William Nicol Carson Born 16 July 1916 - Died 8 October 1944 PDF Print Share Key details Service number22923 AWMM Also known asBill Carson AWMM ForceArmy AWMM Last rankMajor AWMMNew Zealand Artillery, 5 Field Regiment AWMM WarWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Lay a poppy Portrait, WW2, Major Carson in the desert, holding his issue … Read more View gallery Hide sources Show empty fields Identity About Contribute › Title ForenamesWilliam Nicol AWMM SurnameCarson AWMM Ingoa Also known asBill Carson AWMM Service number22923 AWMM GenderMale AWMM Iwi Hapū Waka Rohe Religion Images and documents Images Contribute › Documents Contribute › Civilian life About birth Contribute › Date of birth16 July 1916 AWMM Place of birthNew Zealand AWMM Birth notesNew Zealand AWMM Occupation before enlistmentWW2 Warehouseman AWMM Post war occupation Address before enlistmentUnknown 54 View Road, Mt Eden, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM Next of kin on embarkationMrs W.M. Carson (wife), 82 Clonbern Road, Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM Relationship statusPre 27 Aug 1940 Married AWMM Service Wars and conflicts Contribute › WarWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Campaigns1941 Crete AWMMNorth Africa AWMMItaly AWMM ForceArmy AWMM Service number22923 AWMM Military service Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers Miilitary decorations Contribute › Medals and AwardsMilitary Cross (MC) AWMM17 June 1943 AWMMThe National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Carson, William Nicol. (Ref. WO 373/25/92). Military Cross. AWMMMentioned in Despatches (MiD) AWMM Training and Enlistment Contribute › Military training EnlistmentWW2 Unknown AWMMAuckland, New Zealand AWMM Age on enlistment Embarkations Contribute › Embarkation detailsWW2 Second Lieutenant AWMMArtillery Reinforcements AWMMSecond New Zealand Expeditionary Force AWMM Prisoner of war Contribute › Capture details Days interned Liberation date POW liberation details POW serial number Medical history Contribute › Medical notesDied of wounds, Cause of Death AWMM Last known rank Contribute › Last rankMajor AWMMNew Zealand Artillery, 5 Field Regiment AWMM Biographical information Biographical information Contribute › William Carson was the son of Alexander John and Mabel Alice Carson and husband of Marie Patricia Carson, of Remuera, Auckland.All Black in 1938Captain John Rutherfurd has written the following tribute to William Carson. 'Bill Carson was a very special friend of mine. We entered camp together in February 1940. He was a double New Zealand representative - All Black and cricket. He had a very distinguished military career, especially in Crete. He was highly respected and very popular.'Major Carson was wounded on 29 July 1944 at San Michele, south of Florence. He was evacuated but died as a result of his wounds and sickness in October. Carson was taking the newly-appointed commander of F Troop forward to the Observation Post when a shell struck the scout car and killed Lieutenant Graves and Gunner I.H. Henry. (Murphy, W. (1966), p. 623-4)In W.E. Murphy's account of 2nd Divisional Artillery he records that Bill Carson was a stalwart of the New Zealand Artillery from the earliest days. His actions in Crete are particularly notable.Lieutenant Carson had charge of a thirty man patrol from Reserve Motor Transport at Galatas. In the area around Cemetery Hill, Wheat Hill and Pink Hill Carson was particularly active with his patrol. On 22 May an incident occurred when Carson and his patrol were moving round to Wheat Hill to counter-attack the enemy. 'There was a beautiful opening for Carson, and I was waiting for him to line his men up before giving him the order to charge, when a most infernal uproar broke out across the valley. Over an open space in the trees near Galatos came running, bounding and yelling like Red Indians, about a hundred Greeks and villagers including women and children, led by Michael Forrester twenty yards ahead. It was too much for the Germans. They turned and ran without hesitation, and we went back to our original positions.'As the days went by and more pressure was brought to bear Carson's patrol faced increasingly difficult situations. On 25 May for example in trying to hold Pink Hill his patrol moved forward to help stiffen the line. An attack by thirty Stukas weakened the right flank and Carson took his patrol and they stayed in spite of attacks of increasing intensity. The message that 18 Battalion had withdrawn did not reach them because the runner sent to warn them of the retirement was killed on the way. This action at Wheat Hill (in co-operation with Captain Nolan's two platoons of gunners) meant that most of the troops involved were able to make their way back safely through Galatas.Re-grouping after this fighting Lieutenant-Colonel Gray formed up the survivors of his battalion on the eastern edge of the village. They were joined by other soldiers and instructed to clear the village with bayonets in spite of the fact that the Germans seemed to have machine guns and mortars everywhere. William Carson is reported to have had a broad grin and to have committed himself to the ongoing battle (Davin, D. (1953), p. 312).Initials W.M. given for next of kin, his wife, on the Nominal Roll.Maj W. N. Carson, MC, m.i.d.; born NZ 16 Jul 