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Blog

Raoul Island whales

Raoul Island whales

BY THE KERMADEC EXPEDITION TEAM
Tue, 25 Oct 2016

During September and October Raoul Island is like Grand Central Station for humpback whales.

An adult humpback whale showing it’s fluke. Each humpback whale has a different pattern of markings on the underside of its tail (much like our fingerprints) that can be used to identify different individuals.

Ever since we arrived here at the Island we have been surrounded by whales. This has been great news for the Whale Team on the ship. Every morning and afternoon the team has been going out in the small motorboat to try and get biopsy samples, fluke (tail) photographs and song recordings. This sampling is part of ongoing work on the Oceania humpback whale population, where researchers are trying to understand why it is taking longer to recover from the effects of whaling than other humpback populations.

In late September 2015 Rochelle Constantine, from the University of Auckland, was up here at Raoul Island attaching satellite tags to 25 humpback whales. She then tracked these whales all the way down to their feeding grounds in Antarctica. This was the first time the whales have been tracked this far into the Antarctic. Rochelle and her team discovered that some of the whales travel far further than they expected, across almost to the Antarctic Peninsula.

Satellite tracks of the 25 humpback whales tagged in Raoul Island in 2015, showing the tracks from Raoul Island down to Antarctica

University of Auckland

In addition to the satellite tags Rochelle deployed, she also took biopsy samples for genetic identification work, as well as fluke photos to compare with a catalogue of known individuals from across the Pacific. What she found was that the whales passing Raoul Island come from a number of Pacific breeding sites spread across 3,600km, from New Caledonia in the West, to the Cook Islands in the East.

Another really interesting thing about Raoul Island is that it is thought to be a place where whale songs are exchanged between different populations of humpback whales that do not usually socialise with each other anywhere else.

Recording whale song on the hydrophone near Raoul Island.

Whale sampling is both the exhilarating thrill of the hunt and a lesson in patience. Often times we get tantalizingly close to getting the shot away to get a biopsy, only then to have the whale disappear under the water and vanish, and not resurface anywhere in the vicinity of the boat. Other times things go according to plan with the biopsy dart fired at the right time to connect with the surfaced whale and the sample recovered.

Yesterday was a great day for the whale team, they recovered biopsy samples from 11 whales and gathered four good fluke images. This morning’s expedition was a bit more frustrating, with only one humpback biopsy sample recovered. However, several good fluke photographs were taken as well as some great snippets of whale song.

Lining up the shot to fire a biopsy dart to take a skin sample for genetic identification of humpback whales.

We have another two days sampling whales at Raoul Island so there is still time to collect more samples.

  • Post by: Kermadec expedition team

    The Kermadec Ridge expedition is a multidisciplinary expedition to explore the waters around the Kermadec Islands. Expedition participants are from NIWA, the Auckland Museum, Te Papa, the University of Auckland, Massey University, the Department of Conservation and The Pew Charitable Trusts.