist and miniature painter, and Mary Stevenson, who died shortly after his birth.

    Heaphy was briefly educated at the Royal Academy of Art and subsequently employed as draughtsman with the London and Birminghgam Railway Company and later the New Zealand Company.

    He arrived in New Zealand at Ship Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound on 18 August 1839 aboard the "Tory" (having boarded it on the 9 May at Plymouth).

    Employed with the NZ Company, he joined several expeditions as surveyor as well as draughtsman. It was on these expeditions that he produced some of his best known body of work of geographical watercolours, portrait studies, charts and coastal profiles of New Zealand.

    After a failed attempt to settle into farming life in Motueka and some years of poverty in Nelson, Heaphy found employment with the colonial government in Auckland as draughtsman in the Survey Office.

    In Auckland, on 30 October 1851, he married Catherine Letitia Churton. They would have no children of their own.

    From his position at the Survey office, Heaphy entered a career as a public official, first serving as secretary to Governor Grey in 1853, and later as chief surveyor, a member of the House of Representatives, and several posts in the McLean ministry.

    Heaphy is notable as the first man serving with the New Zealand Forces to be awarded the VC.

    Victoria Cross held by the Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New ZealandIt is on display in the New Zealand Wars section of the Scars on the Heart galleries situated on level 2 of the Museum. AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    3 August 1881 AWMM
    BrisbaneQueensland AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    Toowong Cemetery, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name
    Dunedin, Victoria Cross winners' plaque, Queens Gardens, Dunedin, New Zealand AWMM

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • The Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, England: This England. AWMM
    • Harper, G., & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z.: HarperCollins NZ. AWMM
    • Gudgeon, E.W. (1887). The defenders of New Zealand : being a short biography of colonists who distinguished themselves in upholding Her Majesty's supremacy in these islands. Auckland, N.Z.: H. Brett. AWMM
    • The Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, England: This England. AWMM
    • Dictionary of New Zealand Biography AWMM
      Vol. 1, p. 181-183 AWMM
    • Gudgeon, E.W. (1887). The defenders of New Zealand : being a short biography of colonists who distinguished themselves in upholding Her Majesty's supremacy in these islands. Auckland, N.Z.: H. Brett. AWMM
      p. 124-126 AWMM
    • Cowan, J. (1922). The New Zealand wars : a history of the Maori campaigns and the pioneering period. Vol. 1 1845-1865. Wellington, N.Z.: Government Print. AWMM
      Vol. 1, p. 288n, 348, 349 AWMM
    • Harper, G., & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z.: HarperCollins NZ. AWMM
      p.41-43 AWMM
    • The Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, England: This England. AWMM
      Buzzell, N. (1997). p. 549 AWMM
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