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Online Cenotaph

Brian Bentley Graves

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  • Service number
    1813 AWMM
  • Also known as
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Last rank
    Lieutenant AWMM
    New Zealand Artillery, 4 Field Regiment, 26 Battery AWMM
  • War
    World War II, 1939-1945 AWMM
Portrait, Weekly News - This image may be subject to copyright
Portrait, Weekly News - This image may be subject to copyrig … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Brian Bentley AWMM
  • Surname
    Graves AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    1813 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Date of birth
    14 January 1918 AWMM
  • Place of birth
    Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Birth notes
    Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
    WW2 Clerk AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Address before enlistment
    Unknown 47 Stanley Avenue, Palmerston North, New Zealand AWMM
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    Mr H.I. Graves (father), 60 Aurora Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Unknown Single AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
    World War II, 1939-1945 AWMM
  • Campaign
    Italy AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    1813 AWMM
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    WW2 Unknown AWMM
    Palmerston North, Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand AWMM
  • Age on enlistment

Embarkations

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  • Embarkation details
    WW2 Gunner AWMM
    New Zealand Artillery, 4 Field Regiment AWMM
    2NZEF: 1st Echelon AWMM

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Killed in Action, Cause of Death AWMM

Last known rank

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  • Last rank
    Lieutenant AWMM
    New Zealand Artillery, 4 Field Regiment, 26 Battery AWMM

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Brian Graves was the son of Horace Ivatt Graves and Daisy Graves of Wellington, New Zealand.

    Lieutenant Graves was killed on 29 July 1944 at San Michele, south of Florence. Graves was the newly-appointed commander of F Troop and was being taken by Major Carson forward to the OP when a shell struck the scout car and killed both Lieutenant Graves and Gunner I.H. Henry. (ref. 2nd Div. History, p. 623-4)

    During July 1944 the New Zealand Artillery was part of the advance to Florence. After the fall of Rome troops rested by the Liri river, training and recreation taking up the days until 7 July when orders were received that the Division should concentrate near Lake Trasimene. After the taking of Rome by the Allies in June 1944 the Germans fell back to the Gothic Line.They needed time to consolidate this line. For their part the Allies aimed to reach the Northern Apennines before this consolidation could take place. The result was that as the Fifth Army advanced along the coast and the Eighth Army advanced further inland they found stiff resistance as the Germans sought to slow down Allied progress. From 5 July the Allies encountered resolute resistance in defence of positions just south of a line Ancona-Arezzo-Leghorn and in particular on both sides of the Chiana valley.The Allied attack along this line began on 14/15 July.Within a week it had taken all the strong points of the German defences and had gained the ports of Ancona and Leghorn.The Americans reached the Arno on 4 August and on the 13 August the 8th Indian Division crossed the river and occupied Florence. The first days of August saw the end of the campaign in central Italy. The next stage involved the Allied forces in the attack on the Gothic Line which the Germans had heavily fortified. The delaying tactics they had used at Lake Trasimene and near Arezzo had allowed time to complete this work. AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Age at death
    26 AWMM
  • Date of death
    29 July 1944 AWMM
  • Cause of death
    Killed in Action AWMM
  • Place of death
    San Michele, Italy AWMM
  • Death notes
    San Michele, south of Florence, Italy AWMM
  • Cemetery name
    Florence War Cemetery, Italy AWMM
  • Grave reference
    VII. C. 8. AWMM
  • Memorial name
    Memorial plaque, Karori Cemetery, Wellington AWMM
  • Memorial reference
  • Obituary

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 1 (Embarkations to 31st March, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 1: WW2 69 AWMM
    • Murphy, W. (1966). 2nd New Zealand Divisional Artillery. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      Map on page 618 of Official History of 2nd New Zealand Divisional Artillery by W.E. Murphy shows the positions of the troops on 29 July AWMM