13 July - 20 July

Ngā mihi o te wā o te Matariki ki a kōutou kātoa

Ngā mihi o te wā o te Matariki ki a kōutou kātoa

Matariki is the Māori name for the group of stars also known as Pleiades or the Seven Sisters. It has two meanings, both referring to the star cluster; Mata Riki (Tiny Eyes) and Mata Ariki (Eyes of God).  The mid-winter rise of Matariki in the pre-dawn sky signals the beginning of the Maori New Year. Matariki was traditionally a time for planting and harvesting for the coming months. It was a time for whānau to come together, celebrate their joys, look forward to the future and reflect on the loss of loved ones that had passed. Knowledge and history were also shared through tikanga, waiata, whakangāhau, whakairo, raranga and pūrakau. In more recent times, it has become a special time of year to respect the land we live on, celebrate the unique place we live in and continue to share and grow with each other.

Matariki is important to Māori and Pacific people and other cultures around the world. This is reflected in the whakatauki (proverb) Matariki hunga nui (Matariki has many admirers, Matariki brings us together). It was celebrated by the ancient Greeks, Inca, Indians, Celts and still is in parts of the Pacific. In Hawaii it is known as Makali’i, Samoa Mata-ali’i and Tahiti as Matarii’i. The constellation was also used by people and cultures as a navigational aid for voyaging the seas.  

Tāmaki Paenga Hira, Auckland Museum, joins with Tāmaki and wider Aotearoa in Matariki celebrations beginning this week - from the first new moon following the winter solstice to the next new moon which is when we can all see the Matariki star cluster rise above the horizon in the pre-dawn sky.

Mānawa maiea te putanga o Matariki
Mānawa maiea te ariki o te rangi
Mānawa maiea te mātahi o te tau

Hail the rise of Matariki
Hail the lord of the sky
Hail the New Year

This karakia was given by Pou Temara in 2013 and translated by Rangi Matamua in his book Matariki The Star of the Year (2017).

Image caption: Bobby Newson, Tumu Here Iwi Relationships Manager, Maori and Pacific Development and Dion Peita, Tumuaki Māori and Pacific Development from Tāmaki Paenga Hira Auckland War Memorial Museum

Hauora: Matariki Conversations through Te Whare Tapa Whā
VIDEO SERIES

Hauora: Matariki Conversations through Te Whare Tapa Whā

Take some time to watch Amiria Puia-Taylor, Precious Clark and Pio Terei share their whakaaro (thoughts) on Matariki and this winter season of gathering, remembering and renewing.

Watch now

Hear from Te Whai Smith

Hear from Te Whai Smith

Te Whai Smith began as an Auckland Museum Intern on 16 December 2019, under the supervision of Ian Proctor, Associate Curator, Documentary Heritage. She entered the Museum Heritage and Practice program at Victoria University, Wellington, as a Masters student after being inspired by the knowledge, skills and dedication of Kaitiaki Taonga professionals in her previous study. Te Whai is working on the George Graham collection, rehousing, re-cataloguing and using Te Ao Māori kaupapa in understanding the collection’s significance.
 

Ko te whiu o te kōrero i whiua ki Tarimano ko Te Aongahoro, ko te ruahine a Tawakeheimoa kia rere ki mua ko Rangiwewehi e. Ka tahuri te titiro ki raro, ki ngā tara o Whaingaroa, ngā kāinga mata o tōku whanaketanga. He tuhikura ki te rangi ko Ngāti Pakahi, ko Tahawai ki te whenua, e tū mā konā e ara e.

Ka tahuri ngā whakaaro ki ngā mate, ki ngā tira o te kākahi, haere atu rā koutou ki te huinga kahurangi, ki te hono i wairua okioki ai. Ka hoki mai ngā whakaaro ki ngā mataora, ki ngā āhuatanga o te wā. Nau mai Matariki, te mātahi o te tau. He wā tēnei hei tuku i ngā āhuatanga me ngā taumahatanga o tērā tau, ā, he wā noki kia huakina te ngākau me te whatumanawa ki ngā āhuatanga o te tau hou. Nō reira, tāiri mai e Matariki, e Pohutukawa, e Hiwa-i-te-rangi! Taiāwhio, tēnā tātou.

Ko Te Whai Mātauranga Meiporo Smith tōku ingoa. He mokopuna ahau nō te Kohanga Reo, he raukura nō te Kura Kaupapa Māori, he tauira noki nō Te Wānanga o Raukawa. I whānau mai ahau i Ōtaki, heoi anō, i tipu ake ahau ki ngā rekereke o maunga Emiemi, ki te papakāinga o tōku karani pāpā a Nuki Aldridge ki Rataroa, ki Whaingaroa.

I tēnei wā he ākonga ahau ki te Whare Wānanga o Wikitōria. E aru ana ahau i ngā mātauranga o te whare pupuri taonga, ā, ko te ingoa o te tohu e whāia ana e au ko te ‘Museum and Heritage Practise’. I tipu te hōkaka me te pīkoko i roto i ahau kia aru i tēnei o ngā ara i te wā au i te kura. Ā, ko Vicky Heikel tērā i te kōrero mō āna mahi tiaki taonga ā-pepa, he kōrero tēnei i kitea e au i tētahi pukapuka i tōku kura. I reira i tipu tuatahi te hiahia. I a au i Te Wānanga o Raukawa (2015) i tae atu tōku akomanga ki tētahi kauwhau e hāngai ana ki tētahi kaupapa o Te Papa Tongarewa, ā, ko Migoto Eria rāua ko Paora Tibble tērā. I reira i tipu kaha te hiahia. I te 2019 i whakatau ahau ka aru au i tēnei tohu mō te kaupapa e kīa nei ko ‘Museum and Heritage’. 

