War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front, North Russia
Embarked onboard HMNZT No 21, 17 April 1915.
Joined unit and posted to 10th (North Otago) Company, Otago Infantry Battalion, and reverts to ranks, Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 8 June 1915.
Promoted to Corporal, 12 August 1915.
Admitted to 16th Casualty Clearing Station, Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 19 August 1915; transferred to HMHS 'Gloucester Castle', Imbros, 25 August 1915; admitted to 2nd Southern General Hospital (Southmead Hospital), Bristol, England, 22 September 1915; discharged, and attached to Weymouth Depot, 26 October 1915.
On furlough, England, 9 November 1915 and returned to active service, 11 January 1916.
Disembarked, Alexandria, Egypt, and rejoins unit at Ismailia, 23 January 1916.
Admitted to New Zealand General Hospital, Pont de Koubbeh, 7 February 1916 (hammer toe); discharged to New Zealand Base Depot, Gezirah, 28 March 1916; attached to New Zealand Base Depot, Gezirah, 31 March 1916.
Joined 2nd Battalion, Canterbury Infantry Regiment, at Moascar Camp and proceeded to embark at Alexandria onboard HMT 'Oceania' for France, 8 April 1916.
Reverts to ranks at own request, 6 May 1916.
Transfers from 2nd Battalion, Canterbury Infantry Regiment, to 2nd Battalion, Otago Infantry Regiment, and is posted to 4th (Otago) Company, 10 May 1916.
Attached to No 1 Australian Tunnelling Company, 30 May 1916.
Found guilty, 12 September 1916, of being drunk and causing damage by breaking a pane of glass to the amount of 3 Francs, 10 September 196: awarded 7 days' Field Punishment No 1 and ordered to pay damages (3 Francs), 12 September 1916.
Found guilty by Field General Court Martial, 9 October 1916, of disobeying a laul command given by a superior officer on 1 October 1916 (in confinement awaiting trial, 1-9 October 1916); sentenced to 42 days' Field Punishment No 1, 9 October 1916.
Admitted to 6th (London) Field Ambulance, 22 November, 1916 (hammer toe); admitted to No 2 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station, 23 November 1916; admitted No 5 British Red Cross Hospital (Lady Hadfield's Hospital), Wimereux, 27 November 1916; admitted to No 1 Convalescent Depot, Boulogne, 28 November 1916; attached to strength of New Zealand General Base Depot, Etaples, 4 December 1916; admitted to 2nd Southern General Hospital, Bristol, England, 7 December 1916; discharged to NZEF Base Depot, 12 December 1916; marched out to New Zealand Command Depot, Codford, 14 February 1917.
Attached to strength of New Zealand Command Depot, Codford, 17 February, 1917.
Found guilty, 14 June 1917, of being absent without leave from 11:00pm 11 June to 8:30pm 12 June 1917: ordered to forfeit 2 days' pay.
12 Irene Dolan (spinster), Liverpool, 26 June 1917.
Admitted to No 3 New Zealand General Hospital, Codford, 7 July 1917 (hammer toe); discharged and attached to New Zealand Command Depot, Codford, 7 August 1917.
Found guilty, 30 August 1917, of breaking camp and being absent without leave from 3:00pm, 28 August 1917 until apprehended by Military Police at Trowbridge at 9:40am, 29 August 1917, and giving a false name and number to Police namely '25036 Private [name illegible]': awarded 10 days' confined to barracks and fined a total of 12 days' pay, Codford, 30 August 1917.
Appointed Cook, 6 September 1917.
Relinquished appointment as Cook, 24 May 1918.
Reported at HQ NZEF, London, from New Zealand Command Depot, Codford, for special duty and appointed Temporary Sergeant, 25 May 1918.
Promoted Sergeant and detailed 'On Command' for duty with Imperial Forces and posted to Instructional Staff, Tower of London, 27 May 1918.
Embarked onboard HMT 'City of Marseilles', Newcastle, 16 June 1918; disembarked Murmansk, 23 June 1916.
Admitted to Hospital, Murmansk, 26 June 1918 (influenza); discharged 27 June 1918.
Disembarked Archangel, 3 August 1918.
Awarded Military Medal for gallantry in the field, 25 September 1918.
Discharged from NZEF and transferred to Imperial Forces with effect from 15 October 1918.
Commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant, New Zealand Infantry, 16 October 1918.
Awarded (Russian) Cross of St George 4th Class, Archangel, 21 March 1919.
Discharged from Imperial Forces, England, 4 September, 1919.
Medals: Member of the Order of the British Empire, Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal, (Russian) Cross of St George 4th Class AWMM