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Part 2: Study day

SAT 7 NOV, 9am - 5pm
Auditorium, $30 + booking fee (CATERED LUNCH AND TEAS PROVIDED)

Turkish Cemetery, Gallipoli.

Turkish Cemetery, Gallipoli.

Photo by Chris Barfoot.

The Study Day is Part of the War Remembrance and Reconciliation event at Auckland Museum. A lecture will take place on Friday 6 November. The War Remembrance and Reconciliation event will focus on the remembrance of the war dead in three wars: the Musket wars 1807 - 1842, the New Zealand Wars and the First World War 1914 - 1918.

There will be an attempt to analyse objectively the reasons why these deaths took place. Emotional involvement may make this a difficult process because it introduces the search for reconciliation to the act of war remembrance. Such reconciliation, if it is for the long term, may involve recognition that there have been failures in understanding and a lack of truth. This means facing up to our own failings as well as willingness to forgive others.


9.00am Opening

Remembering the dead and reconciling the past in the present for the future from a Māori cultural paradigm. Tāmaki Paenga Hira – The Auckland War Memorial Museum, is truly a memorial to fallen chiefs and their gathered taonga, but stands for much more than is often appreciated. Its location on a site named Pukekawa (hill of bitter memories) is an opportunity to recall a history of conflict and peacemaking, planning and strategic alliance-building, sorrow and grief, and the actions of great leaders who find life in death, and constantly weave people together to bring about lasting and tangible arrangements for peace, in ways that we uphold and gain strength from today.

Margaret Kāwharu, MNZM and Bernard Makoare, Ngāti Whātua

9.50 am

Peacemaking in the Musket Wars – the impact of the Christian Gospel. The first missionaries arrived in perilous times. Musket power was surpassing hand-to-hand combat for settling old scores, effectively changing tribal dynamics across the North Island. It was unsafe to move from protection in the Bay of Islands until bold men like Henry and William Williams won the respect of Māori, brokering peace and reconciliation between warring chiefs. The Bible message including the foreign concept of forgiveness and a loving God who treated all equally, combined with education and literacy in the Māori language, captured the imagination of the next generation of leaders who became peacemakers, encouraging a new trade-led prosperity. The reconciliation message was often taken by Māori to their own people well ahead of any European missionary presence.

Keith Newman, author of Bible & Treaty, Beyond Betrayal and Rātana the Prophet

10.35 am

Morning tea – catering provided

11.00 am

How do we remember and reconcile? Gate Pā and Gallipoli. The speakers, both from St George's Anglican Church, Tauranga, will speak about the 150th commemoration of the Battle of Gate Pā last year. St George’s Church is on the site of the battle and it played a key role in the commemoration ceremonies which honoured both Māori tīpuna and British forbears. In his address during the 150th commemoration, John discussed the concept of repentance by Pākehā for the confiscation of Māori land after the wars. He will explore that idea further during this talk. Cliff attended the 100th commemoration of the Gallipoli Campaign in Turkey this year, and he will examine common themes in the Gate Pā and Gallipoli commemorations.  

Reverend John Hebenton and church warden and military historian, Dr Cliff Simons

11.45 am

The other side of the Gallipoli story. Nejat Kavvas was appointed as the Honorary Consul-General of the Republic of Turkey in 1985, and served for 28 years in this capacity. In 1985 he made contact with the New Zealand Government to initiate the tripartite commemoration of the Gallipoli Battles which we enjoy today. This year he was invited by the Chief of General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces to attend all three commemoration ceremonies that took place on Gallipoli Peninsula on the centennial anniversary.

Nejat Kavvas, formerly Turkish Consul-General in New Zealand

12.30 pm

Lunch - catering provided

1.30 pm

Did New Zealand war memorials encourage war? In the years after both the New Zealand Wars and the First World War, New Zealanders put up war memorials so that the war and the people who died in the conflicts would not be forgotten. For some people the memorials were a way of remembering the loss of loved ones.  They were a surrogate tomb.  For others war memorials were a way of recalling with pride achievements in war, and provide a model of the warrior spirit for future generations of Kiwi men. This illustrated talk will look at the memorials of the New Zealand Wars and the First World War and analyse how far their motivation was to mourn the dead in sorrow and how far to promote the warrior tradition.