I tēnei tau i whai wāhi ahau kia haere mai ki kōnei, ki Tāmaki Paenga Hira, ki te whakatūtuki i te wāhanga whakamutunga o taku tohu. Kei te wāhanga o te whare taonga ahau e tiaki ana i ngā taonga ā-pepa (Documentary Heritage). Ko taku kaupapa he tiaki, he pupuri, he pupuru i ngā taonga ā-pepa o te Kohikohinga o Hori Kereama (George Graham Collection). E whā pea aku mahi ki tēnei kohikohinga. Tuatahi ko te whakapaipai i te wāhi noho o ngā taonga ā-pepa nei, arā, he whakaraupapa i ngā tuhituhinga, he whakarite pouaka anō e roa ake te ora o ēnei taonga. Tuarua, ko tāku he aro nui ki ngā tuhinga i te reo Māori, he tirotiro ki te rārangi rauemi o te kohikohinga nei kia kite mēnā he tika ngā whakamāramatanga mō ia mea. Tuatoru, he tuhi rīpoata mō te hiranga o tēnei kohikohinga. Ko te tikanga o tēnei kia mōhio a Tāmaki Paenga Hira mēnā he mana tō te taonga kia noho mai ki tā koutou whare. Ko te mahi whakamutunga he kauwhau i taku kaupapa.

Ko tētahi o ngā pātai mōku ake mō taku noho ki Tāmaki Paenga Hira, me pēhea ahau e whakatinana i te mātauranga Māori ki roto i aku mahi? I whakaaro ahau ki tēnei mea te whakapapa me ōna āhuatanga maha. E ai ki te Māori, mā te whakapapa e whakamārama i te hononga o te tangata ki te tangata, otirā, o te tangata ki ngā mea katoa e ora ana. Nā, i taku rangahau i ngā āhuatanga o te kohikohinga o Hori Kereama i rapurapu haere ahau i ngā hononga o Hori Kereama ki ngā tupuna i whai wāhi ki roto i tōna kohinga. Nā te whakapapa ahau i ārahi ki ngā hononga whakapapa o tēnā tupuna, o tēnā tupuna me tā rātou whanaungatanga ki a Hori Kereama, me te mea nei e hara i te mea i hopu noa iho a Kereama i ēnei kōrero hei painga mōna ake. Nā te whakapapa i pūrangiaho, i mārama ahau ki te āhua, ki te raupapatanga, ki te take noki o tēnei kohikohinga. E whai pānga ana tēnei kohikohinga ki a Ngāti Whātua, ki a Ngāti Whanaunga, ki a Ngāti Paoa, ki a Ngāti Maru, ki Te Uri o Hau, ki Te Kawerau a Maki, ki Wai-o-Hua, ki Ngāti Huarere, ki Ngāti Tunohopu, ki Ngāti Whakaue, ki a Ngāti Awa, ki a Hauraki noki. He maha anō ngā hapū/iwi kāore anō kia whakaingoatia, erangi, ānei te nuinga. Ko tētahi pea o ngā tino āhuatanga o tēnei mahi e tino hiahia ana ahau te whakatutuki ko te tūhono i ngā uri o Hori Kereama ki tēnei kohikohinga. Erangi, nā te poto o taku noho ki kōnei kāore pea e tutuki tēnei hiahia. 

Heoi anō, e mihi ana ki a Ian Proctor. Nānā i whakaae mai kia mahi ahau ki tēnei kaupapa whakahirahira hei whakawhanake i aku mōhiotanga me aku pūkenga tiaki taonga. Nōku te maringanui! Heoi anō rā.



 

Sonia Snowden's kete whakairo

Sonia Snowden's kete whakairo

The star pattern on this kete whakairo made by Sonia Snowden refers to the Matariki constellation. Traditionally the Matariki constellation was used by Māori for navigation and as a signal of the change of seasons. The appearance of Matariki would indicate it was time to prepare food for the coming year. In contemporary times Matariki is referred to as Māori New Year. It is a time to be with friends and family and celebrate our culture.

Sonia Snowden’s kete reminds us Matariki is a time to honour the plants used in weaving and be mindful of the resources Papatuanuku provides.

Ka puta Matariki ka rere Whānui.
Ko te tohu tēnā o te tau e.

Matariki re-appears, Whānui starts its flight.
Being the sign of the new year.

Kete Whakairo, circa 2005 by Sonia Snowden. Auckland War Memorial Museum Tāmaki Paenga Hira. 2017.45.4, 56891

Free Matariki activity for kids

Free Matariki activity for kids

MON 6 - MON 20 JUL, 10AM - 5PM
FREE, OUTSIDE WEIRD & WONDERFUL

Bring your tamariki to get creative this Matariki at Auckland Museum, by making paper wishing stars. 

Find out more

Lighting the Museum for Matariki

Saturday 20 June - Sunday 12 July

Matariki season is a time to be with family and friends, reflect on the past, remember those who are not with us and prepare for the year ahead. As one of Auckland's heritage buildings, we will be participating in honouring Matariki by lighting our building in orange representing the rising of the sun in the morning. Before settling into this colour, the building will shimmer with blue and white, representing the stars of the Matariki cluster.

‘Kua haehae ngā hihi o Matariki’
The rays of Matariki are spread

This comment is spoken when Matariki is seen bright in the night sky, and the rays of its various stars carry messages for the people.