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Tupara Rotoatara

  • Service number
    WWI 16/457 AWMM
  • Also known as
    aka Tupara Kingi Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 17 March 2016 - Research
  • Armed force / branch
    • Army AWMM
    • 1st NZ Maori Contingent Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Last rank
  • War
New Zealand. Army. 1st Maori Contingent. Scroll of the 1st New Zealand Maori Contingent, 1915. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS-624. Cultural Permissions may apply.
New Zealand. Army. 1st Maori Contingent. Scroll of the 1st N … Read more

Identity

  • Title
  • Forenames
    Tupara AWMM
  • Surname
    Rotoatara AWMM
  • Ingoa
  • Also known as
    aka Tupara Kingi Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 17 March 2016 - Research
  • Service number
    WWI 16/457 AWMM
  • Gender
    Male AWMM
  • Iwi
  • Hapū
  • Waka
  • Rohe
  • Religion
    Church of England Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record

Civilian life

About birth

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  • Birth
  • Date of birth
    18 February 1889 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Place of birth
    Wairoa, NZ Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Birth notes
    son of Kingi Rotoatara Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Address before enlistment
    Unknown AWMM Wairoa, New Zealand AWMM
  • Post war occupation
  • Next of kin on embarkation
    Kingi Rotoatara (father), Wairoa, Hawke's Bay, New Zealand AWMM
  • Relationship status
    Pre 14 February 1915 AWMM Single AWMM

Service

Wars and conflicts

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  • War
  • Campaign
    Egyptian - Gallipoli; Egyptian EF & Western European Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Armed force / branch
    • Army AWMM
    • 1st NZ Maori Contingent Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Service number
    WWI 16/457 AWMM
  • Military service
    1914-1919 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Promotions/ Postings/ Transfers

Military decorations

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  • Medals and Awards
    1914-1915 Star
    British War Medal
    Victory Medal
    The Military Medal (MM) awarded Oct 1916 for acts of Bravery in the Field Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record

Training and Enlistment

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  • Military training
  • Enlistment
    • WW1 Unknown AWMM AWMM
    • 22 Oct 1914 at Avondale Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Occupation before enlistment
    Labourer Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record
  • Age on enlistment
    25yrs Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record

Embarkations

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Prisoner of war

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  • Capture details
  • Days interned
  • Liberation date
  • Liberation Repatriation
  • POW liberation details
  • POW serial number

Medical history

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  • Medical notes

Last known rank

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  • Last rank
    Lieutentant Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record

Biographical information

Biographical information

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    • Lt TE Rodgers wrote in his memoirs:

      "My salient memories are of perfect comradeship, devoid both of pettiness and self-seeking, [and] the dozen Australian and the same number of New Zealand cadets. With the latter was a Maori. I remember his name, but cannot spell it. But because I should be more than happy to know how he fares, I’ll attempt to spell it: ‘Rotrowatra’. He was awarded the Military Medal: it was presented to him by the Colonel one Sunday after church parade. He was thought much of by his white compatriots: they took great care of him. Where they went he went; they would have refused an invitation had it not included him."