Jock Phillips, ONZM, New Zealand historian, author and encyclopedist

2.15 pm

War, remembrance and the pacifist alternative. This talk explores the way in which war remembrance narratives and practices are part of a broader militaristic culture which subjugates the pacifist viewpoint. Specifically, Richard suggests that narratives of necessity, threat, sacrifice, and duty function to position pacifism as idealistic, naïve, traitorous, and cowardly, and normalise war as a permanent social institution. However, a close examination of the evidence and arguments reveals that pacifism provides a credible and realistic alternative to warism and the use of military violence. Richard argues that as individuals and a society, we ought to adopt pacifism as a means of breaking cycles of violence, establishing positive peace, and enhancing democratic culture.

Professor Richard Jackson, Deputy Director, National Centre of Peace and Conflict Studies, Otago University

3.00 pm

Afternoon tea - catering provided

3.30 pm

Parihaka – Pāhua Day (the Day of Plunder). The story of the non-violent resistance to the Taranaki confiscations, led by Te Whiti o Rongomai and Tohu Kākahi, and the military assault on Parihaka, told by a person from Parihaka.

Tonga Karena, Ph.D student  from the National Centre of Peace and Conflict Studies, Otago University

4.00 pm

Panel of speakers

5.00 pm



Reverend Dr Allan Davidson (ONZM) Presbyterian Minister, historian and lecturer in Church History at St John's Theological College for 27 years. He is the author of many books, chapters and articles on religious history in New Zealand and the Pacific, including Christianity in Aotearoa: A History of Church and Society in New  Zealand.

Margaret Kāwharu (Whātua and Mahurehure), based in Kaipara, is the elected representative on Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei Trust and Ngā Maunga Whakahii o Kaipara Development Trust. She is the senior Māori Advisor at Massey University in Auckland and contributor to Tangata Whenua, The Māori World, Mataora, and Te Tīmatanga - Tātau Tātau.

Bernard Makoare (Te Rarawa and Ngāti Whātua) is a world-renowned artist, designer and musician based in Kaihu. He is member of Haerewa, the Māori advisory board which works with the Auckland Art Gallery and was a Ngāti Whātua representative on the Taumata-a-iwi at the Auckland Museum.

Keith Newman is an award-winning journalist and public speaker who has had books published on New Zealand's Christian heritage, including Bible & Treaty, Beyond Betrayal and Rātana the Prophet.

Reverend John Hebenton is Vicar of St George's Church, Gate Pā. His previous roles include National Youth Facilitator for the Anglican Pākehā Dioceses of Province of New Zealand and the Minister Provincial for the Anglican Third Order of Saint Francis.

Dr Cliff Simons is Church Warden, St George's Church. He is a military historian of Gate Pā and Te Ranga battles and attended the Gallipoli Centennial Commemoration.

Nejat Kavvas was Honorary Consul-General of the Republic of Turkey in New Zealand from 1985 - 2013. He worked with the New Zealand Government to start tripartite commemoration of the Gallipoli battles and attended all three commemoration ceremonies. He is retired from business and is making glass and bronze sculptures in his Takapuna studio.

Jock Phillips (ONZM) is a New Zealand author and historian, editor of Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand and the 2011 recipient of the Royal Society of New Zealand's Pou Aronui Award for service to the humanities-aronui.

Professor Richard Jackson is the Deputy Director of the National Centre of Peace and Conflict Studies at Otago University and editor-in-chief of Journal of Critical Studies in Terrorism. He is a former Professor of International Politics at Aberystwyth University in Wales and has written a novel, Confessions of a Terrorist.

Tonga Karena is from Taranaki and Tuhoe descent. His research background has been focused on language and customary law, as well as translation. His current position is a researcher for Te tai o Poutini Polytechnic looking at Māori student retention.

Booking information

$30 + booking fee (catered lunch and teas provided)

Bookings recommended. Door sales subject to availability. Book at ticket desks, phone +64 9 306 7048 or book online. A booking fee of $3 applies to each offsite transaction. 

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The event is organised by the Aotearoa New Zealand Peace and Conflict Studies Centre Trust, New Zealand Christian Network, Pax Christi, Anglican Pacifist Fellowship and Auckland Labour History Group.