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Horomona Tipene

Portrait, Horomona Tipene in uniform (kindly provided by Pita Tipene (Secretary of the Reunion Cttee 2006, and close relation) - This image may be subject to copyright

Portrait, Horomona Tipene in uniform (kindly provided by Pita Tipene (Secretary of the Reunion Cttee …


  • Title
  • Forenames
    Horomona AWMM
  • Surname
    Tipene AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    Solomon AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 39487 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    WW2 Unknown AWMM Motatau, Whangarei, North Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    WW2 Mrs M. Tipene (wife), Motatau, Whangarei, North Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Unknown AWMM Married AWMM


Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    • Greece AWMM
    • 1941 Crete AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    WWII 39487 AWMM
  • Military service
    • New Zealand AWMM
    • Aldershot AWMM
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Branch Trade Proficiency
  • Enlistment
    WW2 Unknown AWMM
    Age 27 AWMM
    Carpenter/Civilian AWMM
    WhangareiNorthland AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
  • Age on enlistment


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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
    • WW2 POW - Stalag VIII-B (later 344), Lamsdorf, Poland AWMM
      Crete, Greece AWMM
      02 Jun 1941-29 April 1945 AWMM
      Participating in Battle for Crete AWMM
    • WW2 POW - Crete List of 2NZEF POW (MS 2009/8)
      Crete, Greece List of 2NZEF POW (MS 2009/8)
    • WW2 POW - Stalag VIII-B (later 344), Lamsdorf, Poland 2NZEF, Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. N.Z. 1945.
      Germany, Europe 2NZEF, Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. N.Z. 1945.
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
    WW2 29 April 1945 AWMM
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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  • Last rank

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Pita Tipene, 2006 Reunion Secretary, described how Horomona (Solomon) Tipene was born and raised into a family of 21 in Motatau. He went to World War II with his brother Titiro (Ruki) Tipene. Sir James Henare was their cousin as their mother Mereana was a sister of Tau Henare, MP.

    He trained in New Zealand and then Aldershot in England, before being transported from Liverpool via Seirra Leone to Tufic at the entrance to the Suez Canal. From there he went to military camp in Alexandria, and Cairo. Shortly after he went to Greece and it was there that he first engaged with the enemy and fought in the front line at Mt Olympus. He was part of the evacuation from Greece to Crete. He was capture by the Germans on Crete and transported as a POW by rail to Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Austria and Czechoslavakia.

    He spent the remainder of the war in captivity working in a sugar beet factory, a gas works and benzene factory.

    He was one of those prisoners who took part in the three month Long March across Germany from Poland, at times through thick snow. This was a difficult treck for the soldiers and he often carried one of his friends on piggyback to help them along.

    He was flown by American troop carrier from Munich to France. From there by Lancaster bomber to Margate in the United Kingdom and hospitalized. He finally returned to New Zealand via Liverpool arriving at Wellington on 20 July 1946. They travelled via Panama.

    He was met by his mother and taken home for a party at the family papakainga, Te Hurihanga.

    He didn't talk much about his war experiences but he did mention that the skies of Crete were black with parachutists. He often used German words in his conversation and it was not uncommon to hear words like 'achtung'.

    He donated generously to organisation such as the Red Cross as he said the parcels sent to the POWs by the Red Cross during the war were everything to the men.

    He is buried beside many other Maori Battalion and other servicemen, including his brother Ruki and his cousin Sir James Henare.

    Pita Tipene, 2006 Reunion Secretary. AWMM
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About death

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  • Death
    7 April 1979 AWMM
    New Zealand AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
    urupa, Takapuna urupa, Motatau, Bay of Islands, New Zealand AWMM
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference



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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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  • External links
  • References
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 2: WW2 186 AWMM
    • List of 2NZEF Prisoners of War. 1941-1945. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 2009/8. AWMM
    • Great Britain Army. (1945). Germany and German occupied territories : imperial prisoners of war alphabetical list : section 4. London, U.K.: Government Printer. AWMM
    • Cody, J. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
    • Information kindly provided by family AWMM

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