Māori › Haane Manahi Born 28 September 1913 - Died 29 March 1986 PDF Key details Service number39099 AWMM Also known as Armed force / branchArmy AWMM Last rankJayforce Sergeant AWMM 28 (Maori) Battalion, B Company AWMM WarWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Jayforce, 1945-1948 AWMM Enquire Lay a poppy Portrait, Weekly News, D.C.M. - This image may be subject to copyright View gallery Hide sources Show empty fields Identity About Contribute › Title ForenamesHaane AWMM SurnameManahi AWMM Ingoa Also known as Service number39099 AWMM GenderMale AWMM IwiIwi Māori AWMM Hapū WakaTe Arawa AWMM Te Arawa AWMM Rohe Religion Images and documents Images Contribute › Documents Contribute › Civilian life About birth Contribute › Birth28 September 1913 AWMM Ohinemutu, Rotorua AWMM Date of birth Place of birth Birth notes Address before enlistmentWW2 Unknown AWMM Ohinemutu, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Jayforce Mrs Rangi Awatea Manahi (wife), Ohinemutu, Rotorua Post Office, New Zealand AWMM WW2 Unknown AWMM Ohinemutu, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Post war occupation Next of kin on embarkationJayforce Mrs Rangi Awatea Manahi (wife), Ohinemutu, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Relationship statusPre 2 May 1940 AWMM Married/WWII AWMM Service Wars and conflicts Contribute › WarWorld War II, 1939-1945 AWMM Jayforce, 1945-1948 AWMM CampaignNorth Africa AWMM 1941 AWMM World War 2/wars AWMM Crete AWMM Greece AWMM Armed force / branchArmy AWMM Service number39099 AWMM Military service Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers Military decorations Contribute › Medals and AwardsDistinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) AWMM DCM. Citation:"On the night of 19-20 April 1943 during the attack upon the TAKROUNA feature, Tunisia, Lance Sergeant Manahi was in command of a section. The objective of his platoon was the pinnacle, a platform of rock right on top of the feature. By morning the platoon was reduced in strength to ten by heavy mortar and small-arms fire and were pinned to the ground a short way up the feature. The platoon continued towards their objective, Lance Sergeant Manahi leading a party of three up the western side. During this advance they encountered heavy machine-gun fire from posts on the slope and extensive sniping from the enemy actually on the pinnacle. In order to reach their objective, he and his party had to climb some 500 feet under heavy fire, the last 50 feet being almost sheer. He personally led the party after silencing several machine-gun posts and by climbing hand-over-fist they eventually reached the pinnacle. After a brief fight some sixty enemy, including an artillery observation officer, surrendered. They were then joined by the remainder of the platoon and the pinnacle was captured. The area was subjected to intense mortar fire from a considerable enemy force still holding Takrouna Village and the northern and western slopes of the feature and later to heavy and continuous shelling. The Platoon Sergeant was killed and other casualties reduced the party holding the pinnacle to Lance Sergeant Manahi and two Privates. An artillery observation officer who had arrived ordered him to withdraw but he and his men remained and held the feature. This action was confirmed by Brigade Headquarters as soon as communications were established. Late morning found the party short of ammunition, rations and water. Lance Sergeant Manahi himself returned to his Battalion at the foot of the feature and brought back supplies and reinforcements, the whole time being under fire. During the afternoon the enemy counter-attacked in force, some of them gaining a foothold. In the face of grenades and small-arms fire he personally led his men against the attackers. Fierce hand-to-hand fighting ensued but eventually the attackers were driven off. Shortly after this the party was relieved. The following morning urgent and immediate reinforcements were required as the enemy had once more gained a foothold and Lance Sergeant Manahi led one of two parties which attacked and drove back the enemy despite concentrated mortar and heavy machine-gun fire. All that day the feature was heavily shelled, mortared and subjected to continual machine-gun fire from in and about Takrouna. Late in the afternoon of 21 April Lance Sergeant Manahi on his own initiative took two men and moved round the north-western side of the feature. In that area were several enemy machine-gun and mortar posts and two 25-pounder guns operated by the enemy. With cool determination Lance Sergeant Manahi led his party against them, stalking one post after another always under shell and machine-gun fire. By his skill and daring he compelled the surrender