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Charles Baker - Journals and papers, 1827 - 1869

documentary heritage
  • Description

    Journals and papers of the Reverend Charles Baker. Focus is primarily on Baker's mission work in New Zealand on behalf of the Anglican Church Missionary Society, in the early to mid-19th century. Recorded are his interactions with Māori, providing a first-hand account of the complex cross-cultural interactions, exchanges and negotiations that took place between missionaries, the growing European settler population and tangata whenua in the mid-late 19th century.

    He also documents baptisms and outbreaks of diseases like influenza and measles.

  • Other Id

    MS-22 (Reference Number)

    1240 (Presto content ID)

    19528 (DBTextworks system ID)

    69/32 (Registration number)

  • Department

Images and documents


  • Object Type
  • Name/Title
    Charles Baker - Journals and papers, 1827 - 1869
  • Primary Maker
  • Date
  • Physical Description

    2 x London boxes + 1 x document box + 1 x outsized volume

  • Level of Current Record
  • Member Object

    42 items in this collection. View all items.

  • Provenance Details
    Provenance: The originals were first lent by Mr V.H. [Victor Horace] Baker, 22 Rothesay Bay Road, Auckland, during the 1950s for copying. This was completed in 1959. One copy was sent to the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington; one to Mr Baker, and one retained by the library. In February 1960, Mr Baker, after consulting with other members of his family, donated all the journals. There was a gap in the journals, to which Mr Baker later acquired a handwritten copy of September 1839 to July 1844. Typescripts were made of these in 1961-62. The originals of this handwritten copy may be in the possession of Miss Marie King, of Russell.
  • Public Access Text

    This collection was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World New Zealand register in 2018, in recognition of it's global significance.

    The New Zealand Memory of the World Programme is one of over 60 Memory of the World programmes worldwide. It was established in 2010 by the New Zealand National Commission for UNESCO. The Establishment Committee's members have a broad knowledge of New Zealand’s heritage institutions and communities. [Source:]

    See also MS-2013-4.

  • Subject Notes
    Charles Baker was born on 5 August 1803, at Packington, Leicestershire, England. After the death of his first wife Sophia in 1826, Baker joined the Anglican Church Missionary Society. He was soon appointed to New Zealand, and set sail from Woolwich, England, aboard the brig 'Minerva' with his second wife Hannah, arriving in the Bay of Islands on 9 June 1828. Baker and his family lived and worked at the Kerikeri Mission Station until 1834. They then moved to the Paihia Mission Station where, in 1835, Baker was instrumental in the building of Christ Church at Kororareka (now Russell). It is now the oldest church in New Zealand. Baker assisted with the translation of Te Tiriti o Waitangi (Treaty of Waitangi) into Māori, and was present at its signing on 6 February 1840. The Baker family was stationed at Waikare (1840-42), Tolaga Bay (1843-51), Rangitukia (1854-57), and Tauranga (1860-63), where he was ordained. In 1865 Baker retired to Auckland. He died on 6 February 1875, and was buried at St. Stephen’s Church Cemetery in Parnell, Auckland.
  • Copyright
    No known copyright restrictions
  • Last Update
    26 Jul 2023
The development of the Auckland War Memorial Museum online collection is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.

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