1916; warehouseman; died of wounds 8 Oct 1944. (Source: Davin, D.M. Crete. p.162.)'F Troop had joined the KDGs on 19 March. On the 22nd it engaged Italians dug in near the Roman Wall and encouraged 43 of them to surrender next day. Moving with C Squadron on the 23rd, the troop supported Free French troops attacking enemy in the hills to the right of NZ Corps. With A Squadron on the 24th the troop engaged many targets at ranges of 3400-5000 yards, but had much trouble clearing crests in very broken country. F Troop did not take part in the barrage on the 26th, but was well forward in the pursuit on 27 March. Then, next day, came the action at Wadi Werteba mentioned in the citation for Captain Carson's MC, in which 700-odd Italians were captured. F Troop did not pass through Gabes on the 29th. The KDGs by-passed the town and, after two or three more fleeting engagements, camped quite near the 4th Field. By the time F Troop rejoined the regiment on the 30th, it had fired, in the course of its detached role, 1574 rounds of HE and 14 of smoke, using 1454 normal charges and 134 supercharges.' (Source: Murphy, W.E. 2nd New Zealand Divisional Artillery. p. 486.) AWMM Read more Death About death Contribute › Age at death28 AWMM Date of death8 October 1944 AWMM Cause of deathDied of wounds AWMM Place of deathEgypt AWMM Death notesEgypt AWMM Cemetery nameHeliopolis War Cemetery, Egypt AWMM Grave reference4.A.16. AWMM Memorial nameAuckland War Memorial Museum, World War 2 Hall of Memories AWMMAuckland Domain, an Olive Tree (Olea europaea) planted close to the Auckland War Memorial Museum in the grounds of the Auckland Domain commemorates those who fought on Crete in 1941. AWMM Memorial reference Obituary Roll of Honour Remember William Nicol Carson by laying a poppy. William Frederick Carson William James Carson William Nicol Carson David Carstairs William Gerald Carstens Lay a poppy for 2016 Leave a note Leave a tribute or memory of William Nicol Carson Leave a note Contribute › Processing Sources Sources Contribute › External linksAllblacks.com website All Blacks A to Zhttp://stats.allblacks.com/asp/atoz.asp?group=ASources UsedCommonwealth War Graves Commission.http://www.cwgc.orgSources UsedDavin, D. (1953). Crete. Wellington, Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. Digital copy.http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2Cret.htmlSources UsedHenderson, J. (1954). RMT: official history of the 4th and 6th Reserve Mechanical Transport Companies. Wellington: Dept. of Internal Affairs.http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2Mech.htmlSources UsedMurphy, W. (1966). 2nd New Zealand Divisional Artillery. Wellington, Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch.http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2Arti.htmlSources UsedCricket Info.com webite William Carson's cricket careerhttp://www.cricinfo.com/newzealand/content/player/36669.htmlFurther ReferenceRugby Museum.co.nz rugby profilehttp://www.rugbymuseum.co.nz/ABProfilee.asp?level1=All_Blacks&Level2=ABC&IDID=134Further Reference'The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East.' (London Gazette, 17 June 1943, p.2760.). Military Cross.http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/36057/supplements/2760Further ReferenceThe National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Carson, William Nicol. (Ref. WO 373/25/92). Military Cross.http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D7361311Further ReferenceDictionary of New Zealand BiographyURL: http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/biographies/5c12/carson-william Public - Lynn Charles - Researcher - 26 February 2015 - Military Personnel file, Family Papers DocumentsChester, R., McMillan, N. & Palenski, R. (2005). The encyclopedia of New Zealand rugby. Auckland, N.Z.: Hodder Moa. (4th ed.) AWMMSutherland, J. (1989). Gallantry awards to New Zealanders in World War Two. Christchurch, N.Z.: Regal Medals. AWMMSecond New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 3 (Embarkations from 1st July, 1940 to 31st March, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMMWW2 3: WW2 75 AWMMHenderson, J. (1954). RMT: official history of the 4th and 6th Reserve Mechanical Transport Companies. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs. AWMMHenderson, J. (1954). p.81-84 AWMMMurphy, W. (1966). 2nd New Zealand Divisional Artillery. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMpp.60, 63, 108, 111, 125-6, 134, 150-1, 346, 486, 488n, 491, 493n, 504, 623-4. AWMMDavin, D. (1953). Crete. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMpp.162-3, 171, 233-4, 266, 306-7, 311-12. AWMMHenderson, J. (1954). RMT: official history of the 4th and 6th Reserve Mechanical Transport Companies. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs. AWMMpp.81, 82, 83-4. AWMMKidson, A. (1961). Petrol Company. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMpp.128-9, 132. AWMMMcClymont, W. (1959). To Greece. Wellington, N.Z.: Department Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMp.334. AWMMRoss, A. (1959). 23 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMMp.82. AWMM Contributors Processing Command item Command item Add new record Refresh DateNameLocationRelationshipContact 26 February 2015Lynn CharlesAuckland, NZResearcher Seen an error on this page? Tell us about it.