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Online Cenotaph

Richard Alexander Henderson

  • Service number
    3/258 AWMM
  • Also known as
    Dick AWMM
  • Force
    Army AWMM
  • Last rank
  • War
    World War I, 1914-1918 AWMM
Brothers Private Richard (Dick) Alexander Henderson (3/258) (right) and his elder brother, Rifleman William John Henderson, (15369), NZ Rifle Brigade (seated). Almost definitely taken in France. Image provided by Nigel Robson. - No known copyright restrictions
Brothers Private Richard (Dick) Alexander Henderson (3/258) … Read more


  • Title
  • Forenames
    Richard Alexander AWMM
  • Surname
    Henderson AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    Dick AWMM
  • Service number
    3/258 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Date of birth
    26 August 1895 Peter Dennis, UNSW Canberra
  • Place of birth
    Waihi, New Zealand Peter Dennis, UNSW Canberra
  • Birth notes
    Noted as 26 Aug 1893 in Peter Dennis data AWMM
  • Occupation before enlistment
    WW1 Trainee teacher AWMM
  • Post war occupation
    Teacher AWMM
  • Address before enlistment
    Pre 1914 Selbourne Street, Grey Lynn, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    J. Henderson (father), Selbourne Street, Grey Lynn, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Pre 16 Oct 1914 Single AWMM


Wars and conflicts

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  • War
    World War I, 1914-1918 AWMM
  • Campaigns
    • 1915-1916 Gallipoli AWMM
      Gallipoli, Turkey AWMM
    • 1914-1916 Egypt AWMM
    • 1914-1919 Western Front AWMM
  • Force
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    3/258 AWMM
  • Military service
    • Cadet AWMM
    • Territorial AWMM
    • 3 New Zealand General Hospital, UK AWMM
    • No 4 NZ Field Ambulance AWMM
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Miilitary decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Military Medal (MM) AWMM
      MM. London Gazette 9 December 1916, p12058, Rec No 202. During operations on the Somme on the 15th September, 1916 he went out repeatedly under heavy shellfire and brought in wounded who were exposed to it. He set a fine example to the other bearers. AWMM
    • 1914-1915 Star AWMM
    • British War Medal (1914-1920) AWMM
    • Victory Medal AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    WW1 1914 AWMM
    Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Age on enlistment
    WW1 21 AWMM


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  • Embarkation details
    WW1 16 Oct 1914-3 December 1914 AWMM from Auckland, New Zealand AWMM to Suez, Egypt AWMM HMNZT 8 AWMM
    Vessel was Star of India AWMM
    Private AWMM
    New Zealand Medical Corps AWMM
    Main Body AWMM

Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    • Height, Unknown Period AWMM
      5 foot 5 inches AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM
      Gassed Passchendaele AWMM
    • Hospital Diseases , Wounds, WWI AWMM
      Evacuated to England, hospitalised and invalided to New Zealand AWMM

Last known rank

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  • Last rank
    WW1 1 May 1918 AWMM
    Medically unfit AWMM

Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • "In 1914 a war had to be fought. A popular young teacher, Dick Henderson, enlisted in the Medical Corps, and quietly earned immortality with his donkey at the hell of Gallipoli. " (section 1910's- and a crisis in Three Kings School, Centennial 1878-1978.

    Replaced John Simpson Kirkpatrick (dod May 19 1915) and inherited the donkey Murphy and transports injured soldiers at Gallipoli

    Served in Egyptian areana, then England and France

    Gassed at Passchendaele and invalided home to New Zealand

    His eyesight deteriorated badly, as a result of the mustard gas exposure and he retired at age 41

    No Form B103 on file; few details available.
    War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
    Embarked Wellington, 10 October 1914.
    Found guilty, Mudros, 17 July 1915, of taking a boat belonging to No 1 Australian Stationary Hospital from its moorings without permission: awarded 72 hours' detention.
    Received pay as Cook, 18 August 1915; relieved of appointment as Cook, Ismailia, 19 February 1916.
    Awarded Military Medal for gallantry in the field, 15 November 1916.
    Rejoined No 2 NZ Field Ambulance, 1 December 1916.
    Appointed Lance Corporal, 14 December 1916.
    On Command to No 3 NZ General Hospital, Codford, England, 21 February 1917.
    Promoted Corporal, 28 March 1917.
    Proceeded overseas to France, 28 May 1917.
    Wounded in action, 12 October 1917 (gas); admitted to 59th General Hospital, St Omer, 14 October 1917; still listed as 'dangerously ill, 22 October 1917; transferred to England (no date available), and admitted to Lewisham Military Hospital, 6 November 1917 (gassed: severe); removed from 'dangerously ill' list, 7 November 1917. Transferred to No 2 NZ General Hospital, Walton-on-Thames, 17 November 1917.
    Commenced return to New Zealand from Liverpool on board SS 'Maunganui', 2 February 1918; discharged (no longer physically fit for War Service on account of wounds received in action; gas poisoning), 21 May 1918.
    Total war service: 3 years 285 days (of which 3 years 151 days were abroad).
    Medals: Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal AWMM
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About death

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  • Age at death
    63 AWMM
  • Date of death
    14 November 1958 AWMM
  • Cause of death
  • Place of death
    Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Death notes
    Greenlane Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Cemetery name
    Waikumete Cemetery, Glen Eden, Auckland, New Zealand AWMM
  • Grave reference
    Soldiers' Burial Row 11, Plot 111 AWMM
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference
  • Obituary

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • McDonald, W. (2001). Honours and awards to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Great War, 1914-1918. Napier, N.Z.: Helen McDonald. AWMM
    • New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      Vol1: 323 AWMM
    • Western Leader AWMM
      Gray, M. (2002, April 25). Soldier's true identity. Western Leader p. 3 AWMM
    • NZEF Peter Dennis, UNSW Canberra AWMM
    • Beattie, P.J. & Pomeroy, M. (2013-2015). Onward : portraits of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (vols 1-3). Auckland, New Zealand: Fair Dinkum Publications AWMM
      Vol. 3: Includes portrait AWMM