of the enemy in that area. This courageous action undoubtedly led to the ultimate collapse of the enemy defence and the capture of the whole Takrouna feature with over 300 prisoners, two 25-pounder guns, several mortars and seventy-two machine guns. On the night of 21-22 April Lance Sergeant Manahi remained on the feature assisting in the evacuation of the dead and wounded and refused to return to his Battalion until this task was completed. During that time the area was being heavily and continually shelled. Throughout the action Lance Sergeant Manahi showed the highest qualities of an infantry soldier. He made a supreme contribution to the capture and holding of a feature vital to the success of the operation." AWMM 1939-1945 Star AWMM Africa Star (8th Army clasp) AWMM Defence Medal AWMM War Medal 1939-1945 AWMM New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM Training and Enlistment Contribute › Military training Branch Trade Proficiency EnlistmentWW2 Unknown Nom Roll 2 Age 27 AWMM Labourer/Civilian Nom Roll 2 Rotorua, Bay of Plenty Nom Roll 2 Jayforce Labourer/Civilian Nom Roll 16 Occupation before enlistment Age on enlistment Embarkations Contribute › Embarkation detailsWW2 Vessel was Aquitania AWMM Private Nom Roll 2 Headquarters, 28 (Maori) Battalion Nom Roll 2 Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Second Echelon AWMM Jayforce Sergeant Nom Roll 16 28 (Maori) Battalion, B Company Nom Roll 16 British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) Japan AWMM 2nd Embarkation AWMM Prisoner of war Contribute › Capture details Days interned Liberation date Liberation Repatriation POW liberation details POW serial number Medical history Contribute › Medical notesHospital Diseases , Wounds, WWII AWMM Wounded 23 May 1941 AWMM Accidental Death, Cause of Death AWMM Accidental death AWMM Last known rank Contribute › Last rankJayforce 22 August 1946 AWMM Sergeant AWMM 28 (Maori) Battalion, B Company AWMM Biographical information Biographical information Contribute › Private Manahi was amongst those who trained at Palmerston North and at noon on 1 May 1941 went by train to Wellington to board the Aquitania for Britain.Many felt he should have been awarded the Victoria CrossThe circumstances surrounding the action for which Private Manahi was recommended for the Victoria Cross occurred at Takrouna, Tunisia.The New Zealand Division's intention was to attack and capture the Djebel el Froukr and Djebel el Ogla features and exploit to the north-west and north, they were to secure the end of a ridge and exploit into the hills. Fifth Brigade on the left of the New Zealand sector had for its first objective the capture of Djebel Cherachir which lay beyond Takrouna and Djebel Bir. The final objective, Djebel Froukr, lay a mile further north.The Enfidaville-Zaghouan road ran between Cherachir and Takrouna and was the final objective for the first phase of the attack - the responsibility of 28 Battalion, on the right and 21 Battalion on the left. The 21 Battalion was to reach the road by moving around the left or western side of Takrouna. Takrouna hill itself and Djebel Bir were to be taken by the 28 Battalion. The citation above gives the details of Haane Manahi's actions. For a detailed account of the whole event refer to 28 (Maori) Battalion by J.F. Cody Chapter II.Sergeant Manahi is regarded as one of New Zealand's most distinguished soldiers and controversy has surrounded him because he was not awarded the Victoria Cross. Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Charles Bennett, former commanding officer of the 28 Battalion supported moves to redress this decision. Sir Charles is quoted as saying that "... a grave injustice has been done to a great soldier, and indeed to the Maori people as a whole - as grave in my view as the confiscation of Maori lands in the last century." (NZ Herald 21 January 1997)Approaches were made to the Prime Minister in 1993, Mr Bolger, and again in 1997 to Mrs Shipley, for the award of a posthumous Victoria Cross. New Zealand First Member of Parliament John Delamere also pressed the Government to recognise the claim that the DCM be replaced by a VC. It appears that Major Denis Blundell (later Governor-General of New Zealand) recommended Lance- Sergeant Manahi for the VC and was supported by Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Freyberg, General Sir Brian Horrocks and Field Marshal Bernard Montogomery. In spite of these high commendations it is believed that officials in London decided against the award on the grounds that a second Maori could not get a VC. The first was awarded to Te Moananui-A-Kiwa Ngarimu who died on the Tunisian battlefield in March 1943. (NZ Herald 20 January 1997, 21 March 1997)In May 1998 Mr Delamere suggested