      Rogers was writing about his time at No 2 Officer Cadet Battalion at Cambridge, Nov 1916 - March 1917. He and Rotoatara were in 'C' Company at Emmanuel College. Public - Charles - Researcher - 5 May 2017 - Private papers of Lt TE Rogers, Imperial War Museum Department of Documents (reference Documents.6527), see pages 54-61
    • A BRAVE MAORI'S ANCESTOR.
      THE HISTORIC PAST. The award of the Military Cross to Sergt. Rotoatara, of the First Maori Contingent, for gallantry at the front in the present war, brings back recollection of the tragic death of his grandfather, Karaitiana Rotoatara, and three other Native Scouts at the hands of Te Waru's tribe at Whataroa, inland of Wairoa, in October, 1868. In conversation with Captain G. A. Preece, N.Z.C., a “Standard” representative, gathered some particulars of a long past age. Karaitiana Rotoatara was a young chief of the Ngatipuku tribe, of Wairoa. He was one of Kopu’s Toas (braves) in the lighting at Wairoa and Waikaremoana in 1865 and 1866 against Te Waru, who led the Upper Wairoa rebels and the Urewera in the East Coast Campaign under Major Fraser, and was a noted scout. After the fighting at Te Kopane, Waikaremoana, where the rebels suffered severe losses and escaped in canoes over the lake, Te Waru and all the Wairoa natives to the number of several hundred surrendered and took the oath of allegiance to the Queen. There was a big meeting of friendly natives, and they were addressed by Kopu and told that their lands would be confiscated, but reserves would be set apart for them, that in the meanwhile a resting place would be provided for them. Pointing to where Frasertown now stands, he said “Haeremai taku mokai ki te kapu o toku ringa noho ai,’’ meaning “Come and rest on the palm of my hand like a pet bird.” This was the origin of the name Te Kapu, or Frasertown. There are probably few natives now who know the origin of the name.
      After this, when the confiscated lands were surveyed and the military settlers placed on their lands on the Wairoa and Waiau rivers, the rebels were allowed to return to their old settlements or other places which were set apart for them, and remained as friendly natives until after Te Kooti escaped from the Chatham Islands in July, 1868. Shortly after the first three fights with Te Kooti at Te Arai Valley, Whenuakura and Ruakituri, Te Waru came down to the Magistrate at Wairoa (Captain Heighten) and expressed his wish to have arms to protect himself against Te Kooti, and promised to keep up communication as to any movement of the rebel, who was then located at Puketapu on a high hill above Ruakituri river, where Captains Carr and Canning had been killed. Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - PART 1 - Manawatu Standard, Volume XLI, Issue 10549, 30 December 1916, Page 5
    • His request was granted, and a few stand of arms were given to him. This was in the latter end of August. Reports were received from time to time stating that Te Kooti was building a pa at Puketapu which could be seen from near Te Waru’s place, at Whataroa, but that none of his people had been seen. About October 14, Karaitiana Rotoatara, with three other men of his tribe, left Wairoa to go to Te Waru’s settlement at Whataroa, with a view of scouting towards Puketapu, and reporting on the position. They took one ex-rebel with them from Opoiti. On their way up they met an Opoiti native coming from Whataroa. He and the other native had a conversation, and the Opoiti man said he felt ill and would return. It was afterwards found that Karaitiana Rotoatara and his three companions were welcomed by Te Waru‘s people, fed and put in the best house in the settlement, buty were treacherously murdered at night by Te Waru’s brother and others (Te Waru being at Te Kooti’s camp at the time), “We found their bodies,’’ said Captain Preece. “They had been buried after this, and were intact except for wounds, but Karaitiana’s heart had been cut out as an offering to Maori gods.” Te Waru and his whole tribe had then left their settlement and took part in the Poverty Bay massacre a few days after. Te Waru, after following the fortunes of Te Kooti in his several raids, surrendered unconditionally to Capt. Preece at Horomanga Gorge, near Fort Galatea, on the 9th of October, 1870, and his men laid down their arms. They were sent down under escort, to Tauranga, but the civil authorities interfered at Makotu, and they were handed over to the charge of the Arawa tribe. The murderers were never brought to trial, and the tribe were given a small block of land 10 settle on at Waioeka, and were never allowed to return to Wairoa as a body. Some did return singly after some years. Te Waru’s settlement at Whataroa. 1000 acres, was set apart for the families of the murdered men, but a short time ago there was a doubt whether this had been carried into effect. Sergeant Rotoatara, is a worthy descndant, of his grandfather. Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - PART TWO: Manawatu Standard, Volume XLI, Issue 10549, 30 December 1916, Page 5
    • DEEDS OF GALLANTRY - Pioneer Battalion Sergt. R. Angel, Private H. Rawhiti, Sergt, W R Bennett, Sergt. Rotoatara, Corporal R H Flutey, Corporal T. P. Sidney, Corporal R. Otehe. - awarded the Military Medal Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 18 January 2016 - Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLIII, Issue 14169, 11 December 1916, Page 5
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Death

About death

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  • Death
  • Date of death
    3 October 1939 Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record & BMD NZ (death) Records
  • Age at death
    50yrs Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record & BMD NZ (death) Records
  • Place of death
    Rotorua, NZ Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016 - Military Record & BMD NZ (death) Records
  • Cause of death
  • Death notes
  • Cemetery
  • Cemetery name
  • Grave reference
  • Obituary
  • Memorial name
  • Memorial reference

Memorials

Memorial

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  • Memorial name

Roll of Honour

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Leave a note

Leave a tribute or memory of Tupara Rotoatara

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  • Brother to Charles Rotoatara (aka Kingi) # 16/39 & Kipa Rotoarata (aka Kingi) # 16/526
    Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 17 March 2016
  • Sergeant Tupara Rotoatara, son of Kingi Rotoatara of Wairoa, Hawkers Bay, has been promoted to Second Lieutenant, and has also been awarded the Military Medal for gallantry in the field. He has one other brother at the front, and one has returned wounded.
    Public - Lorraine M - Researcher - 16 March 2016

Sources

Sources

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  • External links
  • Documents
    • New Zealand Army Expeditionary Force. (1914-1919). Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Volume I. Wellington, N.Z.: Govt. Printer. AWMM
      Page No: 631 AWMM
    • New Zealand. Army. 1st Maori Contingent. Scroll of the 1st New Zealand Maori Contingent, 1915. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS-624. AWMM
    • Soutar, M. (2019). Whitiki! Whiti! Whiti! E!: Maori In the First World War. New Zealand: David Bateman Ltd. AWMM

Contributors

Command item
Command item
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DateNameLocationRelationshipContact
05 May 2017CharlesLondon, UKResearcher
18 January 2016Lorraine MGisborne, NZResearcher
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