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Thomas England Duncan

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Whakarewarewa Village, Memorial Gateway, Rotorua (photo J Chong, 1998) - This image may be subject to copyright

Whakarewarewa Village, Memorial Gateway, Rotorua (photo J Chong, 1998) - This image may be subject t …

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Thomas England AWMM
  • Surname
    Duncan AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
  • Service number
    25841 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi / Hapū / Waka / Rohe
  • Religion

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
    24 February 1917 AWMM AWMM
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Birth notes
  • Address before enlistment
    Unknown AWMM Reporoa, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    Mrs Puke (mother), Reporoa, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Unknown AWMM Single AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    Western Desert AWMM
  • Armed force / branch
    Army AWMM
  • Service number
    25841 AWMM
  • Military service
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    • Military Medal (MM) AWMM
      4 November 1941 AWMM
      London Gazette 4/11/1941 "On the 22 May 1941 this soldier was required to go out and take individual action against two or three parachutists landed in front of position; he accounted for at least two. At Maleme on 23 May 1941 he volunteered to go out and silence an enemy machine-gun post which was giving his company trouble. Single-handed he closed with the post and bombed it, killing nine Germans, capturing the gun and ammunition, which were subsequently used against the enemy." The National Archives. Recommendation for Award for Duncan, Thomas England. (Ref. WO 373/27/365). Military Medal. AWMM
    • War Medal 1939-1945 AWMM
    • New Zealand War Service Medal AWMM

Training and Enlistment

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes
    Killed on Active Service, Cause of Death AWMM

Last known rank

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Biographical information

Biographical information

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  • Thomas England Duncan was the son of Samuel and Mako Duncan, of Wharepaina, Auckland, New Zealand.

    Corporal T. E. Duncan, MM; born NZ 24 Feb 1917; labourer; wounded 23 May 1941; killed in action 24 Oct 1942. (Source: Cody, J.F. 28 Maori Battalion. p.90.)

    'Some of these troops were dropped along the west bank of the Platanias River and beyond effective range but were optimistically fired on by A, B, and C Companies until they were hidden in the ground cover.

    A parachute with a load that glistened in the sun floated down about half-way between the enemy and B Company and Private Tommy Duncan13 volunteered to go out and investigate. He stalked the ‘chute and found it contained a canister of weapons, field glasses, and grenades. He was dragging it back when he noticed a party of Germans also bent on retrieving his trophy, which he felt disinclined to part with. He shot two and the others disappeared. This and subsequent exploits won him the Military Medal.' (Source: Cody, J.F. 28 Maori Battalion. p. 90.) AWMM
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Death

About death

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  • Death
    24 October 1942 AWMM
    Age 25 AWMM
    Western DesertNorth Africa AWMM
  • Date of death
  • Age at death
  • Place of death
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name
    • Alamein Memorial, El Alamein War Cemetery, Egypt AWMM
    • Auckland War Memorial Museum, World War 2 Hall of Memories AWMM
    • Whakarewarewa, Te Hokowhitu-a-tu Memorial Gateway, Rotorua AWMM

Roll of Honour

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Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • References
    • Auckland Museum. Roll of Honour, Auckland Province, 1939 - 1945. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 93/139. AWMM
    • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force. (1941). Nominal Roll Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force No. 3 (Embarkations from 1st July, 1940 to 31st March, 1941). Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      WW2 3: WW2 133 AWMM
    • Cody, J. (1956). 28 (Maori) Battalion. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Internal Affairs, War History Branch. AWMM
      pp.90, 104, 145, 149. AWMM
    • Gardiner, W. (2019). Ake ake kia kaha e! : Forever brave! : B Company 28 (Maori) Battalion, 1939-1945. Auckland : Bateman Books. AWMM
    • Beattie, P.J. and Pomeroy, M.J. (2016). Gallant Acts and Noble Deeds: New Zealand army honours and awards for the Second World War. Auckland, N.Z.: Fair Dinkum Publications.; P.J. Beattie and M.J. Pomeroy, 2016. AWMM
      p.92 AWMM

Contributors

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DateFirst namesLocationRelationshipContact
19 July 2022Lorraine MonaGisborneResearcher

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