Manahi and Colonel William Malone could be amongst the first to receive the new New Zealand-based royal awards. In 2006 Manahi’s gallantry was finally acknowledged in 2007 with the presentation, on behalf of Queen Elizabeth II, of an altar cloth for St Faith’s Church Ohinemutu, a letter to the family and a ceremonial sword for Te Arawa, later presented to the Chief of Defence, together symbolising the tangible link between God, Queen and Country.He died in a car accident near Te Puke in 198628 (Maori) Battalion, Main Body AWMM Read more Death About death Contribute › Death29 March 1986 AWMM Age 72 AWMM Te Puke, Bay of Plenty AWMM Date of death Age at death Place of death Cause of deathAccidental Death AWMM Death notes CemeteryMuruika Cemetery, Ohinemutu, Rotorua, New Zealand AWMM Cemetery name Grave reference Obituary Memorial name Memorial reference Memorials Memorial Contribute › Memorial nameWhakarewarewa, Te Hokowhitu-a-tu Memorial Gateway, Rotorua AWMM Roll of Honour Remember Haane Manahi by laying a poppy. Robert James Managh Sandy Nelson Managh Haane Manahi Tuhawaiki Manahi John Thomas Manaia Lay a poppy for 2021 Leave a note Leave a tribute or memory of Haane Manahi Leave a note Contribute › Processing R.I.P from all of the Hamiora Whanau. We well always remember you now and forever Public - Morgan Tekaitu - Other relative - 26 April 2016 Report Sources Sources Contribute › External linksCody, J. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington: Dept. of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. Digital copy. http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2Maor.htm Sources Used 28th Maori Battalion Website 1941-1945 http://www.28maoribattalion.org.nz/ Sources Used Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Photograph, Haane Te Rauawa Manahi, held by Alexander Turnbull Library Reference: 1/4-04139-DA. Available from New Zealand History online. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/media/photo/haane-te-rauawa-manahi Further Reference Essay, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. http://dnzb.govt.nz/dnzb/default.asp?Find_Quick.asp?PersonEssay=5M30 Further Reference 28th Maori Battalion Website 1941-1945. http://www.28maoribattalion.org.nz/soldier/haane-te-rauawa-manahi Further Reference Te Ara, the encyclopedia of New Zealand. Te Hokowhitu-a-tu: Whakarewarewa memorial gateway http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/volcanic-plateau-places/5/3 Further Reference Wikidata Entity http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5636523 Further Reference DocumentsSecond New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM p.124 AWMM Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1950). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 16 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1946 to 30th June, 1948). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM p.86 AWMM Ross, A. (1959). 23 Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM Official History of 23 Battalion, p.268 AWMM Te waka o-Tu (the war craft): on board H.M.T. Aquitania AWMM Dominion Post AWMM Article. (2006, October 10). Dominion Post, p. A4 AWMM Sunday Star Times AWMM Sunday Star Times, 8 October 2006, Korero AWMM Rotorua Review AWMM Rotorua Review, 11 October 2006 AWMM Press Release: New Zealand Goverment AWMM Recognition from Queen for Manahi. Press Release: New Zealand Government. Monday, 9 October 2006. AWMM Weekend Herald AWMM Tahana, Y. (2010, 18 September). War hero 'victim of VC quota system'. Weekend herald, A13. AWMM The Listener AWMM Lomas, D. (2010, November 13). Fighting for Haane. Listener, p. 30 - 33. AWMM Harper, G., & Richardson, C. (2006). In the face of the enemy: The complete history of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z.: HarperCollins NZ. AWMM Harper, G. & Richardson, C. (2006). p.129-130 AWMM Gardiner, W. (2019). Ake ake kia kaha e! : Forever brave! : B Company 28 (Maori) Battalion, 1939-1945. Auckland : Bateman Books. AWMM Cody, J. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM Brocklebank, L.W. (1997). Jayforce : New Zealand and the military occupation of Japan, 1945-48. Auckland, N.Z.: Oxford University Press. AWMM Contributors Processing Command item Command item Add new record Refresh DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact 26 April 2016Morgan TekaituNew Zealand / RotoruaOther relative The development of the Online Cenotaph is an ongoing process; updates, new images and records are added weekly. In some cases, records have yet to be confirmed by Museum staff, and there could be mistakes or omissions in the information provided.Online Cenotaph Data by Auckland War Memorial Museum is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.